French Equatorial Africa (Afrique Equatoriale Française, AEF) was a French colonial territory in Central Africa comprised of the various colonial provinces of Tchad, Gabon, Moyen-Congo, and Ubangi-Shari, united into one administrative entity in 1910 following their acquisition by France in the Scramble for Africa. The colony provided troops for France during WWI, and was the first to switch allegiance under its Governor Félix Éboué to Free France under de Gaulle in July 1940. The first coins issued there by Free France in 1943 were of 5, 10, 25, 50 centimes and 1 Franc. Following the war it started using the CFA Franc, with issues beginning in 1948 in aluminium. Its constituent parts eventually gained independence from France in 1960 as Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Cameroon and Chad.
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