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Coins from Colonial Australia

Countries and territoriesAustralia › Australia - Colonial

Colonial Australia is a term used to describe the Australian continent during the period between 1788 to 1901 when Australia was under British colonial authority. Australia’s first people arrived around 42,000 and 48,000 years ago from Southeast Asia. The modern decedents of these people are called Indigenous Australians or Aboriginals. The first Europeans to discover and make landfall were the Dutch in 1606 and named the continent New Holland. In 1770 Captain James Cook sailed and mapped the east coast which he claimed for Great Britten and named New South Wales. On the 26 January 1788 Captain Arthur Philip landed in New South Wales with the First Fleet and established a penal colony at Sydney Cove, Port Jackson. The first colony of New South Wales was establish in January of 1788 with the arrival of the First Fleet. The British colony of New South Wales comprised of the ester half of the continent with the western half rating the name New Holland. Van Diemen's Land (renamed Tasmania in 1856), South Australia, New Zealand, Victoria and Queensland all separated from New South Wales and formed their own self-governing colonies in 1825, 1834, 1841, 1851 and 1859 respectively. In 1832 the Swan River colony was established which latter changed its name to Western Australia. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies (excluding New Zealand) federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Read more

See also: Australia, United Kingdom

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Australia - Colonial - Pound sterling (1788-1929)

12 Pence = 1 Shilling • 20 Shilling = 1 Pound

15 Pence - George III "Dump" (New South Wales Colony) – obverse
15 Pence - George III "Dump" (New South Wales Colony) – reverse
15 Pence - George III "Dump" (New South Wales Colony)
1813
Silver (.903) – 5.62 g – ø 19 mm
KM# 1.1, KM# 1.2, KM# 1.3, KM# 1.4
2 Shillings (1800 Proclamation coin - Netherlands Gulden) – obverse
2 Shillings (1800 Proclamation coin - Netherlands Gulden) – reverse
2 Shillings (1800 Proclamation coin - Netherlands Gulden)
1795-1800
Silver (.912) – 10.47 g – ø 31 mm
5 Shillings - George III "Holey Dollar" (New South Wales Colony) – obverse
5 Shillings - George III "Holey Dollar" (New South Wales Colony) – reverse
5 Shillings - George III "Holey Dollar" (New South Wales Colony)
1813
Silver (.903) – 21.04 g – ø 39 mm
KM# 2.1, 2.3, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11, 2.13, 2.14, 2.15,
½ Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria
1855-1856
Gold (.917) – 3.97 g – ø 19.3 mm
KM# 1, Fr# 9a
½ Sovereign - Victoria (Pattern) – obverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria (Pattern) – reverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria (Pattern)
1855
Gold (.917) – 3.99 g – ø 19 mm
½ Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria
1857-1866
Gold (.917) – 3.98 g – ø 19 mm
KM# 3, Fr# 10a
½ Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria
1871-1887
Gold (.917) – 3.99 g – ø 19.30 mm
KM# 5
½ Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria
1887-1893
Gold (.917) – 3.99 g – ø 19 mm
KM# 9, Fr# 22
½ Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
½ Sovereign - Victoria
1893-1900
Gold (.917) – 4.00 g – ø 19 mm
KM# 12
1 Pound - Victoria "Adelaide Pound" (South Australia Colony) – obverse
1 Pound - Victoria "Adelaide Pound" (South Australia Colony) – reverse
1 Pound - Victoria "Adelaide Pound" (South Australia Colony)
1852
Gold (.917) – 8.75 g – ø 22 mm
KM# 1, Fr# 1
1 Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria
1855-1856
Gold (.917) – 7.98 g – ø 22.5 mm
KM# 2, Fr# 9
1 Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria
1857-1870
Gold (.9166) – 7.99 g – ø 22.05 mm
KM# 4, Fr# 10
1 Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria
1871-1887
Gold (.917) – 7.99 g – ø 23 mm
KM# 6, Fr# 11
1 Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria
1871-1887
Gold (.9166) – 7.99 g – ø 22.05 mm
KM# 7
1 Sovereign - Victoria – obverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria – reverse
1 Sovereign - Victoria
1887-1893
Gold (.917) – 7.99 g – ø 23 mm
KM# 10

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Numista referee for this country is Australian Coin Info.

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