Exonumia from Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America. A federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy composed of ten provinces and three territories, the country is bordered on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Arctic Ocean and on the west by the Pacific Ocean from where its motto Latin (official since 1921) found on some 50 cents coins among others "A mari usque ad mare" (from one ocean to another). The United States is the only border country in the south and north-west. Canada's land area is nearly 10 million square kilometers, making it the second largest country in the world after Russia. In 2016, it has about 36 million inhabitants and is the 37th most populous country in the world. The territory contains more than 31,700 lakes, making Canada the country with some of the largest freshwater reserves in the world. The official languages ​​at the federal level are English and French. The federal capital is Ottawa and the currency is the Canadian dollar. The first occupants of the Canadian territory were the Amerindians, whose migrations date back to about 15,000 years ago during the last glaciation that lowered the level of the oceans and created a land bridge linking Eurasia to America, allowing to settle down. Although Vikings settled from the 11th century to the 14th century, the first explorations of Europeans began at the end of the 15th century, culminating in the expeditions of Frenchman Jacques Cartier to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. After some unsuccessful experiments in the first half of the 16th century, we see the first French perennial trading posts on the continent between 1600 and 1608, initiating the process of French colonization. Subsequently, the British invaded the established French colonies and established other settlements, particularly in the Atlantic Coast region (Nova Scotia, Acadia), the St. Lawrence River Valley and the Labrador Peninsula (Nova Scotia). France) as well as in the Arctic zone, while other European powers such as Spain and Russia explore the rest of Canada. As a result of various conflicts, especially the Spanish Succession War (1701-1714), the Conquest War (1754-1760) and the American War of Independence (1775-1783), the Great War Brittany gained and lost territories in the eighteenth century, resulting in what corresponds to the Canadian territory of today. Three of these colonies federated on July 1, 1867, forming the Dominion of Canada, an independent nation under partial domination of the British Crown. Its complete sovereignty is then guaranteed by the Balfour Declaration of 1926, the Westminster Statute of 1931 and the repatriation of its Constitution in 1982. Canada's contemporary history has been marked by a vigorous territorial expansion, the Gold Rush and participation in the First World War. The country was badly hit by the Great Depression in 1929 but its economy rebounded thanks to its participation in the Second World War, where it emerged as a middle power and was one of the winners as a member of the Allies.
Wikidata: Q16

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Transit token

Adult Fare - City of Dartmouth Ferry (incuse lettering)
ND (1967)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Aluminium • 2.88 g • ⌀ 23 mm
AC# NS 100 N, TC# 330564, N# 134019
Metro Token - Toronto Transit Commission (The Corporation of the Borough of Etobicoke)
ND (1968)

Automatic tokens › Transit token: Extension of the Bloor–Danforth line
Brass • 2.05 g • ⌀ 16.5 mm
AC# ON 900 D, Metrotoken# 3.3.2.8, N# 43779
Available for swap Metro Token - Toronto Transit Commission (The Borough of Scarborough)
1968

Automatic tokens › Transit token: Extension of the Bloor–Danforth line
Brass • 2.1 g • ⌀ 16.5 mm
AC# ON 900 E, Metrotoken# 3.3.2.5, N# 54010
Available for swap Token - Saint John Harbour Bridge Authority (Saint John, New Brunswick)
ND (1968-2008)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Trimetallic • 5.15 g • ⌀ 20 mm
WTTP# 750-A, TC# 242829, AC# NB 750 A, N# 59319
Available for swap Metro Token - Toronto Transit Commission
ND (1974)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Aluminium • 0.6 g • ⌀ 16.4 mm
AC# ON 900 F, TC# 242847, Metrotoken# 3.3.2.7, N# 154382
Toll Token - Halifax-Dartmouth Bridge Commission (Passenger Vehicle)
1975-1982

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Nickel silver • 2.5 g • ⌀ 17 mm
N# 133461
Available for swap Metro Token - Toronto Transit Commission (With mintmark)
ND (1978)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Aluminium • 0.6 g • ⌀ 16.49 mm
AC# ON 900 G, TC# 232596, Metrotoken# 3.3.2.6, N# 16988
1 Fare - Lindsay Transit (Kawartha Lakes, Ontario)
ND (1978)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Copper • 4.64 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 217310
1 Fare Bus Token - CTS (Sherbrooke, Quebec)
ND (1978-1985)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Brass • 2.5 g • ⌀ 17 mm
TC# 421919, WTTP# 850-I, N# 43020
Available for swap Toll Token - The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.
ND (1978-1990)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Copper-nickel • 5.3 g • ⌀ 24.9 mm
AC# PQ 970 C, TC# 243170, N# 26858
1 Adult Fare - Sea-bus (Vancouver, B.C.)
1979

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Brass • 7 g • ⌀ 26 mm
N# 96883
Available for swap Toll Token - Canso Causeway (Class 2)
ND (1980)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Brass • 2.49 g • ⌀ 17 mm
AC# NS 75 D, WTTP# 75-D, TC# 418785, N# 31019
Toll Token - Canso Causeway (Class 4)
ND (1980)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Copper-nickel • 6.76 g • ⌀ 26.68 mm
N# 176796
Toll Token - Canso Causeway (Class 6)
ND (1980)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Brass • ⌀ 30 mm
N# 182233
Available for swap Adult Fare - City of Dartmouth Ferry (Dartmouth, Nova Scotia)
ND (1986)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Brass • 8.14 g • ⌀ 28 mm
AC# NS 100 X, N# 88174
1 Way passage - Aquabus
ND (1986)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Plastic • 1.06 g • ⌀ 29 mm
N# 128197
Available for swap Token - Halifax-Dartmouth Bridge Commission
ND (1993-2008)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Brass • 4.6 g • ⌀ 22.3 mm
AC# NS 100 S, TC# 418789, N# 50623
Available for swap 1 Fare - Toronto Transit Commission (Bimetallic)
ND (2006-2008)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Bimetallic • 1.4 g • ⌀ 16.5 mm
AC# ON 900 J, Metrotoken# 3.3.2.9, TC# 251030, N# 36421
1 Ride - Burnaby Central Railway (Burnaby, British Columbia)
2019

Automatic tokens › Transit token: 90th Anniversary
Plastic • 3.66 g • ⌀ 38 mm
N# 299183
Available for swap Toll Token - Canadian National Railways (Victoria Bridge; 22 mm)
ND (1958)

Automatic tokens › Transit token
Copper-nickel • 4.2 g • ⌀ 22.56 mm
WTTP# PQ 620 Y, TC# 243168, N# 195284

Military token

5 Cents - Sergeants Club (Gander, Newfoundland)
ND

Confinement tokens › Military token
Brass • 5 g • ⌀ 21.1 mm
Cunningh2# CN30a, TC# 46068, Yarwood# CT066, N# 397496
50 Cents - Veteran's Co. Ltd. (Blairmore, Alberta)
ND

Confinement tokens › Military token
Brass • 9.5 g • ⌀ 29.7 mm
Stewart# C890f, TC# 475864, N# 397591
25 Cents - Veteran's Co. Ltd. (Blairmore, Alberta)
ND

Confinement tokens › Military token
Brass • 4.7 g • ⌀ 23.5 mm
Stewart# C890e, TC# 227814, N# 397589
5 Cents - Veteran's Co. Ltd. (Blairmore, Alberta)
ND

Confinement tokens › Military token
Brass • 4.7 g • ⌀ 21.3 mm
Stewart# C890b, TC# 68072, N# 397587
Token - Leamington (Ontario)
ND

Confinement tokens › Military token
Brass • 3.6 g • ⌀ 22.6 mm
N# 397513

School token

1 Sou - Caisse Scolaire (Montreal, Quebec)
ND

Confinement tokens › School token
Tin-zinc
N# 395898
10 Cents - School Bank (Quebec City)
ND

Confinement tokens › School token
Cardboard • 0.3 g • ⌀ 22 mm
N# 395679

Festival token

1 Dollar - Vancouver Sea Festival
1970

Event tokens › Festival token: The Greater Vancouver Sea Festival
Brass • 15 g • ⌀ 39 mm
Pel# BC12, N# 76831
Penticton Peach Festival Dollar (Penticton, British Columbia)
1977

Event tokens › Festival token
Nickel • 14.0 g • ⌀ 33 mm
Pel# BC48, N# 74305
Penticton Peach Festival Dollar (Penticton, British Columbia)
1978

Event tokens › Festival token
Nickel • 14.0 g • ⌀ 33 mm
Pel# BC68, N# 67855
Penticton Peach Festival Dollar (Penticton, British Columbia)
1980

Event tokens › Festival token
Nickel • 14.0 g • ⌀ 33 mm
Pel# BC113, N# 67832
Available for swap Token - Festibiere de Quebec (Gatineau, Quebec)
ND

Event tokens › Festival token
Aluminium • 1 g • ⌀ 25 mm
TC# 434798, N# 67749
1 - Festibiére Jeton (Gatineau, Quebec)
ND

Event tokens › Festival token
Aluminium • 1.8 g • ⌀ 25.4 mm
N# 387076
3 Dollars - East Coast Extravaganza (Halifax, Nova Scotia)
2007

Event tokens › Festival token
Steel • 10.67 g • ⌀ 31.8 mm
N# 324730
Available for swap 1 Dollar - "Mountain Buck" (Merritt Mountain Music Festival)
1993

Event tokens › Festival token: Merritt Mountain Music Festival
Nickel • 7.20 g • ⌀ 25.5 mm
TC# 119620, N# 159651
2 Dollars - Cavendish Beach Music Festival
ND (2011-2019)

Event tokens › Festival token
• ⌀ 25 mm
N# 188043
5 Dollars - "Mountain Bucks" (Merritt Mountain Music Festival)
1993

Event tokens › Festival token: Merritt Mountain Music Festival
Brass • 7.2 g • ⌀ 25.4 mm
N# 401258
Token - Brewfest (Ottawa, Ontario)
ND

Event tokens › Festival token
Copper-nickel • 6.16 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 277786
Token - Heritage Festival (Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario)
1969

Event tokens › Festival token
Copper • ⌀ 40 mm
N# 176381
Token - Heritage Festival (Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario)
1969

Event tokens › Festival token
Aluminium • 7.31 g • ⌀ 40 mm
N# 152819
Token - Canadian Tulip Festival (Ottawa, Ontario)
ND (1970)

Event tokens › Festival token
Gold plated bronze • ⌀ 27 mm
N# 177253
Token - Fergus Scottish Festival (Fergus, Ontario)
2005

Event tokens › Festival token
⌀ 40 mm
N# 171414

Food ration token

Available for swap Token - Canada Ration (Meat/Viande)
ND (1945)

Ration tokens › Food ration token
Cardboard • 0.6 g • ⌀ 22 mm
TC# 119576, Bo# 5546a, N# 50617

Business token

1 Dollar - Magnetic Hill, New Brunswick (Magnetic Hill Inn)
ND

Trade tokens › Business token
Copper-nickel • 14.1 g • ⌀ 33 mm
N# 174483
1 Pint - Highland Hill Dairy (Exeter, Ontario)
ND

Trade tokens › Business token
Aluminium • ⌀ 40 mm
N# 170180
1 Pint - M.B. Rickert dairy (Berlin, Ontario)
ND

Trade tokens › Business token
Aluminium • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 170015
1 Pint - Maple Lane Dairy (Kitchener, Ontario)
ND

Trade tokens › Business token
Aluminium • ⌀ 32 mm
N# 176176
1 Pint Milk - A. Van Kuyk (Beaver Creek, British Columbia)
ND

Trade tokens › Business token
Aluminium • 1.72 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 170033
1 Pint - T. Short (Ottawa, Ontario)
ND (1890-1919)

Trade tokens › Business token
Aluminium • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 177248
1 Pint - Model Dairy, R. M. Hagey (Preston, Waterloo County, Ontario)
ND (1929-1938)

Trade tokens › Business token
Aluminium • 1.9 g • 23 mm
TC# 62046, N# 134786

The Numista referee for exonumia of this issuer is bbybugs.

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