Phoenicians founded Carthage in 814 BC. Initially a dependency of the Phoenician state of Tyre, Carthage gained independence around 650 BC and soon established its political hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the western Mediterranean, becoming the centre of the Punic Empire until its destruction by the Romans in 146 BC, after the 3rd Punic war. The first Carthaginian coinage was minted in 410 or 409 BC to finance the Second Sicilian War.
Until 146 BC, Carthage issued bronze, bullion, silver, electrum and gold coins following various standards, beginning with the Attic drachm standard and then adopting its own shekel standard of 7.2g.
See also: Tunisia
Numista referee for coins of this issuer is stratocaster.
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