During the Iron Age, Britain was made up of a large number of warring Celtic tribes ranging from the Cantii in the South East to the Caledonians in the far North West. Population is estimated at around 1 million and the average life expectancy was 35-40 years. The first known coins to circulate in Britain arrived from the European continent through trade and migration and it wasn’t long before the tribal Celts began to produce their own coinage, very often mimicking the Gallo-Belgic imports. As time went on and production methods improved, regional issues began to appear with legends very often depicting the region and the name of the tribal leader of the time. This early period of British coinage came to an end with the second invasion of the British Isles by forces of the Roman Empire under the Emperor Claudius, beginning in 43 AD.
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