Chile is a long and narrow strip of land located between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, in the southwestern America. Its capital is Santiago. Chile was conquered by the Spaniards in the mid-16th Century and colonized during almost 300 years, until declaring its independence in 1818. In the 19th century, Chile grew economically and territorially, ending Mapuche resistance in the south and getting territory after the War of the Pacific (1879-1883) defeating Peru and Bolivia in the north. In the mid-20th century Chile depended economically on nitrate, and now its economy remains strong thanks to the extraction of copper. In 1973, Chile suffered a coup and instituted a 16-year long military dictatorship. In 1990 the democracy returns to the country.
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