Banknotes from the Japanese puppet states in China

Already from the start of the 20th century, the Japanese Empire was focused on expanding its territory to the Asian mainland. Following unrest between the various factions in the Republic of China, Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931 and established a state called Manchukuo in 1936. Puyi, the last Emperor of the Chinese Qing Dynasty, was invited to rule this puppet state. From 1936 the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out, a conflict that became part of the Second World War. Japan invaded Inner Mongolia, establishing a puppet state called Mengjiang. Large parts of coastal China were conquered from 1937, establishing more puppet states: Hopei or Hebei (1935-38), Provisional Government of China (1938-40, capital in Beijing), Reformed Government of China (1938-40, capital in Nanjing) and Reorganized National Government (1940-45, a merger of the 2 previous states).

See also: Republic of China, Japan, Japanese occupation of Oceania

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China › China, Japanese puppet states in › Amoy Island

1 Fen (The Amoy Industrial Bank)
(1940)

Local banknote
79 × 42 mm
P# S1655, N# 215470
5 Fen (Amoy Industrial Bank)
(1940)

Local banknote
42 × 78 mm
P# S1656, N# 214635
Available for swap 1 Chiao (The Amoy Industrial Bank)
(1940)

Local banknote
108 × 54 mm
P# S1657, N# 215471
5 Chiao (The Amoy Industrial Bank)
(1940)

Local banknote
131 × 68 mm
P# S1658, N# 215957

China › China, Japanese puppet states in › China, Provisional Government of the Republic of • Yen (1937-1945)

1 Sen (Japanese Military Occupation)
(1939)

Standard banknote
94 × 44 mm
P# M7, JNDA# 13-37, N# 239879
50 Sen (w/o block number)
(1939)

Standard banknote
120 × 58 mm
P# M14, JNDA# 13-34, N# 214740
1 Yen (Japanese Military)
(1940)

Standard banknote
130 × 65 mm
P# M 15, N# 243852
Available for swap 5 Yen (Japanese Military Occupation)
(1940)

Standard banknote
150 × 72 mm
P# M17, N# 216477
Available for swap 5 Yen
(1940)

Standard banknote
145 × 72 mm
P# M18, N# 242151
5 Yuan (Federal Reserve Bank of China)
(1941)

Standard banknote
150 × 73 mm
P# J73, N# 287642
10 Yen
(1938)

Standard banknote: 1938 ND Issues