Clay Token - Elam's & Mesopotamia heartlands - Sumerian counting system: type I numeral 36000

Clay Token - Elam's & Mesopotamia heartlands - (Sumerian counting system: type I numeral 36000) -  obverseClay Token - Elam's & Mesopotamia heartlands - (Sumerian counting system: type I numeral 36000) -  reverse

© simoneo80

Features

Type Utility items › Counter token
Years 4000 BC - 3100 BC
Value 1 Talent (6000 drachmae) = 60 mina = 3600 shekel - (60x60x10) (1/36000)
Composition Clay composite
Size 26 mm
Shape Other (Sphere)
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 71507
Numista type number (https://numista.com)

Edge

Clay Token - Elam's & Mesopotamia heartlands - (Sumerian counting system: type I numeral 36000) -  obverse

© simoneo80

Comments



Clay Tokens:Clay tokens (chalkus) came in different shapes and sizes. These represented different objects. For example, a cone shape could have represented a bag of wheat. These tokens were placed inside clay balls that were sealed. If you were sending five goats to someone, then you would put five tokens in the clay ball. When the goat arrived, the person would open the clay ball and count the tokens to make sure the correct number of goats had arrived.
The number of tokens began to be pressed on the outside of the clay balls.
Progenitor of the current Monetary Agreements and the various conventional scales of weights and measures.
In the area of Mesopotamia, the Sumerian and Elamite, made use of such objects to satisfy their needs and their intense economic activity of the fourth millennium BC



Plain tokens from Susa, Iran, late fourth millennium B.C.


Complex tokens from Susa, Iran, late fourth millennium B.C.


Envelope with its content of five spheres from Susa, Iran, late fourth millennium B.C.

Babylonian Talent: A talent (6000 drachmae) is an ancient unit of mass. The Sumerians and the Babylonians had a system where 60 shekels (weight ranging from 10 to 13 grams) formed a mine and 60 mines formed a Babylonian talent, so that was at least 36 kg.

Elam: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elam

Links: https://www.educreations.com/lesson/view/empires-of-mesopotamia/1325880/
http://archaeology.about.com/od/mesopotamiaarchaeology/fl/Clay-Tokens-The-Neolithic-Seeds-of-Mesopotamian-Writing.htm

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (4000 BC - 3200 BC)  Habuba Kabira - Period of Uruk - (clay bullae) - Mesopotamia
ND (4000 BC - 3200 BC)  Uruk - (clay bullae) - Mesopotamia
ND (4000 BC - 3100 BC)  Susa (Shūsh in persian: شوش) - Period of Uruk - (clay bullae) - Elam
ND (3700 BC - 3200 BC)  Akkad - (clay bullae) - Mesopotamia
ND (3700 BC - 3200 BC)  Babylon - Mesopotamia
ND (3700 BC - 3200 BC)  Sumer - (clay bullae) - Mesopotamia
ND (3700 BC - 3200 BC)  Zagros - Elam

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This index is based on the data of Numista members collections. It ranges from 0 to 100, 0 meaning a very common coin or banknote and 100 meaning a rare coin or banknote among Numista members.

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