Exonumia from the feudal period of France

Due to the erosion of royal power in the 10th century, some mints were taken over by local lords, secular or ecclesiastical. When Hugh Capet arrived on the throne, he mastered the minting only on the royal domain, around Paris and Orleans. Elsewhere, the right of minting is possessed by various political powers: at the level of the duchy, for example in Normandy, or at the level of local lords, such as the lords of Bourbon in Auvergne. The monetary types are nevertheless stable: the lords do not dare to change an existing type in order to preserve trust. The royal monograms in particular (that of Charles the Bald or Louis IV Transmarinus) are still minted until the end of the 12th century. But with the multiplication of these immobilized types, it happens that the engravers lose the understanding and we observe progressive degenerations of the types and legends. For two centuries, the successors of Hugh Capet enlarged the royal domain and gradually imposed the pre-eminence of royal coinage. During the 13th century, the kings of France, in particular Saint Louis and Philip the Fair, legislated to limit the circulation of feudal coins that gradually disappeared until the first half of the 14th century. The end of the Hundred Years’ War made it possible to establish a stable royal coinage and the policy of Louis XI established even more clearly the monetary hold of the king over the whole kingdom. After the introduction at the end of the 15th century of precious metals from America and the Italian art of the medal, only a few large families and exceptional enclaves within the kingdom still benefit from their own mint. The king became the undisputed master of money.

See also: France, Gaul

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France › France - Feudal › Auxerre, County of • Local administration tokens

Token - Bourgogne E Piretouy
1659

Trade tokens › Local administration token
Copper • 7.21 g • ⌀ 27 mm
F# 10149, Corre# 4004, N# 254129

France › France - Feudal › Besançon, Free imperial city of • Military awards

Medal or piece of general's right in the name of Charles V
(1538-1555)

Award medals › Military award
Silver • 62.83 g • ⌀ 47 mm
MB# 21, Dav ECT# A8941, N# 347594
Medal or piece of general's right in the name of Maximilian II
1564

Award medals › Military award
Silver
MB# 27, Dav ECT# 8942, N# 349132

France › France - Feudal › Besançon, Free imperial city of • Miscellaneous awards

Token of honor for the co-governors of Besançon - Ferdinand III
(1642-1664)

Award medals › Miscellaneous award
Gold • ⌀ 28 mm
KM# 40, N# 124366
3 Ducat
1624

Award medals › Miscellaneous award
Gold • 10.21 g
N# 134027

France › France - Feudal › Besançon, Free imperial city of • Counter tokens

Besançon, Counter token - Ferdinand II Emperor
1624

Utility items › Counter token
Copper • 7 g • ⌀ 32 mm
Feu# 10232 var., N# 329977

France › France - Feudal › Besançon, Free imperial city of • Miscellaneous tokens

Besançon token Co-Governors - Ferdinand III Emperor
(1637-1657)

Unclassified exonumia › Miscellaneous token
Copper • 6 g • ⌀ 30 mm
Feu# 10267 var., N# 330029

France › France - Feudal › Château-Regnault, Principality of • Replicas

Reproduction - Liard de François de Bourbon-Conti (petit buste)
1613

Souvenir medals › Replica
Plated copper • 6.22 g • ⌀ 24.9 mm
N# 339230

France › France - Feudal › Dombes, Principality of • Taxation tokens

Token of exemption - Louis II of Bourbon-Montpensier
1576

Trade tokens › Taxation token: Coin for mintmasters to show for exemption of duties for passage of bridges, rivers and roads
Silver • 21.70 g
Divo Dombe# 29a, Dav ECT# 8247, N# 219664

France › France - Feudal › Dombes, Principality of • Replicas

Reproduction - Teston - Louis II de Bourbon-Montpensier
1577

Souvenir medals › Replica
• 9.7 g • ⌀ 28.5 mm
N# 348785

France › France - Feudal › Dombes, Principality of • Coin patterns

Denier Tournois - Louis II (1st type; Silver pattern strike)
1576-1577

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver • 1.24 g
Divo Dombe# 58, N# 219803
Denier Tournois - Henry II (Silver pattern strike)
1599-1609

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver • 1.73 g • ⌀ 18 mm
Divo Dombe# 121-122, PA# 5152, N# 219838
Double Tournois - Louis II (1st type; Silver pattern strike)
1576

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver • 2.70 g
Divo Dombe# 54, N# 219790

France › France - Feudal › Lorraine, Duchy of • Event medals

Medal - Karl Alexander von Lothringen (Maritime advancements)
1754

Commemorative medals › Event medal
Silver • 13.79 g • ⌀ 33 mm
N# 163094

France › France - Feudal › Lorraine, Duchy of • Counter tokens

Jeton - Charles III de Lorraine "Pallas, Juno & Venus"
1589

Utility items › Counter token
Gilding metal • 4 g • ⌀ 27 mm
Feu# 7490, Corre# 3129, N# 353681

France › France - Feudal › Lorraine, Duchy of • Miscellaneous tokens

Available for swap Token - Henri II de Lorraine (Chambre des aides)
1612

Unclassified exonumia › Miscellaneous token
Bronze • 6.1 g • ⌀ 28 mm
Feu# 7530, N# 80343
Charles III
1587

Unclassified exonumia › Miscellaneous token
⌀ 28 mm
Feu# 7480, N# 295597

France › France - Feudal › Normandy, Duchy of • Fantasy currency

2 Cent
2005

Fantasy items › Fantasy currency
Copper • ⌀ 18.5 mm
X# Pn2, N# 237483
5 Cent
2005

Fantasy items › Fantasy currency
Copper • ⌀ 21 mm
X# Pn3, N# 237484
10 Cent
2005

Fantasy items › Fantasy currency
Brass • ⌀ 19 mm
X# Pn4, N# 237486
20 Cent
2005

Fantasy items › Fantasy currency
Brass • ⌀ 22.3 mm
X# Pn5, N# 237488
50 Cent
2005

Fantasy items › Fantasy currency
Brass • ⌀ 24.5 mm
X# Pn6, N# 237490
1 Euro
2005

Fantasy items › Fantasy currency
Bimetallic: nickel centre in brass ring • ⌀ 24.24 mm
X# Pn7, N# 237491
2 Euro
2005

Fantasy items › Fantasy currency
Bimetallic: nickel centre in brass ring • ⌀ 26.75 mm
X# Pn8, N# 237492

France › France - Feudal › Saint-Bertin, Abbey of • Local administration tokens

Token of 2 Deniers
1524-1526

Trade tokens › Local administration token: Ecclesiastical currency of Saint-Omer
Copper • 1.90 g • ⌀ 21 mm
Feu# 7035, N# 198213
Token of 3 Deniers
1524-1526

Trade tokens › Local administration token: Ecclesiastical currency of Saint-Omer
Copper • 1.82 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Feu# 7031, PA# 6790, N# 198215
Token of 4 Deniers
(1524-1526)

Trade tokens › Local administration token: Ecclesiastical currency of Saint-Omer
Copper • 1.67 g • ⌀ 18 mm
Feu# 7028, N# 198214
Token of 6 Deniers
1524-1526

Trade tokens › Local administration token: Ecclesiastical currency of Saint-Omer
Copper • 2.41 g • ⌀ 24 mm
Feu# 7020, N# 198216
Available for swap Token of 12 Deniers
1524-1526

Trade tokens › Local administration token
Copper • 3.9 g • ⌀ 23.5 mm
Feu# 7017, N# 56090

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