Coins from France

The Carolingian dynasty founded a unified currency facilitating the development of trade in Europe. The Carolingian pound worth 20 Sols and therefore 240 silver Deniers, is the pillar of the monetary system that will last until the French revolution. But from the 9th century, the Carolingian Empire was subject to internal and external pressures that favored the emergence of local feudal powers. Each lordship took the opportunity to mint coins, causing a certain monetary disorder for several centuries. The accession to power of Hugh Capet marked a turning point. He and his successors Louis VI, Philip Augustus and Saint Louis, imposed the royal coinage, gradually buying back the monetary rights of the feudal lords. In 1641, Louis XIII created the Louis d'Or and reintroduced the silver Ecu and the copper Liard. After 1789, coinage did not escape the revolutionary phenomenon: in 1792, coins bearing the effigy of Louis XVI were replaced by the Sol aux Balances. Then the Franc reappears (the first "Franc à Cheval" and "Franc à Pied" were minted from the 14th century), with a fixed weight and decimal subdivisions. Napoleon then introduced the gold 40F and 20F and their subdivisions, all types that would go through the restoration and revolutions until the First World War. In the interwar period, in a context of general collapse of the economy, the Franc was devalued several times. In 1960, De Gaulle created the New Franc as part of European integration and its new monetary system. Finally, the Euro replaced the Franc on July 1st, 2002.
Wikidata: Q142

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Carolingian Empire › West Francia, Kingdom of • Pound (840-987)

2 Obols = 1 Denier • 12 Deniers = 1 Solidus • 20 Solidi = 1 Carolingian Pound

Denier - Odo (Saint-Quentin mint)
(887-898)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.31 g
Nouchy# 41 (p. 245), Gariel Car# XLVII/48, Morrison# 1274, Prou Car# 254a, N# 341210
Denier - Odo (Curtisasonien mint)
(887-898)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.68 g
Nouchy# 42 (p. 245), Gariel Car# XLVII/25, Morrison# 1289, Prou Car# 417, N# 341298
Denier - Odo (Sens mint)
(887-898)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.76 g
Nouchy# 43 (p. 246), Gariel Car# XLVIII/49, Morrison# 1325, Prou Car# 581, N# 341203
Denier - Odo (Soissons mint)
(887-898)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.72 g
Nouchy# 44 (p. 246), Gariel Car# XLVIII/50, Morrison# 1279, Prou Car# 286, MEC I# I, 979, N# 341206
Denier - Odo (Toulouse mint; ODDO REX FR)
(887-898)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.35 g
Nouchy# 46 (p. 247), Gariel Car# XLVIII/52 ; 54, Morrison# 1340-1341, Prou Car# 823, MEC I# I, 988, Depeyr Car# 1012, N# 330454
Denier - Odo (Toulouse mint; ODO GRATIA D- RE)
(887-898)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.56 g
Nouchy# 48 (p. 248), Gariel Car# –, Morrison# 1337, Prou Car# 826, PA# LXXIX/11-12, N# 341413
Denier - Odo (Tours mint)
(887-898)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.54 g • ⌀ 20 mm
Nouchy# 50 (p. 248), Gariel Car# XLVIII/3-5 ; 56-58, Morrison# 1295-1307, Prou Car# 461-469, MEC I# I, 982-986, PA# XXX/19 ; 21, N# 338578
Denier - Charles III (christian legend)
(898-922)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.68 g • ⌀ 21 mm
Nouchy# 2 (p. 254), Gariel Car# XLV/68-70, Morrison# 1168-1171; 1436-1437, Prou Car# 1067-1069, N# 109948
Denier - Charles III (Macon mint)
(898-922)

Standard circulation coin
Silver
Nouchy# 29 (p. 262), Gariel Car# L/39, Morrison# –, PA# CXXVIII/3, N# 341059
Denier - Charles III (Laon mint)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.58 g
Gariel Car# L/34, Morrison# 799, Nouchy# 27 (p. 262), N# 341062
Denier - Charles III (Beauvais mint)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.55 g
Gariel Car# XLIX/8, Morrison# 1577, Nouchy# 10 (p. 257), Prou Car# 261, PA# CL/14, MEC I# I, 991, N# 346423
Denier - Charles III (Meaux mint)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver
Nouchy# 31 (p. 263), Gariel Car# L/42-43, Morrison# 1397-1398, Prou Car# –, N# 341056
Denier - Charles III (Melle mint)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.51 g • ⌀ 22 mm
Nouchy# 33 (p. 264), PA# LIII/7-13 ; LIV/1-4, 9-13, 15, N# 330273
Denier - Charles III (Paris mint; Type 2)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.13 g
Nouchy# 37 (p. 266), Gariel Car# LI/57-58, Morrison# 1391-1393, Prou Car# 334-335, MEC I# I, 996-997, N# 341001
Denier - Charles III (monastery of Saint Dionysius)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.54 g
Nouchy# 42 (p. 268), Gariel Car# LI/69, Morrison# 1396, Prou Car# 354, PA# I/11, N# 341000
Denier - Charles III (Reims mint; crescent)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.43 g
PA# CXL/7, Morrison# 1386, Nouchy# 40A (p. 267), Gariel Car# LI/62, N# 341004
Denier - Charles III (Arras mint)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.36 g
Prou Car# 215-221 ; 224-226, Morrison# 737-750, Nouchy# 1Ba (p. 251), Gariel Car# XXV/11-15 ; XLIX/3, MEC I# I, 990, N# 339539
Denier - Charles III (Reims mint; crosslet)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.42 g
Prou Car# 304, Morrison# 1385, Nouchy# 40 (p. 267), Gariel Car# LI/64, N# 341003
Denier - Charles III (Le Mans mint; temple)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.24 g
Prou Car# 428, Morrison# 911, Nouchy# 30 (p. 263), Gariel Car# L/36, PA# XXIX/11, N# 341038
Denier - Charles III (Angers mint)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.45 g
Prou Car# 438, Morrison# 1408, Nouchy# 6 (p. 256), Gariel Car# XLIX/1-2, Depeyr Car# 46, N# 341151
Denier - Charles III (Chateaudun)
(898-923)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.55 g
Prou Car# 502, Morrison# 939-940 ; 942, Nouchy# 23 (p. 260), Gariel Car# XXVIII/75 ; L/26, N# 341085
Denier - Ralph (Brioude mint)
(923-936)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.20 g
Nouchy# –, Morrison# –, N# 350145
Denier - Ralph (Angouleme mint)
(923-936)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.55 g
Nouchy# 1 (p. 273), Gariel Car# LIII/1, Morrison# 1612, Prou Car# 788, Depeyr Car# 49, N# 340969
Denier - Ralph (Chalons-sur-Marne mint)
(923-936)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.44 g
Nouchy# 7 (p. 274), Gariel Car# –, Morrison# –, Prou Car# –, N# 340955
Denier - Ralph (Langres mint)
(923-936)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.40 g
Nouchy# 23 (p. 279), Gariel Car# LIII/22, Morrison# 1609, Prou Car# –, N# 340971
Denier - Ralph (Nogent mint)
(923-936)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 0.97 g
Nouchy# 29 (p. 281), Gariel Car# LIV/29, Morrison# 1613, PA# XXXIX/12, N# 339862
Denier - Louis IV (Rouen mint)
(936-954)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.96 g • ⌀ 20.5 mm
Morrison# 1625-1630, Nouchy# 20-23 (p. 294), Prou Car# 390-392, Gariel Car# LVI/27-29, N# 331808
Denier - Louis IV (Angouleme mint)
(936-954)

Standard circulation coin
Silver
Morrison# 1646, Nouchy# 1 (p. 287), Depeyr Car# 50, PA# LVII/1, N# 340806
Denier - Louis IV (Chinon mint)
(936-954)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.38 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Nouchy# 9 (p. 290), Gariel Car# LV/6-7, Morrison# 1631, Prou Car# 470, PA# XXXII/2-3, N# 339867
Denier - Louis IV (Langres mint)
(936-954)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.37 g
Nouchy# 11 (p. 291), Gariel Car# LV/10, Morrison# 1636, Prou Car# 611, PA# CXXXV/5, MEC I# I, 1004, N# 339865
Denier - Louis IV (Nevers mint)
(936-954)

Standard circulation coin
Silver
Nouchy# 15 (p. 292), Morrison# 1634, N# 340804
Denier - Louis IV (Saintes mint)
(936-954)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.21 g • ⌀ 22 mm
Nouchy# 24 (p. 296), Gariel Car# LVIII/2, Morrison# 1648, PA# LVIII/10-13, Depeyr Car# 911, N# 339869
Denier - Lothair II (Troyes mint)
(954-967)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.34 g • ⌀ 22.1 mm
Nouchy# –, N# 330419
Denier - Lothair II (Arras mint; type 2)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver
Nouchy# 2 (p. 299), Gariel Car# XLVI/1, Morrison# 1656, PA# CLVII/7, N# 340796
Denier - Lothair II (Bordeaux mint)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.32 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Nouchy# 3 (p. 299), Gariel Car# LVI/4, Morrison# 1682, N# 330279
Denier - Lothair II (Bourges mint; temple)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.20 g • ⌀ 20 mm
Nouchy# 7 (p. 300), Gariel Car# LVII/9, Prou Car# 755-756, Morrison# 1672 ; 1674 ; 1676-1677, N# 330450
Denier - Lothair II (Bourges mint; monogram)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.46 g • ⌀ 27 mm
Nouchy# 9 (p. 301), Gariel Car# LVI/6 ; LVII/7, Morrison# 1666 ; 1668 ; 1670-1671, Prou Car# 758-759, Depeyr Car# 207, N# 330277
Denier - Lothair II (Chalon mint)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.20 g • ⌀ 21 mm
Nouchy# 11 (p. 302), Gariel Car# LVII/12, Morrison# 1663, Prou Car# 622-623, MEC I# I, 1005, N# 330283
Denier - Lothair II (Chinon mint; bust)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.12 g
Nouchy# 13 (p. 303), N# 340679
Denier - Lothair II (Macon mint)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.15 g
Nouchy# 17 (p. 304), Gariel Car# LVII/17-18, Morrison# 1664-1665, Prou Car# 624-625, MEC I# I, 1006, N# 340674
Denier - Lothair II (Melun mint)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.34 g
Nouchy# 19 (p. 304), Gariel Car# LVII/21, Morrison# 1662, Prou Car# 373, N# 340671
Denier - Lothair II (Noyon mint)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver
Nouchy# 20 (p. 305), N# 340670
Denier - Lothair II (Soissons mint; temple)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.39 g
Nouchy# 23 (p. 305), Morrison# 1659, N# 340668
Denier - Lothair II (abbey Saint Philibert of Tournus)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.21 g
Nouchy# 24 (p. 306), Gariel Car# LVII/25, Morrison# 1191, N# 340666
Denier - Lothair II (Troyes mint)
(954-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.72 g
Nouchy# 26 (p. 306), Morrison# 1259, Prou Car# 548, N# 348849
Denier - Lothair II and Emma
(966-986)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.18 g
N# 350151
Solidus - Charles II (Melle mint; monogram)
(840-864)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 3.25 g • ⌀ 27.5 mm
Morrison# 1062, Nouchy# 38 (p. 132), PA# LII/20, Prou Car# –, MEC I# I, 965, N# 343374

France • Menut

Available for swap Menut de Perpignan - Louis XIV
1644-1651

Standard circulation coin
Copper • 1.4 g • ⌀ 15 mm
Dy royales# 1611, N# 139138

France • Livre Parisis (987-1203)

12 Deniers parisis = 1 Sol parisis • 20 Sols parisis = 1 Livre parisis

Obol - Hugh Capet and bishop Hervé (Beauvais mint)
ND (987-996)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.56 g
Dy royales# 2, Ciani# 14, LP# 7, N# 347266
Obol - Robert II (Paris mint)
ND (996-1031)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.68 g • ⌀ 17 mm
Dy royales# 5, Ciani# 19, LP# 12, N# 353886

The Numista referees for coins of this issuer are Compendium and Goldxi65.

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