Exonumia from France

The Carolingian dynasty founded a unified currency facilitating the development of trade in Europe. The Carolingian pound worth 20 Sols and therefore 240 silver Deniers, is the pillar of the monetary system that will last until the French revolution. But from the 9th century, the Carolingian Empire was subject to internal and external pressures that favored the emergence of local feudal powers. Each lordship took the opportunity to mint coins, causing a certain monetary disorder for several centuries. The accession to power of Hugh Capet marked a turning point. He and his successors Louis VI, Philip Augustus and Saint Louis, imposed the royal coinage, gradually buying back the monetary rights of the feudal lords. In 1641, Louis XIII created the Louis d'Or and reintroduced the silver Ecu and the copper Liard. After 1789, coinage did not escape the revolutionary phenomenon: in 1792, coins bearing the effigy of Louis XVI were replaced by the Sol aux Balances. Then the Franc reappears (the first "Franc à Cheval" and "Franc à Pied" were minted from the 14th century), with a fixed weight and decimal subdivisions. Napoleon then introduced the gold 40F and 20F and their subdivisions, all types that would go through the restoration and revolutions until the First World War. In the interwar period, in a context of general collapse of the economy, the Franc was devalued several times. In 1960, De Gaulle created the New Franc as part of European integration and its new monetary system. Finally, the Euro replaced the Franc on July 1st, 2002.
Wikidata: Q142

See also: French notgeld, French colonies, France - Feudal, Unified Carolingian Empire, Frankish Kingdom

Display options15 547 results found.
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France • Coin patterns

40 Francs (pattern uniface by Barre)
(1824)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern: 40 francs competition of 1824
Tin • 6.19 g • ⌀ 26 mm
VG# 2562, Maz# 847, Gad# 1093, N# 169797
100 Francs - Charles X (Pattern)
(1824)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Gold (.900) • 32.258 g
Maz# 886, VG# 2670, N# 310558
100 Francs (Essai)
1878

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Gold (.900) • 32.25806 g • ⌀ 35 mm
KM# E34, Maz# 2112a, N# 338669
Essai pour le type conventionnel
1792

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Bronze (Bell metal) • 12.8 g • ⌀ 27 mm
VG# 391, N# 222532
Metal trial (pattern by Muller)
(1795)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Billon • 4.95 g • ⌀ 25.5 mm
VG# 481, Maz# 327, N# 171437
Pattern by Lorthior on modul of 5 Décimes
(1799)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Billon • 4.05 g • ⌀ 23 mm
VG# 830, Maz# 585 var., N# 194507
Essai de bronze au module de 2 centimes, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte 1851 Paris
1851

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Bronze • 2.03 g • ⌀ 20 mm
VG# 3292, Maz# 1374, N# 290700
Essai TM 4 uniface
1891

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Aluminium • 0.92 g • ⌀ 22 mm
GEM# 260.3, N# 165990
Essai de fabrication de monnaie à 12 pans
1938

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Copper-nickel • ⌀ 19.5 mm
VG# 5489 G, Maz# 2618 b), GEM# 271.2 / 271.3, N# 165957
Essai de frappe au module de 1 franc, 8 pans
1955

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Aluminium • 1.70 g • ⌀ 23.11 mm
N# 166154
1 Centime (Epi, flan vierge)
(1960-2001)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Stainless steel • 1.67 g • ⌀ 15 mm
F# 106 Var., GEM# 4.1, N# 191776
1 centime Epi (Essai de frappe en aluminium)
(1961)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Aluminium • 0.66 g • ⌀ 16 mm
GEM# 4.2, N# 197815
1 Centime (Epreuve de contrôle d'avers)
(1961)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Lead • 42 g • ⌀ 15 mm
GEM# 4.9, N# 197842
1 Centime (pattern for reverse check)
1961

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Lead • 46 g • ⌀ 15 mm
GEM# 4.10, N# 197843
5 centimes Epi (Flan vièrge)
(1960-2001)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Stainless steel • 3.3 g • ⌀ 19 mm
GEM# 21.1, N# 200005
5 centimes Marianne (Flan vièrge)
(1960-2001)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Copper-aluminium-nickel • 2 g • ⌀ 17 mm
GEM# 22.1, N# 200177
5 centimes Marianne (Essai de frappe en cupro-aluminium-nickel)vièrge)
(1960-2001)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Copper-aluminium-nickel • 2 g • ⌀ 16.5 mm
GEM# 22.2, N# 200183
5 centimes Marianne (Essai de frappe en aluminium)
(1960-2001)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Aluminium • 0.65 g • ⌀ 16.5 mm
GEM# 22.3, N# 200185
5 centimes Marianne (Essai de frappe en cupro-aluminium-nickel)
(1960-2001)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Copper-aluminium-nickel • 2.1 g • ⌀ 17.5 mm
GEM# 22.4, N# 200188
5 centimes Epi (Essai de frappe en aluminium)
(1961)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Aluminium • 1 g • ⌀ 19 mm
GEM# 21.3, N# 200008
5 centimes Epi (Epreuve uniface de contrôle d'avers en plomb)
(1961)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Lead • 51 g
GEM# 21.9, N# 200029
5 Centimes Epi (Epreuve uniface de contrôle de revers en plomb)
1961

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Lead • 53 g
GEM# 21.10, N# 200150
5 Centimes Marianne (Epreuve de contrôle d'avers en plomb)
(1966)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Lead • 53 g
GEM# 22.5, N# 200193
5 centimes Marianne (Epreuve de contrôle de revers en plomb)
1966

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Lead • 48 g
GEM# 22.6, N# 200195
Mint Token (Trial strike)
(1959-1962)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Copper-aluminium-nickel • 4 g • ⌀ 22.5 mm
GEM# 56.3, N# 110554
Essai de frappe pour la 2 francs Semeuse
(1973)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Nickel • 7.94 g • ⌀ 25.5 mm
N# 166190
5 Francs Semeuse (pattern)
(1969-2001)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Copper-nickel • 10.05 g • ⌀ 28 mm
F# 341/1 var., N# 166189
Monnaie de Paris Tourist Token - Monnaie de Paris (Etablissement de Pessac)
(1974)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Aluminium-nickel-bronze • 10.96 g • ⌀ 29.99 mm
GEM# 232.3, N# 120836
10 Francs (trial strike, small module)
(1986)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Nickel • 4.92 g • ⌀ 18.5 mm
Gad# 822, GEM# 194.3, N# 165565
Available for swap Essai de frappe de 10 francs Jimenez, (grand module, cinq séries de cannelures)
(1986)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Nickel • 6.47 g • ⌀ 20.9 mm
GEM# 194.6, Gad# 822 a var., N# 168473
10 Francs (trial strike, bimétallique)
(1987)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Aluminium-nickel-bronze • 6.44 g • ⌀ 22.86 mm
Gad# 826, GEM# 19612, N# 165567
Available for swap Essai de frappe de 20 francs, bimétallique (type 1)
(1987)

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Bimetallic: aluminium-nickel-bronze centre • 9 g • ⌀ 27 mm
GEM# 214.4, N# 168771
500 Francs (Charlemagne - Pattern)
1990

Coin patterns › Coin pattern: Charlemagne
Platinum (.9995) • 20.04 g
N# 303312
Token - Essai de Frappe

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Bimetallic • 6.47 g • ⌀ 22.9 mm
N# 285839
Essai de frappe au balancier par Tournu 1797, module de 5 francs en bronze
1797

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Bronze • 23.95 g • ⌀ 36.5 mm
Maz# 385a, VG# 526, N# 294319
Token - One sided pattern strike Paris au Havre Chemin de fer de Paris à la mer
1838

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Lead • 153.6 g • ⌀ 57.5 mm
N# 98831
Available for swap Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1982)
1980

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver (.925) • 6.45 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 199616
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1981)
1981

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver (.925) • 6.45 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 199618
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1982)
1982

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver (.925) • 6.45 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 192822
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1983)
1983

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver (.925) • 6.45 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 200228
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1984)
1984

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver (.925) • 6.45 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 200233
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1985)
1985

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Florentine bronze • 6 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 151280
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1986)
1986

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver (.925) • 6.45 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 200347
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1986)
1986

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Gold (.999) • 6.45 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 234415
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1987)
1987

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Florentine bronze • 6 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 151285
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1988)
1988

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Florentine bronze • 5.85 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 152364
Token - Révolution Française (Projet 1988)
1988

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver (.925) • 6.45 g • ⌀ 21 mm
N# 200355
⅛ Écu - Louis XIII (Piéfort)
1618

Coin patterns › Coin pattern
Silver (.917) • 19.2 g • ⌀ 28.4 mm
Dy# cf. 1333, N# 337160

France • Contemporary counterfeits

Faux d époque de 50 centimes Cérès, Troisième République 1881 Paris
1881

Contemporary counterfeits › Contemporary counterfeit
Silver plated copper • 2.18 g • ⌀ 18 mm
F# 189/9var, N# 331340
Counterfeit - 5 Francs Napoleon III (laureate head)
1861-1868

Contemporary counterfeits › Contemporary counterfeit
Bimetallic • 25 g • ⌀ 37 mm
N# 74349

The Numista referee for exonumia of this issuer is PLH28.

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