Exonumia from France

The Carolingian dynasty founded a unified currency facilitating the development of trade in Europe. The Carolingian pound worth 20 Sols and therefore 240 silver Deniers, is the pillar of the monetary system that will last until the French revolution. But from the 9th century, the Carolingian Empire was subject to internal and external pressures that favored the emergence of local feudal powers. Each lordship took the opportunity to mint coins, causing a certain monetary disorder for several centuries. The accession to power of Hugh Capet marked a turning point. He and his successors Louis VI, Philip Augustus and Saint Louis, imposed the royal coinage, gradually buying back the monetary rights of the feudal lords. In 1641, Louis XIII created the Louis d'Or and reintroduced the silver Ecu and the copper Liard. After 1789, coinage did not escape the revolutionary phenomenon: in 1792, coins bearing the effigy of Louis XVI were replaced by the Sol aux Balances. Then the Franc reappears (the first "Franc à Cheval" and "Franc à Pied" were minted from the 14th century), with a fixed weight and decimal subdivisions. Napoleon then introduced the gold 40F and 20F and their subdivisions, all types that would go through the restoration and revolutions until the First World War. In the interwar period, in a context of general collapse of the economy, the Franc was devalued several times. In 1960, De Gaulle created the New Franc as part of European integration and its new monetary system. Finally, the Euro replaced the Franc on July 1st, 2002.
Wikidata: Q142

See also: French notgeld, French colonies, France - Feudal, Unified Carolingian Empire, Frankish Kingdom

Display options15 557 results found.
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France • Car wash tokens

Car Wash Token - N.S. Ferrum S.A. (Aluminium-bronze)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Aluminium-bronze • 4.37 g • ⌀ 22.5 mm
N# 124475
Available for swap Car Wash Token - N.S. Ferrum S.A. (Copper-nickel)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 4.37 g • ⌀ 22.5 mm
N# 67237
Car Wash Token - N.S. Ferrum SA

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Aluminium-bronze • ⌀ 26 mm
N# 124581
Car Wash Token - Natur' autolav

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Nickel • 6.76 g • ⌀ 24 mm
N# 120507
Car Wash Token - Net'Auto

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-aluminium-nickel • 4.90 g • ⌀ 21.70 mm
N# 182038
Available for swap Car Wash Token - OKI

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 7.16 g • ⌀ 27 mm
N# 60765
Available for swap Car Wash Token - OKI

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 7.3 g • ⌀ 27.0 mm
N# 274470
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Planete Lavage

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 4.38 g • ⌀ 18.40 mm
N# 112076
Car Wash Token - Progéral

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 5 g • ⌀ 27 mm
N# 150749
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Progeral

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 8 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 23419
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Progeral Osmosjet

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-aluminium-nickel • 9.49 g • ⌀ 27 mm
N# 112159
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Réseau Éléphant Bleu

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 3.78 g • ⌀ 19.00 mm
N# 20340
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Réseau Éléphant Bleu

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 3.80 g • ⌀ 19 mm
N# 63443
Car Wash Token - Savoy Lav'auto

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
4.65 g • ⌀ 24 mm
N# 109551
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Sec à 9 Quick-matic

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 6.98 g • ⌀ 27 mm
N# 72296
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Sparetech (3 grooves)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 6.20 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 53939
Car Wash Token - Speed Clean (Racquinghem)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 7.78 g • ⌀ 26 mm
N# 175849
Available for swap Car Wash Token - SpeedWash

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Nickel • 5.11 g • ⌀ 22 mm
N# 140329
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Starwash

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Steel • 5.15 g • ⌀ 24 mm
N# 174207
Car Wash Token - Superclean

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Nickel plated steel • 6.26 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 157564
Car Wash Token - Superjet Lamballe

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Stainless steel • 4.82 g • ⌀ 24.04 mm
N# 134596
Car Wash Token - Thalass' Auto

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 5.73 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 126895
Car Wash Token - Total

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 7.85 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 106439
Car Wash Token - Univers Bleu

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
• 7.64 g • ⌀ 24.0 mm
N# 191245
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Wash Dom

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
⌀ 23 mm
N# 161009
Car Wash Token - Washop!

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Steel • 5 g • ⌀ 24 mm
N# 174212
Available for swap Car Wash Token (22 mm)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Stainless steel • 6.40 g • ⌀ 22 mm
N# 217570
Available for swap Car Wash Token (27 mm)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 7 g • ⌀ 27 mm
N# 23422
Available for swap Car Wash Token (Ram)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
7.87 g • ⌀ 28 mm
N# 127829
Available for swap Car Wash Token (Seal)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
⌀ 20 mm
N# 135502
Available for swap Car Wash Token (Whale)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 5.50 g • ⌀ 23.50 mm
N# 137767
Car Wash Tokens - Lav'Azur

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Steel • 5.50 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 182127
Available for swap Carwash Token - Briançon

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
4.50 g • ⌀ 19 mm
N# 139142
Available for swap Jeton de Lavage Automobile

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 4.40 g • ⌀ 18.5 mm
N# 235100
Jeton de lavage OKI

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 4.35 g • ⌀ 17.5 mm
N# 346165
Available for swap Vacuum cleaner Token - Aspinox (18.5 mm)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 4.5 g • ⌀ 18.5 mm
N# 154794
Available for swap Vacuum cleaner Token - Aspinox (22 mm)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 6.50 g • ⌀ 22 mm
N# 44659
Wash Token - Eco Cline

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
4 g • ⌀ 18 mm
N# 104988
Available for swap Blank Token (With a hole; Copper-nickel; 24 mm)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 4.22 g • ⌀ 24 mm
N# 169752
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Super Wash

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
• 7.84 g • ⌀ 22.0 mm
N# 191243
Car Wash Token - Roullé Propre

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Nickel • 6.42 g • ⌀ 22.1 mm
N# 276032
Car Wash Token - Super Car Wash Montigny

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Bimetallic: copper-nickel centre in brass ring • 5.54 g • ⌀ 24.4 mm
N# 275988
Car Wash Token - L'auto - E. Leclerc
(2020)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
⌀ 25 mm
N# 210313
Car Wash Token - Lavage L'Aquarium

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
(White Metal) • 6 g • ⌀ 24 mm
TC# 453374, CarWash# 9550-A, N# 342349
ATLANTIDE Car Wash 81300 GRAULHET

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Nickel plated steel • 2.5 g • ⌀ 24 mm
N# 353370
Available for swap Car Wash Token - B’W Lavage Independant

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Bimetallic • 6.5 g • ⌀ 26 mm
N# 147742
Available for swap Car wash token - E. Leclerc 2

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 6.10 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 344322
Car Wash Token - Hydrowash

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Brass • 6.4 g • ⌀ 22.0 mm
N# 120011
Available for swap Car Wash Token - Lavage auto S.D.A. (2CV)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Copper-nickel • 7.05 g • ⌀ 25.05 mm
N# 345506
Available for swap Car Wash Token - OKI (Steel)

Automatic tokens › Car wash token
Steel • 6.45 g • ⌀ 27.00 mm
N# 345548

The Numista referee for exonumia of this issuer is PLH28.

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