Coins from the royal period of France
Founded by Clovis I in 496 after the Western Roman Empire's fall in 476, the Kingdom of France was one of the domains of the Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne, becoming known in 9th century Europe as West Francia. Throughout the Middle Ages, France expanded in size, stopping the Moors at the battle of Tours, and then annexing Normandy and Brittany into France. Various wars were fought against England (1337-1453), the Italian States (1494-1497) and the Holy Roman Empire (1618-1648), with the country becoming an absolute monarchy under the Bourbon dynasty. It was the foremost power in continental Europe under Louis XIV's conquests in various wars of succession, but the loss of France's American colonies in 1763 to Great Britain marked the beginning of a period of stagnation, made worse by the financial deficit created by the funding of America's rebellion in 1778-1783, eventually culminating in the French Revolution of 1789. France used the Livre Tournois from 985 onwards, until the Franc replaced it in 1795.
Gold • 1 g • ⌀ 10 mm
Silver • 1.13 g • ⌀ 12 mm
Silver • 0.75 g • ⌀ 16 mm
Silver • 1.68 g • ⌀ 21 mm
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