Coins from the County of Hainaut

Due to the erosion of royal power in the 10th century, some mints were taken over by local lords, secular or ecclesiastical. When Hugh Capet arrived on the throne, he mastered the minting only on the royal domain, around Paris and Orleans. Elsewhere, the right of minting is possessed by various political powers: at the level of the duchy, for example in Normandy, or at the level of local lords, such as the lords of Bourbon in Auvergne. The monetary types are nevertheless stable: the lords do not dare to change an existing type in order to preserve trust. The royal monograms in particular (that of Charles the Bald or Louis IV Transmarinus) are still minted until the end of the 12th century. But with the multiplication of these immobilized types, it happens that the engravers lose the understanding and we observe progressive degenerations of the types and legends. For two centuries, the successors of Hugh Capet enlarged the royal domain and gradually imposed the pre-eminence of royal coinage. During the 13th century, the kings of France, in particular Saint Louis and Philip the Fair, legislated to limit the circulation of feudal coins that gradually disappeared until the first half of the 14th century. The end of the Hundred Years’ War made it possible to establish a stable royal coinage and the policy of Louis XI established even more clearly the monetary hold of the king over the whole kingdom. After the introduction at the end of the 15th century of precious metals from America and the Italian art of the medal, only a few large families and exceptional enclaves within the kingdom still benefit from their own mint. The king became the undisputed master of money.
Wikidata: Q309460

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Gros (1071-1506)

1 Florin = 40 Gros • 1 Patard = 2 Gros • 1 Gros = 12 Deniers • 1 Gros = 24 Mites • 1 Cavalier d'Or = 30 Patards = 60 Gros • 1 Lion d'Or = 24 Patards = 48 Gros

Maille - Johanna of Constantinople
ND (1205-1244)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.42 g • ⌀ 12.3 mm
Hainaut# 10-11, Boudeau# 2085, N# 94853
Maille - Anonymous (Joan of Constantinople)
ND (1206-1240)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.52 g • ⌀ 14.5 mm
Hainaut# 4, Boudeau# 2083, N# 95645
1 Mite - Jacqueline of Bavaria
ND (1417-1433)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.0 g
Hainaut# 145, N# 313738
Denier - Régnier V (Mons)
ND (1013-1039)

Standard circulation coin
Silver
Kluge Kar# 287, N# 372083
2 Mites - William I
ND (1304-1387)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 0.6 g • ⌀ 14.1 mm
Vanhoudt# G484, N# 94855
2 Mites - Margaret II of Avesnes
ND (1345-1356)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.0 g
Hainaut# 89, N# 314752
4 Mites - Albert of Bavaria
ND (1389-1404)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.5 g
Hainaut# 120, N# 314093
4 Mites - Jacqeline and John IV of Brabant
ND (1418-1427)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.55 g
N# 313844
2 Denier - Philip the Good
ND (1434-1467)

Standard circulation coin
Billon (.040 silver) • 2.27 g • ⌀ 26 mm
GH# 14-3, Vanhoudt# 10·VAL, N# 95706
Sterling - John II of Avesnes
ND (1280-1290)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.36 g • ⌀ 19.5 mm
Hainaut# 36, Boudeau# 2096, Mayhew Sterling# 24, N# 95647
Sterling "with Lion Shield"- John II of Avesnes
ND (1280-1304)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.3 g
Hainaut# 20, Boudeau# 2092, N# 314831
Sterling - John II of Avesnes (Maubege)
ND (1280-1304)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.3 g
Hainaut# 41, Mayhew Sterling# 39, N# 314861
Sterling - John II of Avesnes (Mons)
ND (1291-1295)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.3 g
Hainaut# 37, Boudeau# 2097, Mayhew Sterling# 34, N# 314833
Sterling "with Lozenge" William I of Avesnes
ND (1304-1337)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.26 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Namur# 52, Boudeau# 2112, N# 95644
1⁄3 Groat - William II of Avesnes
ND (1337-1345)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.2 g
Hainaut# 74, Boudeau# 2119, N# 314993
⅓ Groat - Margaret II of Avesnes
ND (1345-1356)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.32 g
Hainaut# 83, N# 314635
⅓ Groat - William III of Bavaria
ND (1356-1389)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.36 g
Hainaut# 102, N# 314424
1⁄2 Groat "with Lion" - John II of Avesnes
ND (1298-1299)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.9 g • ⌀ 22 mm
Hainaut# 30, Hainaut# 32, N# 315661
½ Groat "with Knight" - John II of Avesnes
ND (1300-1302)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.1 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Hainaut# Suppl LXIII, 26, Boudeau# 2095, N# 95313
½ Groat "with Knight" - John II of Avesnes
ND (1302-1303)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.4 g
Hainaut# 27, Boudeau# 2094, N# 315000
½ Groat "with Knight" - William I of Avesnes
ND (1304-1337)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.0 g
Hainaut# 45, N# 315604
Bourgeois - William I
ND (1311-1314)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.19 g • ⌀ 18.5 mm
Boudeau# 2114, Hainaut# 62, N# 96741
1⁄2 Groat "Eskielois" - William I of Avesnes
ND (1312-1313)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.95 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Hainaut# 47, Boudeau# 2106, N# 315565
½ Groat "obol blanche" - William I of Avesnes
ND (1326-1329)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.8 g
Hainaut# 50, Boudeau# 2107, N# 315743
½ Groat - William II of Avesnes
ND (1337-1345)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 2.0 g
Hainaut# 70, N# 314994
½ Groat - Albert of Bavaria
ND (1389-1404)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.0 g
Hainaut# Sup. XLVI, N# 314085
½ Groat "Drielander" - Jacqueline and John IV of Brabant
ND (1420-1421)

Standard circulation coin
Billon (.320 silver) • 1.1 g
Hainaut# 150, N# 313842
2 Sterlings - Margaret I of Constantinople
ND (1269-1280)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.68 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Hainaut# 13, Boudeau# 2090, N# 314744
2 Sterlings - Margaret I of Constantinople
ND (1269-1280)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.7 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Hainaut# 19, Hainaut# 18, Boudeau# 2091, N# 314648
Groat "Tournois" or "Old Groat" - John II of Avesnes
ND (1280-1304)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 4.0 g • ⌀ 24 mm
Hainaut# 22, Boudeau# 2101, N# 315262
Groschen Tournois - John II of Avesnes
ND (1303-1304)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 4.0 g • ⌀ 25 mm
Hainaut# 24, Boudeau# 2102, N# 315267
Groat "Tournois" - William I of Avesnes
ND (1306-1309)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 4.0 g
Hainaut# 53, N# 315559
Groat "with Lion" - William II of Avensnes
ND (1337-1345)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.8 g • ⌀ 26 mm
Hainaut# 71, Boudeau# 2118, N# 314784
Groat - William II
ND (1338-1339)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.3 g • ⌀ 24.5 mm
Hainaut# 67, N# 95648
Groat "with Lion" - William II of Avesnes
ND (1339-1343)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.8 g • ⌀ 26 mm
Hainaut# 73, N# 314788
Groat "Courtois" - William II of Avesnes
ND (1344)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.8 g
Hainaut# 69, N# 314780
Groat "with Lions" - William II of Avesnes
ND (1344-1345)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.4 g
Hainaut# 66, N# 314753
Groat "with Monogram" - Margaret II of Avesnes
ND (1345-1356)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 4.4 g • ⌀ 30 mm
Hainaut# 82, Boudeau# 2122, N# 314586
Groat "with Eagle" - Margaret II of Avesnes (13 lilies)
ND (1345-1356)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.8 g • ⌀ 31 mm
Hainaut# 84, N# 314583
Groat "with Eagle" - Margaret II of Avesnes (12 lilies)
ND (1345-1356)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.1 g
Hainaut# 85, N# 314584
Groat "with Monogram" - William III of Bavaria
ND (1356-1389)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.2 g • ⌀ 30 mm
Hainaut# 101, Boudeau# 2130, N# 314187
Groat "Tournois" - WIlliam III of Bavaria
ND (1361-1389)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.35 g
Hainaut# 103, N# 314191
Groat "with Monogram" - Albert of Bavaria
ND (1389-1404)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.8 g
Hainaut# 123, N# 314013
Groat - Albert of Bavaria
ND (1389-1404)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.6 g
Hainaut# Suppl, XVIII, N# 314083
Groat "with Eagle" - Albert of Bavaria
ND (1389-1404)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.3 g
VanH Atlas# G 541, N# 313947
1 Groat "Botdrager" - William IV of Bavaria
ND (1404-1417)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.4 g
Hainaut# 134, N# 313884
Groat - William IV of Bavaria
ND (1404-1417)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.26 g
Hainaut# 136, N# 313893
Groat "Drielander" - Jacqueline and John IV of Brabant
ND (1420-1421)

Standard circulation coin
Billon (.320 silver) • 2.1 g
Hainaut# 149, N# 313839
Groat "Vierlander" - Philip the Good
ND (1434-1440)

Standard circulation coin
Silver (.500) • 1.4 g
GH# 10-3, N# 313763
2 Groats "Gros Vaillant" - William III of Bavaria
ND (1355-1389)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.23 g • ⌀ 31 mm
Boudeau# 2130, Hainaut# 101, N# 75157

The Numista referees for coins of this issuer are Compendium and tdziemia.

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