Coins from the Islamic states

Islamic state (in Arabic, ad-dawlah al-islamīyah) is a kind of government (monarchy, republic or democracy) based on Islamic religious law. The Caliphate is a form of monarchic government headed by the Caliph (in Arabic, khalīfa) who is the regent, acting as successor of Muhammad. Second in command after the Caliph, with political and military roles, is the Emir (in Arabic, amīr) literally a "commander". Another sovereign title used by numerous Arab and non-Arab dynasties is the Sultan (in Arabic, sulṭān, "strength", "authority") supreme head of Sunni Islam and ruler in the Ottoman Empire. Arab Bedouin, led by the Prophet Muhammad, starting from 7th century with the Islamic expansion, conquered a huge territory, divulgating or converting different peoples, and continued until the 18th century thanks to the Ottoman and Mughal Empires. After Muhammad's death, the first Caliphate was established. During this first Caliphate, called the Rashidun Caliphate (in Arabic, Khilāfat al-Rāshidūn "Caliphate of the Orthodox") that spanned from 632 to 661, the Umma was governed by the four chosen Caliphs: Abū Bakr, marUmar ibn al-Khattāb, ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān and ʿAlī b. Abi Tālib. The "Orthodox" Caliphate was replaced by the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750) which was governed by the Umayyad dynasty (in Arabic, al-'Umawiyyūn or Banū'Umayya "Sons of Umayya"), coming from Mecca. After toppling the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid revolution, the Abbasid Caliphate (in Arabic, ʿAbbāsiyyūn) was established and lasted from 750 to 1258. The culmination of the Abbasid power was under Hārūn al-Rashīd. His life and fabulous court have been the subject of many anecdotes; the famous tale "One Thousand and One Nights" contains many stories inspired by the myth of his magnificent court. The Fatimid Caliphate (in Arabic, Fāṭimiyyūn) constituted, between 909 and 1171, the most important Ismaili Shiite dynasty in the whole history of Islam and owes its name to the descent from Fātima bt. Muhammad, daughter of the prophet Muhammad. In the mid-11th century, the Seljuks won over the Fatimids in Syria and the loss of Palestine followed, after the Crusades and Saladin's victory in Egypt, marking the end of the Arab empire and the beginning of the new Ayyubid dynasty. After the destruction of the Abbasid Empire by the Mughal Dynasty, the Ottoman Empire came to power. In 1453, it conquered Constantinople, renamed it Istanbul and made it the capital of the empire. Today there are about 1.1 billion Muslims and, not only being Arab, Islam is represented in many major cultures in over 60 countries.
Wikidata: Q4204060

Display options2277 results found.
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Islamic states › Greater Iran › Sarbedaran dynasty • Dinar (1332-1386)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

½ Dinar " Mithqal" - 'Ali Mu'ayyad
763-786 (1362-1384)

Gold • 2 g • ⌀ 13 mm
A# 811, N# 135081

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Sarbedaran dynasty • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 AR Dinar - temp. Shams al-Din 'Ali (Nishapur)
748 (1347)

Silver • 6.84 g • ⌀ 28 mm
A# 2335, N# 385940
6 Dirhams - temp. Hasan Damghani (Sabzawar)
759 (1358)

Silver • 3.83 g • ⌀ 25 mm
A# 2338, N# 385939

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Shabankara, Atabegs of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dinar - Jalal ad-Din Tayyibshah
676 (1277)

Gold • 12.00 g
A# G1941, N# 385631
1 Dinar - Isma'il bin Muhammad
ND (1282)

Gold • 4.45 g
A# H1941, N# 382011

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Su'lukid dynasty • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dinar - Ahmad b. 'Ali (al-Muhammadiya)
ND (917-924)

Gold • 3.79 g
A# 1481, N# 382220

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Tabriz, Emirate of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dinar - Anonymous
759 (1358)

Silver • ⌀ 19 mm
N# 382010

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Tahirid dynasty • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Tahir I ibn al-Husayn (Samarqand)
206 (821)

Silver • 3.53 g • ⌀ 25 mm
A# 1391, N# 385936
1 Dirham - 'Abd Allah ibn Tahir I (Samarqand)
213 (828)

Silver • 3.03 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 385937

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Tahirid dynasty • Unspecified currency

Fals - Talha b. Tahir (Bukhara mint)
209 (825)

Copper • 2.32 g • ⌀ 22 mm
N# 197898
Fals - Muhammad b. Tahir (Bukhara mint)
253 (867)

Copper • 2.09 g • ⌀ 22.3 mm
N# 197899

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Wakhsh, Emirate of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dinar - Abu Bakr Qaratuz
602 (1206)

Gold • 3.13 g
A# B1754, N# 385629
1 Dinar - 'Arabshah ibn Abi Bakr
ND (1210-1219)

Gold • 4.26 g • ⌀ 24 mm
A# D1754, N# 385630
1 Dinar - Imad al-Din Tamghaj Khan
ND (1214)

Gold • 3.55 g
A# C1754, N# 386447
1 Dinar - Abu'l 'Abbas
618 (1221)

Gold • 3.80 g
A# E1754, N# 382007

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Yazd, Atabegs of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Fals - 'Ala al-Dawla (Yazd)
684 (1285)

Silver • 2.51 g
A# 1933, N# 381904
1 Dirham - Yusufshah
ND (1285-1297)

Silver • 2.32 g
A# 1934, N# 382219

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Yun, Emirate of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Muhammad II Pakh (al-Yun)
ND (1032-1040)

Silver • 3.04 g
A# D1481, N# 382008

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Ziyarid dynasty › Gilan, Emirate of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Ziyarid dynasty › Jibal, Ziyarids of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

Islamic states › Greater Iran › Ziyarid dynasty › Tabaristan, Ziyarids of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Bisutun ibn Wushmagir (Amul)
359 (970)

Silver • 4.08 g
A# A1533, N# 390534
1 Dirham - Wushmagir ibn Ziyar (Astarabad)
365 (976)

Silver • 6.09 g • ⌀ 31 mm
A# 1531, N# 390531
1 Dirham - Qabus ibn Wushmagir (Astarabad)
368 (979)

Silver • 2.16 g
A# 1535, N# 390541
1 Dirham - Ahmad ibn Mahmud (Jurjan)
390 (1000)

Silver • 4.45 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 390533
1 Dirham - Manuchihr ibn Qabus
ND (1012-1029)

Silver • 2.74 g
A# 1537, N# 390535
1 Dirham - Anushirawan ibn Manuchihr
ND (1030-1031)

Billon • 4.15 g
A# 1537D, N# 390537
1 Dinar - Mardawij ibn Ziyar (Mah al-Basra)
322 (934)

Gold • 4.40 g
A# 1530, N# 390538
1 Dinar - Bakran ibn Khurshid (al-Karaj?)
323 (935)

Gold • 3.02 g
A# 1530K, N# 390539
1 Dinar - Qabus ibn Wushmagir (Jurjan)
370 (980)

Gold • 2.78 g • ⌀ 17 mm
A# 1534, N# 390540

Islamic states › Hamdanid dynasty › Al-Jazira, Hamdanids of • Dinar (977-1186)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Nasir al-Dawla (al-Mawsil)
330 (942)

Silver • 2.84 g
A# 749, N# 387478
1 Dirham - 'Uddat al-Dawla Abu Taghlib (Nisibin)
352 (963)

Silver • 4.83 g • ⌀ 22 mm
A# 750.2, N# 387479

Islamic states › Hamdanid dynasty › Aleppo, Hamdanids of • Dinar (977-1186)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Sayf al-Dawla (Tarsus)
338 (949)

Silver • 2.67 g
A# 749F, N# 387481
1 Dirham - Sa'd al-Dawla (Halab)
ND (967-991)

Silver • 3.42 g • ⌀ 26 mm
A# 751, N# 387487
1 Dirham - Sa'id al-Dawla (Halab)
391 (1001)

Billon • 3.68 g
A# 752, N# 387483

Islamic states › Hamdanid dynasty • Unspecified currency

Dirham - Nasir al-Dawla and Sayf al-Dawla
349 (961)

Silver • 2.65 g
A# 748, N# 212588

Islamic states › Jand, Maliks of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Fals - Ali
ND (1001-1201)

Copper • 1.80 g • ⌀ 24 mm
N# 387777
1 Fals - Musa
ND (1001-1201)

Copper • 1.48 g • ⌀ 25 mm
A# R1523, N# 387779
1 Fals - Yusuf
ND (1001-1201)

Copper • 1.66 g • ⌀ 25 mm
A# R1523, N# 387780
1 Fals - Anonymous
ND (1001-1201)

Copper • 1.65 g • ⌀ 25 mm
A# 1523, N# 387782

Islamic states › Jarrahid dynasty • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Maḥmūd b. al-Mufarraj
ND (997-1013)

Silver • 1.85 g • ⌀ 20 mm
A# 687V, N# 383276
1 Dinar - Hassan ibn al-Mufarrij (Filastin)
402 (1012)

Gold • 3.97 g • ⌀ 23 mm
N# 383277

Islamic states › Khwarezmian dynasties › Kath, Afrighids of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Fals - 'Iraq b. Mansur
280 (893)

Copper • 1.40 g
A# P1478, N# 385959
1 Fals - Ahmad ibn Muhammad
ND (959-977)

Copper • 2.00 g
A# Q1478, N# 385962
1 Fals - Ahmad ibn Muhammad
ND (959-977)

Copper • 1.48 g • ⌀ 19.8 mm
N# 395558

The Numista referee for coins of this issuer is simoneo80.

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