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Coins from Islamic states

Countries and territories › Islamic states

Islamic state (in Arabic, ad-dawlah al-islamīyah) is a kind of government (monarchy, republic or democracy) based on Islamic religious law. The Caliphate is a form of monarchic government headed by the Caliph (in Arabic, khalīfa) who is the regent, acting as successor of Muhammad. Second in command after the Caliph, with political and military roles, is the Emir (in Arabic, amīr) literally a "commander". Another sovereign title used by numerous Arab and non-Arab dynasties is the Sultan (in Arabic, sulṭān, "strength", "authority") supreme head of Sunni Islam and ruler in the Ottoman Empire. Arab Bedouin, led by the Prophet Muhammad, starting from 7th century with the Islamic expansion, conquered a huge territory, divulgating or converting different peoples, and continued until the 18th century thanks to the Ottoman and Mughal Empires. After Muhammad's death, the first Caliphate was established. During this first Caliphate, called the Rashidun Caliphate (in Arabic, Khilāfat al-Rāshidūn "Caliphate of the Orthodox") that spanned from 632 to 661, the Umma was governed by the four chosen Caliphs: Abū Bakr, marUmar ibn al-Khattāb, ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān and ʿAlī b. Abi Tālib. The "Orthodox" Caliphate was replaced by the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750) which was governed by the Umayyad dynasty (in Arabic, al-'Umawiyyūn or Banū'Umayya "Sons of Umayya"), coming from Mecca. After toppling the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid revolution, the Abbasid Caliphate (in Arabic, ʿAbbāsiyyūn) was established and lasted from 750 to 1258. The culmination of the Abbasid power was under Hārūn al-Rashīd. His life and fabulous court have been the subject of many anecdotes; the famous tale "One Thousand and One Nights" contains many stories inspired by the myth of his magnificent court. The Fatimid Caliphate (in Arabic, Fāṭimiyyūn) constituted, between 909 and 1171, the most important Ismaili Shiite dynasty in the whole history of Islam and owes its name to the descent from Fātima bt. Muhammad, daughter of the prophet Muhammad. In the mid-11th century, the Seljuks won over the Fatimids in Syria and the loss of Palestine followed, after the Crusades and Saladin's victory in Egypt, marking the end of the Arab empire and the beginning of the new Ayyubid dynasty. After the destruction of the Abbasid Empire by the Mughal Dynasty, the Ottoman Empire came to power. In 1453, it conquered Constantinople, renamed it Istanbul and made it the capital of the empire. Today there are about 1.1 billion Muslims and, not only being Arab, Islam is represented in many major cultures in over 60 countries. Read more

Display options980 coins found.
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Mamluk Sultanate - Bahri dynasty - Dinar (1250-1382)

Fals - al-Nāṣir Muhammad I (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Nāṣir Muhammad I (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Nāṣir Muhammad I (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint)
721 (1321)
Copper • 2.5 g • ⌀ 18.5 mm
Bal II# 244
Fals - al-Nāṣir Muhammad I (Bahri dynasty - Trablus Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Nāṣir Muhammad I (Bahri dynasty - Trablus Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Nāṣir Muhammad I (Bahri dynasty - Trablus Mint)
741 (1341)
Copper • 2.25 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Bal II# 240
Fals - al-Mansur Abu Bakr (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Mansur Abu Bakr (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Mansur Abu Bakr (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint)
741-742 (1341-1342)
Copper • 3.1 g • ⌀ 20 mm
Bal II# 267-268
Fals -  al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – obverse
Fals -  al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint)
743-746 (1343-1346)
Copper • 3.6 g • ⌀ 20 mm
Bal II# 287-288-289
Fals - al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - al-Qahira Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - al-Qahira Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - al-Qahira Mint)
745-746 (1344-1346)
Copper • 2.8 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Bal II# 285-286
Fals -  al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - Hamah Mint) – obverse
Fals -  al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - Hamah Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Salih Isma'il (Bahri dynasty - Hamah Mint)
746 (1346)
Copper • 2.71 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Bal II# 296
Fals - al-Muzaffar Hajji I (Bahri dynasty - Halab Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Muzaffar Hajji I (Bahri dynasty - Halab Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Muzaffar Hajji I (Bahri dynasty - Halab Mint)
(1346-1347)
Copper • 1.65 g • ⌀ 17 mm
Bal II# 314
Fals - al-Muzaffar Hajji I (Bahri dynasty - Hamah Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Muzaffar Hajji I (Bahri dynasty - Hamah Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Muzaffar Hajji I (Bahri dynasty - Hamah Mint)
(1346-1347)
Copper • 2.66 g • ⌀ 17 mm
Bal II# 315
Fals - al-Nâsir Hasan (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Nâsir Hasan (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Nâsir Hasan (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint)
749 (1349)
Copper • 2.64 g • ⌀ 18 mm
Bal II# 327
Fals - al-Salih Salih (Bahri Dynasty - Halab Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Salih Salih (Bahri Dynasty - Halab Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Salih Salih (Bahri Dynasty - Halab Mint)
752-755 (1352-1354)
Copper • 2.5 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Bal II# 338
Fals - al-Salih Salih (Bahri Dynasty - Hamah Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Salih Salih (Bahri Dynasty - Hamah Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Salih Salih (Bahri Dynasty - Hamah Mint)
755 (1354)
Copper • 2.75 g • ⌀ 17.5 mm
Bal II# 339
Fals - al-Nâsir al-Hasan (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq MInt) – obverse
Fals - al-Nâsir al-Hasan (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq MInt) – reverse
Fals - al-Nâsir al-Hasan (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq MInt)
762 (1361)
Copper • 2.76 g • ⌀ 20 mm
Bal II# 374
Fals - al-Mansûr Muhammad II (Bahri dynasty - al-Qahira Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Mansûr Muhammad II (Bahri dynasty - al-Qahira Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Mansûr Muhammad II (Bahri dynasty - al-Qahira Mint)
762-764 (1361-1363)
Copper • 4.06 g • ⌀ 25 mm
Bal II# 385-386-387
Fals - al-Mansûr Muhammad II (Bahri dynasty - Hamah) – obverse
Fals - al-Mansûr Muhammad II (Bahri dynasty - Hamah) – reverse
Fals - al-Mansûr Muhammad II (Bahri dynasty - Hamah)
(1361-1362)
Copper • 18 g • ⌀ 1.8 mm
Bal II# 507
Fals - al-Ashraf Sha'ban II (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – obverse
Fals - al-Ashraf Sha'ban II (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint) – reverse
Fals - al-Ashraf Sha'ban II (Bahri dynasty - Dimashq Mint)
764-772 (1363-1373)
Copper • 1.64 g • ⌀ 17 mm
Bal II# 454-455-456

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Numista referee for this country is simoneo80.

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