Coins from the Islamic states

Islamic state (in Arabic, ad-dawlah al-islamīyah) is a kind of government (monarchy, republic or democracy) based on Islamic religious law. The Caliphate is a form of monarchic government headed by the Caliph (in Arabic, khalīfa) who is the regent, acting as successor of Muhammad. Second in command after the Caliph, with political and military roles, is the Emir (in Arabic, amīr) literally a "commander". Another sovereign title used by numerous Arab and non-Arab dynasties is the Sultan (in Arabic, sulṭān, "strength", "authority") supreme head of Sunni Islam and ruler in the Ottoman Empire. Arab Bedouin, led by the Prophet Muhammad, starting from 7th century with the Islamic expansion, conquered a huge territory, divulgating or converting different peoples, and continued until the 18th century thanks to the Ottoman and Mughal Empires. After Muhammad's death, the first Caliphate was established. During this first Caliphate, called the Rashidun Caliphate (in Arabic, Khilāfat al-Rāshidūn "Caliphate of the Orthodox") that spanned from 632 to 661, the Umma was governed by the four chosen Caliphs: Abū Bakr, marUmar ibn al-Khattāb, ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān and ʿAlī b. Abi Tālib. The "Orthodox" Caliphate was replaced by the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750) which was governed by the Umayyad dynasty (in Arabic, al-'Umawiyyūn or Banū'Umayya "Sons of Umayya"), coming from Mecca. After toppling the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid revolution, the Abbasid Caliphate (in Arabic, ʿAbbāsiyyūn) was established and lasted from 750 to 1258. The culmination of the Abbasid power was under Hārūn al-Rashīd. His life and fabulous court have been the subject of many anecdotes; the famous tale "One Thousand and One Nights" contains many stories inspired by the myth of his magnificent court. The Fatimid Caliphate (in Arabic, Fāṭimiyyūn) constituted, between 909 and 1171, the most important Ismaili Shiite dynasty in the whole history of Islam and owes its name to the descent from Fātima bt. Muhammad, daughter of the prophet Muhammad. In the mid-11th century, the Seljuks won over the Fatimids in Syria and the loss of Palestine followed, after the Crusades and Saladin's victory in Egypt, marking the end of the Arab empire and the beginning of the new Ayyubid dynasty. After the destruction of the Abbasid Empire by the Mughal Dynasty, the Ottoman Empire came to power. In 1453, it conquered Constantinople, renamed it Istanbul and made it the capital of the empire. Today there are about 1.1 billion Muslims and, not only being Arab, Islam is represented in many major cultures in over 60 countries.
Wikidata: Q4204060

Display options2275 results found.
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Islamic states › Mamluk Sultanate • Dinar (1250-1517)

Fals - al-Ẓāhir Barquq (Dimashq mint)
784-801 (1383-1399)

Copper • 3 g • ⌀ 17 mm
Bal II# 559, N# 95318
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Dimashq mint)
784-801 (1383-1399)

Copper • 2.92 g • ⌀ 16 mm
Bal II# 561, N# 116025
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Halab Mint)
788-789 (1386-1387)

Copper • 1.9 g • ⌀ 16 mm
Bal II# 564-565, N# 154363
Available for swap Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Dimashq mint)
790 (1388)

Copper • 2.8 g • ⌀ 18 mm
Bal II# 562, N# 142745
Available for swap Fals - Salah-ad-Din Hajji II (Dimashq Mint)
791-792 (1389-1390)

Copper • 3.1 g • ⌀ 18 mm
Bal II# 532-533, N# 142749
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Halab mint)
ND (1390-1399)

Copper • 2.18 g • ⌀ 21 mm
Bal II# 595, N# 151406
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Hamah mint)
ND (1390-1399)

Copper • 4.13 g • ⌀ 22 mm
Bal II# 597, N# 154781
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Hamah mint)
ND (1390-1399)

Copper • 2.4 g • ⌀ 18 mm
Bal II# 600, N# 163008
Fals - al Zahir Barquq
ND (1390-1399)

Copper • 1.7 g • ⌀ 18 mm
Bal II# 609, N# 142710
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Halab mint)
793 (1391)

Copper • ⌀ 16.1 mm
Bal II# 593, N# 133966
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Dimashq mint)
796-797 (1393-1395)

Copper • 2.75 g • ⌀ 15 mm
Bal II# 588-589, N# 163204
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Dimashq mint)
798-799 (1396-1397)

Copper • 3.7 g • ⌀ 20 mm
Bal II# 590-591, N# 124046
Fals - al Zahir Barquq (Hamah mint)
799 (1397)

Copper • 4.95 g • ⌀ 24 mm
Bal II# 596, N# 163411
Available for swap Fals - al-Nasir Faraj (Dimashq mint)
801-807 (1399-1405)

Copper • 3.29 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Bal II# 647-648-649, N# 150484
Fals - al-Nasir Faraj (Halab mint)
801-814 (1399-1412)

Copper • 3.6 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Bal II# 654, N# 137516
Fals - al-Nasir Faraj (Halab mint)
ND (1399-1412)

Copper • 4.20 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Bal II# 656, N# 153955
Fals - al-Nasir Faraj
ND (1399-1412)

Copper • 4.65 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Bal II# 668, N# 163257
Available for swap Fals - al-Nasir Faraj (Halab mint)
802 (1400)

Copper • 4.5 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Bal II# 653, N# 163255
Fals - Al-Mu'ayyad Shaykh (Halab mint)
ND (1412-1421)

Copper • 0.95 g • ⌀ 11.56 mm
N# 368045
Fals - al-Zahir Jaqmaq
846-848 (1438-1453)

Copper • 1.81 g • ⌀ 18 mm
Bal II# 751-753, N# 163355
Fals - al-Zahir Jaqmaq
ND (1438-1453)

Copper • 1.89 g • ⌀ 16 mm
Bal II# 754D, N# 352290
Fals - al-Zahir Jaqmaq
ND (1438-1453)

Copper • 2.48 g • ⌀ 15 mm
Zeno cat# 24416, N# 396261
Fals - al-Zahir Jaqmaq
ND (1438-1453)

Copper • 1.55 g • ⌀ 18 mm
N# 163361
Æ Fals -al-Ẓāhir Khushqadam (Burji dynasty)
ND (1461-1467)

Copper • 4.79 g • ⌀ 31 mm
A# 1022, N# 384946
Fals - al-Ashraf Qa'itbay
ND (1468-1496)

Copper • 8.9 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Bal II# 839, N# 240373
Fals - al-Ashraf Qa'itbay (al-Qahira mint)
886 (1481)

Copper • 8.75 g • ⌀ 24 mm
Bal II# 833, N# 148809
Fals - al-Nāṣir Muḥammad IV
ND (1496-1498)

Copper • 3.7 g • ⌀ 17 mm
Bal II# 850, N# 76714
Fals - al-Nāṣir Muḥammad IV
ND (1496-1498)

Copper • 5.2 g • ⌀ 25 mm
N# 352197
Fals - al-Asfrash Qansuh II al-Ghuri
ND (1501-1516)

Copper • 8.32 g • ⌀ 22 mm
N# 344456
½ Dirham - al-Zahir Tatar (al-Qahira mint)
824 (1421)

Silver • 1.25 g
A# 996, N# 388024
Dirham - al-Manṣūr Nūr ad-dīn ʾAlī I (Cairo mint)
655 (1257)

Silver • 2.83 g • ⌀ 20 mm
Bal II# 19, N# 190416
Dirham - al-Muzzaffar Qutuz (al-Qahira mint)
ND (1259-1260)

Silver • 2.5 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Bal II# 24b, N# 135064
Dirham - al-Ẓāhir Baybars I
ND (1260-1277)

Silver • 2.91 g • ⌀ 22 mm
Bal II# 44, N# 174120
Dirham - al-Ẓāhir Baybars I
ND (1260-1277)

Silver • 2.8 g • ⌀ 19.4 mm
N# 78791
Dirham - al-Sa'id Baraka Qan (al-Qahira)
ND (1277)

Silver • 3.01 g • ⌀ 20 mm
A# 887, N# 388019
Dirham - al-Adil Salamish (Dimashq mint)
678 (1279)

Silver • 2.69 g
A# 889, N# 388020
Available for swap Dirham - al-Manṣūr Qala'un (Hamah Mint)
ND (1279-1290)

Silver • 3.5 g • ⌀ 19 mm
N# 165559
Dirham - al-Nāṣir Muhammad I
715-739 (1293-1341)

Silver • 3.05 g
Bal II# 199-200-201-202-203-204-205-206-207-208, N# 136515
Dirham - al-'Adil Kitbugha (al-Qahira Mint)
ND (1294-1296)

Silver • 3.3 g • ⌀ 20 mm
N# 181034
Fractional Dirham - al-Nāṣir Muhammad I
ND (1314-1341)

Silver • 1.73 g • ⌀ 19 mm
Bal II# 212-213, N# 148157
Dirham - al-Salih Isma'il (Dimashq mint)
744 (1344)

Silver • 2.54 g • ⌀ 21 mm
Bal II# 277, N# 159425
Dirham - al-Salih Isma'il (Dimashq mint)
745-746 (1344-1346)

Silver • 2.8 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Bal II# 278-279, N# 164771
Dirham - al-Muzaffar Hajji I (Dimashq mint)
ND (1346-1347)

Silver • 3.06 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Bal II# 309-310, N# 133930
Dirham - al-Nâsir Hasan
ND (1354-1361)

Silver • 3.3 g • ⌀ 20 mm
N# 157987
Dirham - al-Ashraf Sha'ban II (Hamah mint)
ND (1363-1377)

Silver • 3.2 g • ⌀ 18 mm
N# 200669
Dirham - al-Muzaffar Hajji II (Halab mint)
ND (1381-1382)

Silver • 2.39 g • ⌀ 17 mm
Bal I# 530A, N# 330580

The Numista referee for coins of this issuer is simoneo80.

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