Coins from the Islamic states

Islamic state (in Arabic, ad-dawlah al-islamīyah) is a kind of government (monarchy, republic or democracy) based on Islamic religious law. The Caliphate is a form of monarchic government headed by the Caliph (in Arabic, khalīfa) who is the regent, acting as successor of Muhammad. Second in command after the Caliph, with political and military roles, is the Emir (in Arabic, amīr) literally a "commander". Another sovereign title used by numerous Arab and non-Arab dynasties is the Sultan (in Arabic, sulṭān, "strength", "authority") supreme head of Sunni Islam and ruler in the Ottoman Empire. Arab Bedouin, led by the Prophet Muhammad, starting from 7th century with the Islamic expansion, conquered a huge territory, divulgating or converting different peoples, and continued until the 18th century thanks to the Ottoman and Mughal Empires. After Muhammad's death, the first Caliphate was established. During this first Caliphate, called the Rashidun Caliphate (in Arabic, Khilāfat al-Rāshidūn "Caliphate of the Orthodox") that spanned from 632 to 661, the Umma was governed by the four chosen Caliphs: Abū Bakr, marUmar ibn al-Khattāb, ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān and ʿAlī b. Abi Tālib. The "Orthodox" Caliphate was replaced by the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750) which was governed by the Umayyad dynasty (in Arabic, al-'Umawiyyūn or Banū'Umayya "Sons of Umayya"), coming from Mecca. After toppling the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid revolution, the Abbasid Caliphate (in Arabic, ʿAbbāsiyyūn) was established and lasted from 750 to 1258. The culmination of the Abbasid power was under Hārūn al-Rashīd. His life and fabulous court have been the subject of many anecdotes; the famous tale "One Thousand and One Nights" contains many stories inspired by the myth of his magnificent court. The Fatimid Caliphate (in Arabic, Fāṭimiyyūn) constituted, between 909 and 1171, the most important Ismaili Shiite dynasty in the whole history of Islam and owes its name to the descent from Fātima bt. Muhammad, daughter of the prophet Muhammad. In the mid-11th century, the Seljuks won over the Fatimids in Syria and the loss of Palestine followed, after the Crusades and Saladin's victory in Egypt, marking the end of the Arab empire and the beginning of the new Ayyubid dynasty. After the destruction of the Abbasid Empire by the Mughal Dynasty, the Ottoman Empire came to power. In 1453, it conquered Constantinople, renamed it Istanbul and made it the capital of the empire. Today there are about 1.1 billion Muslims and, not only being Arab, Islam is represented in many major cultures in over 60 countries.
Wikidata: Q4204060

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Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almohad Taifas › Seville, City of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Ahmmad ibn Muhammad al-Badji (Rebel coinage)
ND (1231-1233)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.53 g
N# 385184

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Badajoz Region • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Quirat - Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn al-Hadjam
ND (1145-1150)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.89 g • ⌀ 0 mm
Vives# 1987, N# 385197

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Badja and Silves Regions • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Quirat - Sidray ibn Wazir al-Qaysi
ND (1144-1157)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.49 g • ⌀ 14 mm
N# 385199

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Badja, City of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Quirat - Abu Talib al-Zuhri
ND (1141)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.89 g • ⌀ 0 mm
N# 385198

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Baeza, City of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dinar - Alfonso VII
545 (1150)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 4.08 g • ⌀ 0 mm
Vives# 1995, N# 385196

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Banu Ghaniya dynasty • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dinar - Anonymous
563 (1168)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 4.06 g • ⌀ 0 mm
A# 4201M, N# 385195

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Córdoba, City of • Unspecified currency

Qirat - Hamdin b. Muhammad
539-540 (1145-1146)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.95 g
N# 84969

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Martula, City of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Quirat - Ahmad ibn Qasi 'Abd Allah
ND (1144-1151)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.86 g • ⌀ 0 mm
Vives# 1917, N# 385200

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Murcia, Almoravids of • Dinar (1011-1266)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (⁷⁄₁₀) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

Dinar - Muhammad b. Sa'd
ND (1148-1171)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 3.88 g
N# 84970

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Murcia, Almoravids of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Muhammad ibn Sa'd and Hilal ibn Muhammad
564 (1169)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.28 g • ⌀ 19 mm
N# 385193
1 Dinar - 'Abd Allah ibn 'Iyad
540 (1145)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 3.92 g • ⌀ 26 mm
Vives# 1926, N# 385188
1 Dinar - 'Abd Allah al-Rais ibn Faradj
541 (1146)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 3.96 g • ⌀ 26 mm
Vives# 1928, N# 385190
1 Dinar - 'Ali ibn 'Ubaid
542 (1147)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 3.92 g • ⌀ 26 mm
N# 385192

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Uncertain Almoravid taifa • Dinar (1040-1147)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (⁷⁄₁₀) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

Qirat - Ahmad ibn Hud
ND (1144-1145)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.7 g • ⌀ 15.5 mm
N# 76376

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Almoravid Taifas › Uncertain Almoravid taifa • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Quirat - Ibn Malik
ND (1144-1171)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.90 g • ⌀ 14 mm
Vives# 1919, N# 385202
1 Quirat - 'Abd al Rahmman ibn Hud (Úbeda)
ND (1145)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.80 g • ⌀ 0 mm
N# 385201

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Alpuente, Taifa of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

Fractional Dirham - Ahmad Yumn al-Dawla
ND (1030-1042)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.73 g
Vives# 871, N# 384869

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Badajoz, Taifa of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Umar al-Mutawakil
ND (1067-1094)

Standard circulation coin
Copper • 2.12 g
Vives# 1007, N# 384762

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Badajoz, Taifa of • Unspecified currency

Dirham - Yahya al-Mansur
ND (1063-1067)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.16 g
N# 212211

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Ceuta, City of • Dinar (1008-1052)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (⁷⁄₁₀) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

Square Dirham - Anonymous (Ceuta mint)
ND (1047-1055)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.56 g • 14.5 mm
N# 165821

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Ceuta, City of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - 'Ali bin Hammud
406 (1015)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.20 g • ⌀ 24 mm
Vives# 724, N# 385111
1 Dirham - Abu al-Abbas Ahmad al-Yanashti
ND (1232-1237)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 1.53 g • 14 × 14 mm
N# 385185
1 Dinar - Ibn Khalas
ND (1237-1249)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 4.68 g • ⌀ 27 mm
N# 385186
1 Quirat - Abu Fadl 'Iyad
ND (1146-1148)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 0.92 g • ⌀ 14 mm
Vives# 2017, N# 385187

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Ceuta, Taifa of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

Fractional Dirham - Al-'Izz ibn Saqqut
ND (1077-1078)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 1.22 g
Vives# 127, N# 385106
1 Dirham - Saqqwut al-Barghawati
466 (1074)

Standard circulation coin
Billon • 3.22 g
Vives# 879, N# 385105

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Córdoba • Dinar (756-929)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (⅒) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

Fals - Anonymous (Al-Andalus)
ND (756-929)

Copper • 1.8 g • ⌀ 17 mm
Vives arab# 319, N# 307525
Fals - 'Abd al-Rahman II
ND (822-852)

Standard circulation coin
Copper • ⌀ 20 mm
Vives arab# 218, N# 82326
Fals - Muhammad I
ND (852-886)

Standard circulation coin
Bronze • 1.15 g • ⌀ 19.5 mm
Vives arab# 318, N# 359159
Dirham - 'Abd al-Rahman I
148-171 (766-788)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.76 g • ⌀ 25 mm
Vives arab# 46-69, N# 76498
Dirham - Hisham I
172-179 (789-796)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.70 g
Vives arab# 70-77, N# 80971
Dirham - al-Hakam I
180-205 (797-821)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.70 g • ⌀ 25 mm
Vives arab# 78-119, N# 76491
Dirham - 'Abd al-Rahman II
206-237 (822-852)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.60 g • ⌀ 26.2 mm
N# 76492
Dirham - Muhammad I
238-272 (853-886)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.63 g
Vives arab# 221-312, N# 76493
Dirham - al-Mundhir
273-274 (887-888)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.7 g • ⌀ 25 mm
Vives arab# 326-327, N# 302939
Dirham - 'Abd Allah
275-279 (889-893)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.7 g • ⌀ 25 mm
Vives arab# 275-279, N# 302941

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Córdoba • Dinar (929-1031)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (¹⁄₁₅) - AE Fals (¹⁄₉₀)

Fals - Anonymous (al-Andalus)
ND (929-1031)

Standard circulation coin
Copper • 1.90 g • ⌀ 18 mm
N# 77609
Dirham - 'Abd-al-Rahman III (al-Andalus)
316-336 (929-948)

Standard circulation coin
Silver (.999) • 2.9 g • ⌀ 27 mm
N# 70521
Available for swap Dirham - 'Abd-al-Rahman III (Madinat al-Zahra)
336-350 (948-962)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.70 g • ⌀ 22.5 mm
N# 297726
Dirham - al-Hakam II (Madinat al-Zahra)
350-364 (962-975)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.70 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Vives arab# 447-458, A# 352.1-6, N# 81268
Dirham - al-Hakam II (al-Andalus)
365 (976)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 2.70 g • ⌀ 23 mm
Vives arab# 496, N# 334204
Available for swap Dirham - Hisham II (First reign, al-Andalus)
366-402 (977-1012)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.20 g
N# 81270
Dirham - Hisham II (First reign, Madinat Fas)
367-399 (978-1009)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.40 g
N# 337155
Dirham - Hisham II (First reign, Nakur)
389-399 (999-1009)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3.30 g
N# 337156
¼ Dinar - 'Abd-al-Rahman III (al-Andalus)
330-332 (942-944)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 1.01 g • ⌀ 12 mm
N# 80998
⅓ Dinar - 'Abd al-Rahman III (al-Andalus)
317-336 (930-948)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 1.2 g • ⌀ 13 mm
N# 314626
⅓ Dinar - 'Abd al-Rahman III (no mint)
319-322 (931-934)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 1.2 g • ⌀ 13 mm
N# 314625
⅓ Dinar - al-Hakam II (Madinat al-Zahra)
357-363 (968-974)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 1.20 g
N# 334334
⅓ Dinar - Hisham II (First reign, al-Andalus)
386-394 (996-1004)

Standard circulation coin
Gold • 1.2 g • ⌀ 13 mm
N# 337132
Dirham - Muhammad II (al-Andalus)
ND (1009-1010)

Standard circulation coin
Silver • 3 g
N# 81271

The Numista referee for coins of this issuer is simoneo80.

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