Coins from the Islamic states

Islamic state (in Arabic, ad-dawlah al-islamīyah) is a kind of government (monarchy, republic or democracy) based on Islamic religious law. The Caliphate is a form of monarchic government headed by the Caliph (in Arabic, khalīfa) who is the regent, acting as successor of Muhammad. Second in command after the Caliph, with political and military roles, is the Emir (in Arabic, amīr) literally a "commander". Another sovereign title used by numerous Arab and non-Arab dynasties is the Sultan (in Arabic, sulṭān, "strength", "authority") supreme head of Sunni Islam and ruler in the Ottoman Empire. Arab Bedouin, led by the Prophet Muhammad, starting from 7th century with the Islamic expansion, conquered a huge territory, divulgating or converting different peoples, and continued until the 18th century thanks to the Ottoman and Mughal Empires. After Muhammad's death, the first Caliphate was established. During this first Caliphate, called the Rashidun Caliphate (in Arabic, Khilāfat al-Rāshidūn "Caliphate of the Orthodox") that spanned from 632 to 661, the Umma was governed by the four chosen Caliphs: Abū Bakr, marUmar ibn al-Khattāb, ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān and ʿAlī b. Abi Tālib. The "Orthodox" Caliphate was replaced by the Umayyad Caliphate (661-750) which was governed by the Umayyad dynasty (in Arabic, al-'Umawiyyūn or Banū'Umayya "Sons of Umayya"), coming from Mecca. After toppling the Umayyad Caliphate in the Abbasid revolution, the Abbasid Caliphate (in Arabic, ʿAbbāsiyyūn) was established and lasted from 750 to 1258. The culmination of the Abbasid power was under Hārūn al-Rashīd. His life and fabulous court have been the subject of many anecdotes; the famous tale "One Thousand and One Nights" contains many stories inspired by the myth of his magnificent court. The Fatimid Caliphate (in Arabic, Fāṭimiyyūn) constituted, between 909 and 1171, the most important Ismaili Shiite dynasty in the whole history of Islam and owes its name to the descent from Fātima bt. Muhammad, daughter of the prophet Muhammad. In the mid-11th century, the Seljuks won over the Fatimids in Syria and the loss of Palestine followed, after the Crusades and Saladin's victory in Egypt, marking the end of the Arab empire and the beginning of the new Ayyubid dynasty. After the destruction of the Abbasid Empire by the Mughal Dynasty, the Ottoman Empire came to power. In 1453, it conquered Constantinople, renamed it Istanbul and made it the capital of the empire. Today there are about 1.1 billion Muslims and, not only being Arab, Islam is represented in many major cultures in over 60 countries.
Wikidata: Q4204060

Display options2138 results found.
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Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Seville, Taifa of • Dinar (1023-1091)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (⁷⁄₁₀) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

1 Dinar - Al-Mutamid Muhammad ibn Abbad
462 (1070)

Gold • 3.87 g
Vives# 936, N# 384859

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Toledo, Taifa of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Alfonso VI
479 (1086)

Silver • 3.08 g
Vives# 1132, N# 384763

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Toledo, Taifa of • Unspecified currency

Fractional Dirham - Al-Qadir Yahya II
ND (1075-1085)

Billon • 0.65 g • ⌀ 12 mm
N# 326578

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Tortosa, Taifa of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Ya'la Saif al-Mila
448 (1056)

Silver • 2.64 g • ⌀ 22 mm
Vives# 1291, N# 384770

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Tortosa, Taifa of • Unspecified currency

Dirham - Muqatil
ND (1039-1054)

Silver • 3.97 g
N# 82103

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Tudela, Taifa of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

Dirham - al-Zahir Mundhir
ND (1046-1050)

Billon • 2.56 g
A# H394, N# 385110

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Uncertain Iberian taifa • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dinar - Al-Hadjib Khalid
ND (1043-1049)

Gold • 3.03 g • ⌀ 23 mm
N# 384868

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Valencia, Taifa of • Dinar (1010-1238)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (⁷⁄₁₀) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

1 Dirham - Abd Al-Malik al-Muzaffar
456 (1064)

Silver • 3.69 g
Vives# 1077, N# 384765
1 Dirham - Al-Ma'mun
459 (1067)

Copper • 4.72 g
Vives# 1105, N# 384768
1 Dirham - Yahya II al-Qadir
470 (1077)

Copper • 4.53 g
Vives# 1118, N# 384769
Fractional Dinar - 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Mansur
ND (1056-1060)

Gold • 1.64 g
A# 375.5, Vives arab# 1072, N# 154005

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Zaragoza, Taifa of › Calatayud, Taifa of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Muhammad ibn Suleiman
ND (1046-1055)

Silver • 3.36 g • ⌀ 25 mm
Vives# 1254, N# 384865

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Zaragoza, Taifa of › Lérida, Taifa of • Unspecified currency

Dirham - Yusuf al-Mudafar
444 (1053)

Silver • 2.56 g
N# 212207

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Zaragoza, Taifa of • Dinar (1008-1052)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (⁷⁄₁₀) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Zaragoza, Taifa of • Dinar (628/632-1598)

60 Fals / Mangir = 1 Dinar = 1 Ashrafi - 1 Dirham / Jital = ⁷⁄₁₀ Dinar

1 Dirham - Al-Musta'in I Abu Ayyub Sulayman ibn Hud
436 (1044)

Silver • 2.81 g • ⌀ 24 mm
Vives# 1150, N# 384863
1 Dirham - Suleiman Tadj al-Daula
440 (1048)

Silver • 4.49 g
Vives# 1162, N# 384864
1 Dirham - Al-Musta'in II Ahmad ibn Yusuf
ND (1083-1109)

Copper • 5.96 g
Vives# 1220, N# 384862

Islamic states › Al-Andalus and Ceuta › Zaragoza, Taifa of • Unspecified currency

Islamic states › Almohad Caliphate • Dinar (1121-1269)

AV Dinar - AR Dirham (⁷⁄₁₀) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

Square ¼ dirham - Abu Muhammad 'Abd al-Mu'min b. Ali
ND (1130-1163)

Silver • 0.38 g • 10.5 × 10.5 mm
A# 481.1 note, N# 356997
Square ½ Dirham - Abu Muhammad 'Abd al-Mu'min
ND (1130-1163)

Silver • 0.76 g
Vives arab# 2113-2114-2116, A# 481.1, A# 481.2, N# 81348
Square ½ Dirham - Abu Ya'qub Yusuf ibn Ya'qub
ND (1163-1184)

Silver • 0.6 g • 12 × 12 mm
N# 356704
½ Dinar - Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad
ND (1156-1163)

Gold • 2.28 g
A# 482, N# 379152
½ Dinar - Abu Ya' qub Yusuf I
ND (1163-1184)

Gold • 2.29 g • ⌀ 23 mm
N# 85707
Available for swap Square Dirham - Anonymous
ND (1121-1269)

Silver • 1.3 g • 14 mm
Vives arab# 2088-2089-2090-2091-2092-2093-2094-2095-2096-2097-2098, Vives arab# 2100-2101-2103-2104-2105-2106-2107-2109-2110, Mitch WI# 421, N# 9624
1 Dirham - Abu Muhammad 'Abd al-Mu'min
ND (1130-1163)

Silver • 1.48 g
A# 480, Vives# 2046, N# 378790
1 Dinar - Abu Ya'qub Yusuf II (Tilimsan)
ND (1213-1224)

Gold • 4.63 g • ⌀ 29 mm
A# 486, N# 382790
1 Dinar - Abu Muhammad 'Abd Allah
ND (1224-1227)

Gold • 4.62 g • ⌀ 29 mm
A# A487, N# 382791
1 Dinar - Abul Ula Idris I
ND (1229-1232)

Gold • 4.61 g • ⌀ 29 mm
A# 487, N# 382792
1 Dinar - Abu Mohammad Abd al Wahid II
ND (1232-1242)

Gold • 4.53 g • ⌀ 29 mm
A# 489, N# 382793
1 Dinar - Abu'l-Hasan 'Ali
ND (1242-1248)

Gold • 4.57 g • ⌀ 29 mm
A# 490, N# 382794
1 Dinar - Abu'l-'Ula Idris II
ND (1266-1269)

Gold • 4.61 g • ⌀ 29 mm
A# 494, N# 382795
Square ¼ Dirham
ND (1121-1269)

Silver • 0.38 g • 9 × 9 mm
Vives arab# 2209, N# 356708

Islamic states › Almoravid dynasty • Dinar (1040-1147)

AV Dinar (1) - AR Dirham (⁷⁄₁₀) - AE Fals (¹⁄₆₀)

½ Qirat - Tashfin b. 'Ali
ND (1143-1145)

Silver • 0.4 g
Vives arab# 1873, N# 72573
Qirat - Abu Bakr b. 'Umar
ND (1056-1087)

Silver • 0.7 g • ⌀ 11 mm
A# 462, Vives arab# 1443, N# 217157
Qirat - Ali b. Yusuf (sans émir)
ND (1106-1128)

Silver • 0.8 g • ⌀ 11 mm
A# 467.1, N# 386937

The Numista referee for coins of this issuer is simoneo80.

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