Coins from the Duchy of Lower Lotharingia

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In 959, Lotharingia, a vast kingdom with a European dimension, was split into two distinct duchies: Lower Lotharingia and Upper Lotharingia, which becomes simply Lorraine. Lower Lotharingia, also called Lothier, stretches from the Scheldt to the Ems and from the North Sea to the southern tip of the province of Cologne. It was Bruno of Cologne who proceeded to partition and gave Lower Lotharingia to Godfrey I. The title of Duke of Lower Lotharingia formally existed until 1190. Some of its holders became very powerful, such as Gothelo I who even managed to reconstitute Lotharingia for a time by reuniting in the middle of the 11th century the two duchies under his control. The last holder was Godfrey VII, Landgrave of Brabant from 1143. The former Carolingian counties have meanwhile become hereditary feudal entities (counties of Hainaut and Namur, duchies of Brabant, Luxembourg and Bouillon, princely abbey of Stavelot-Malmedy). The cities, which have multiplied, the countryside and the monasteries have also experienced a significant boom in a Meuse region that practices metallurgy and coal mining, and despite Norman and Hungarian attacks.

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Pound (959-1190)

2 Obols = 1 Denier • 12 Deniers = 1 Solidus • 20 Solidi = 1 Carolingian Pound

Denier - Immobilization in the name of Otto I
(962-1000)

Silver • 1.3 g
Dengis Liege# RBN, Type 4B, N# 330362
Denier - Immobilization in the name of Otto II
(973-1000)

Silver • 1.3 g
Häv# –, Dengis Liege# RBN (2021), type 4, 134, Dann Sa# 376, N# 331391
Denier (In the name of Louis I; Antwerp mint)
(1000-1040)

Silver • 1.07 g • ⌀ 18 mm
N# 351520
Denier (In the name of Otto III; Brussels mint)
(1000-1050)

Silver • 0.99 g • ⌀ 20 mm
Dann Sa# 905, N# 347882
Denier (In the name of Otto III; Cologne mint)
(1000-1100)

Silver • 0.86 g
Häv# 111, Dann Sa# 344a, N# 111909
Denier - Gottfried II (Herstal mint)
(1012-1013)

Silver • 0.7 g
Ilisch NL2# 37.5, Dengis Herstal# 01.02, N# 397357
Denier - Godefroid II
(1012-1023)

Silver
Kluge Kar# 229, N# 371623
Denier - Godfrey II and emperor Henry II
(1014-1023)

Silver • 1.04 g
Ilisch NL2# 37.7.1, N# 347912
Denier - Gothelo I / Gothelo II
(1023-1046)

Silver
Kluge Kar# 230, N# 371624
Denier - Gothelo I and emperor Henry III
(1039-1044)

Silver • 1.1 g
Ilisch NL2# 37.7, Dann Sa# 129, N# 331322
Denier - Frederick of Luxembourg
(1046-1065)

Silver • 1.36 g
Ilisch Münster# –, Dann Sa# 1234, N# 347840
Denier - Godfrey III
(1065-1069)

Silver • 0.82 g
Jesse# 28, Dann Sa# 1311, N# 347854
Denier - Godefroid III (Leer)
(1065-1069)

Silver
Kluge Kar# 231, N# 371627

The Numista referee for coins of this issuer is Compendium.

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