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200 Mil Réis Banco da República dos Estados Unidos do Brazil; 1st print

Features

Country Brazil
Period Republic of the United States of Brazil (1889-1967)
Type Standard banknote
Year 1891
Value 200000 Réis (200000.000)
Currency Real (1799-1942)
Composition Paper
Size 200 × 95 mm
Shape Rectangular
Demonetized 1903
References P# S649
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. Modern issues 1961-present (25th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248986.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. General issues, 1368-1960 (16th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247071.
  • George S. Cuhaj (editor); 2013. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. Specialized Issues (12th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440238833.

Obverse

Black on yellow and orange, in calcography and lithography.
On the left, illustration of a steam train symbolizing national integration.
On the right, a figure of two women with a spear and shield, symbolizing the defense of republican ideals.
Below the autograph of the Treasurer of the Amortization Fund.

Lettering:
200
BANCO DA REPUBLICA DOS ESTADOS UNIDOS
DO BRAZIL RIO DE JANEIRO
NA THESOURARIA DO BANCO SE PAGARÁ AO PORTADOR
EM MOEDA DE OURO E A VISTA, A QUANTIA DE
200
DUZENTOS MIL REIS
NOS TERMOS DO DECRETO NUMERO 1154
DE 7 DE DEZEMBRO DE 1890.
200 200
DUZENTOS MIL REIS
THESOUREIRO DA CAIXA DA AMORTIZAÇÃO DIRECTOR
American Bank Note & Co., New York

Translation:
Bank of the Republic of the United States of Brazil Rio de Janeiro
In The Bank's Treasury will be paid to the carrier in gold coin and sight, the amount of
Two Hundred Thousand Reis
Under the terms of Decree Number 1154 of December 7, 1890.
Two Hundred Thousand Reis
Treasurer of the Amortization Fund
Director
American Bank Note & Co., New York

Reverse

168/5000
Black on orange, in calcography and lithography.
In the center, reproduction of the building of the Court Station of the Central Railway of Brazil in 1890 in Rio de Janeiro.

Lettering:
200
DECRETO Nº 1154
DE 7 DE DEZEMBRO
DE 1890
200 200
200
DUZENTOS MIL REIS
AMERICAN BANK NOTE COMPANY, NEW YORK

Translation:
Decree No. 1154 of 7 December 1890
Two Hundred Thousand Reis
American Bank Note Company, New York

Comments

Specimens

Specimen note image (P# S649b)

Specimen note image (P# S649s)

Themes of this banknote
       
(1) Steam locomotive, nicknamed "Maria-Fumaça" (Maria smoke).

      
(2) Two women with spear and shield in the vignette on the right, symbolizing the defense of republican ideals.

      
(3) Building of the Court Station of the Central Railway of Brazil in 1890 in Rio de Janeiro.

Central Railway of Brazil - When the Republic was proclaimed in 1889, the Railway of D. Pedro II had its name changed to Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil (official change on November 22 of that year).

The Central Railway of Brazil was one of the main railroads in Brazil, connecting the then provinces of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Minas Gerais and the then capital of the country.

Central Station of Brazil - It is one of the most famous train stations in Brazil. Until 1998 it was called Estação Dom Pedro II, a name for which it is also known.

It had a building built in 1858 to inaugurate the line of the Central Railway of Brazil, "Estação do Campo".

In time, its name changed to the Court station and, later, Dom Pedro II.

The station is now called Central do Brasil due to the old railroad extinct in 1971 by decision of the RFFSA.

The building constructed in 1858 was renovated years later and finally demolished in the 1930s, to make way for the current one, due to the electrification works and expansion of the system.

notes

To know more... Republic of the United States of Brazil (1st Republic) and Réis (Rs)

Legislation
Decree 253 of March 8, 1890 and Decree 1154 of December 7, 1890

The Bank of the Republic of the United States of Brazil, BREUB, was a Brazilian bank, created on December 7, 1890, resulting from the merger between the Bank of the United States of Brazil and the National Bank of Brazil, chaired by Francisco de Paula Mayrink.

See also

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Date No. printed VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (1891)  17,000 P# S649a; Series #1; Autographed
ND (1891)  P# S649b; Amostra
ND (1891)  P# S649s; Specimen

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Banknotes Brazil 200 Mil Réis (Banco da República dos Estados Unidos do Brazil; 1st print)