20 pesos

Features

Country Cuba
Issuing bank National Bank of Cuba
Period First Republic (1902-1906, 1909-1959)
Type Standard banknote
Years 1949-1960
Value 20 Pesos (20 CUP)
Currency Cuban Peso (moneda nacional, 1914-date)
Composition Paper
Size 156 × 67 mm
Shape Rectangular
Demonetized 08-04-1961
References P# 80
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. Modern issues 1961-present (25th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248986.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. General issues, 1368-1960 (16th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247071.
  • George S. Cuhaj (editor); 2013. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. Specialized Issues (12th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440238833.

Obverse

Portrait of Antonio Maceo in oval frame, at center.
Color: black and olive green.
Serial: red (1949 & 1958); black (1960).
on left, red seal of the National Bank of Cuba.

Lettering:
20 PESOS 20 PESOS
BANCO NACIONAL DE CUBA
VEINTE
20 PESOS
ANTONIO MACEO
GARANTIZADO INTEGRAMENTE CON EL ORO, CAMBIO EXTRANJERO
CONVERTIBLE EN ORO Y TODOS LOS DEMÁS ACTIVOS DEL BANCO NACIONAL DE CUBA.
ESTE BILLETE CONSTITUYE UNA OBLIGACIÓN DEL ESTADO CUBANO.

Translation:
20 Pesos 20 Pesos
National Bank of Cuba
Twenty
20 Pesos
Antonio Maceo
Fully Guaranteed with the gold, foreign exchange.
Convertible into gold and all the other assets of the National Bank of Cuba
This note constitutes an obligation of the Cuban State.

Engraver: American Bank Note Company (U.S.A.) - ABNC

Reverse

Coat of arms at center, in oval frame. Denomination on left and right. Country name on top.

Lettering:
REPUBLICA DE CUBA
VEINTE VEINTE
PESOS PESOS
ESTE BILLETE TIENE CURSO LEGAL Y FUERZA LIBERATORIA ILIMITADA, DE ACUERDO CON LA LEY, PARA EL PAGO DE TODA OBLIGACION CONTRAIDA O ACUMPLIR EN EL TERRITORIO NACIONAL.

Translation:
Republic of Cuba
Twenty Twenty
Pesos Pesos
This note is legal tender and has unlimited liberatory force, in accordance with the law,
for payment of all obligations, contracted or to be fulfilled, on the whole national territory

Comments

Printer: ABNC

Antonio Maceo, "The Bronze Titan" (nickname given for being wounded over 20 times in battle) was born at Santiago de Cuba. Was a Cuban general reached second-in-command of Cuban Independence Army, that fought for several years.

He adopted the fight style of Máximo Gómez, using "machete" as sword, mainly owing to lack of fire weapons an ammunition on the time.

Is mostly known for the "Protesta de  Baraguá" (Baraguá Protest), when he did not accept the terms of the Zanjón Pact, that ended the Ten Years War, as he understood the targets of the Revolution were not included: abolition of slavery and independence of Cuba.

His attitude is reflected in this quote:  "That (country) which attempts to seize Cuba, will gather the dust of its ground soaked in blood, if he does not perish in fight."

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1949  55% P# 80a - Red serial#, Signatures: Felipe Pazos Roque, Antonio Prío Soccarrás
1949  0% P# 80s1 - Specimen, overprint: MUESTRA
1958  43% P# 80b - Red serial #, Signatures: Joaquín Martínez Sáenz, Alejandro Herrera Arango
1958  0% P# 80s2 - Specimen, overprint: MUESTRA
1960  26% P# 80c - Black serial# , Signatures: Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Rolando Díaz Astaraín.
1960  0% P# 80s3 - Specimen, overprint: MUESTRA

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this banknote. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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