5 Pesos

Features

Country Cuba
Issuing bank National Bank of Cuba
Period First Republic (1902-1906, 1909-1959)
Type Standard banknote
Years 1949-1950
Value 5 Pesos (5 CUP)
Currency Cuban Peso (moneda nacional, 1914-date)
Composition Paper
Size 156 × 67 mm
Shape Rectangular
Demonetized 08-04-1961
References P# 78
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. General issues, 1368-1960 (16th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA.
  • George S. Cuhaj (editor); 2013. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. Specialized Issues (12th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money. Modern issues 1961-present (25th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA.

Obverse

Portrait of Maximo Gomez in oval frame, at center.
Color: black and orange.
Serial: red
on left, red seal of the National Bank of Cuba.

Lettering:
5 PESOS 5 PESOS
BANCO NACIONAL DE CUBA
CINCO
5 PESOS
MAXIMO GOMEZ
GARANTIZADO INTEGRAMENTE CON EL ORO, CAMBIO EXTRANJERO
CONVERTIBLE EN ORO Y TODOS LOS DEMÁS ACTIVOS DEL BANCO NACIONAL DE CUBA.
ESTE BILLETE CONSTITUYE UNA OBLIGACIÓN DEL ESTADO CUBANO.

Translation:
5 Pesos 5 Pesos
National Bank of Cuba
Five
5 Pesos
Maximo Gomez
Fully Guaranteed with the gold, foreign exchange.
Convertible into gold and all the other assets of the National Bank of Cuba
This note constitutes an obligation of the Cuban State.

Engraver: American Bank Note Company (U.S.A.) - ABNC

Reverse

Cuban coat of arms at center, in circle frame. Country name on top; face value in numbers and letters on both ends.

Lettering:
REPUBLICA DE CUBA
5 5
PESOS PESOS
5 5
ESTE BILLETE TIENE CURSO LEGAL Y FUERZA LIBERATORIA ILIMITADA, DE ACUERDO CON LA LEY,
PARA EL PAGO DE TODA OBLIGACIÓN CONTRAÍDA O A CUMPLIR EN EL TERRITORIO NACIONAL.

Translation:
Republic of Cuba
5 5
Pesos Pesos
5 5
This note is legal tender and has unlimited liberatory force, in accordance with the law,
for payment of all obligations, contracted or to be fulfilled, on the whole national territory

Comments

Printer: ABNC

Máximo Gómez y Báez, born at the current Dominican Republic on 1836, that at the moment was the Independent State of Spanish Haiti, under domination of Haiti (French side).
At 16 years old, joined Dominican Army to fight against Haitian occupation, and when Santo Domingo (the island name) re-joined Spain as colony, he passed to Spanish Army. Fought against Revolutionaries who wanted to regain their independence from Spain, and after victory of independents, moved to Cuba.

At Cuba suffered the oppression of Spanish Army, so joined to Cuban revolutionaries. Owing to his knowledge of tactics and strategies very soon was named Major General by President Céspedes.

He is famous for having commanded the first "Carga al Machete" (Machete attack).

Was named War Secretary, and General Chief (that he refused), and owing to his sight of problems within the Cuban forces, decided to leave and went to Jamaica. Later resided at Honduras, where had high positions in the local army and government, and then went to Costa Rica, where took contact with Antonio Maceo, joined Martí cause, and on 1895 signed the Montecristi Manifesto.

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1949  52% P# 78a - Issued note. Signatures: Felipe Pazos Roque & Antonio Prío Soccarás
1949  0% P# 78s1 - Specimen, overprint: MUESTRA
1950  61% P# 78b - Issued note. Signatures: Felipe Pazos Roque & José M. Bosch Lamarque
1950  0% P# 78s2 - Specimen, overprint: MUESTRA

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this banknote. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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