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Coins from Persia

Ancient coins › Persia

The name "Persia" (in ancient persian: Pārsa) has been for a long time used to refer to the nation of modern Iran, their own people and own ancient empires. It is defined as "Great Persia" the territory that had a significant cultural influence and historical importanc; this includes not only Iran, but also the current republics of Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, the regions of the Caucasus, western Asia, central Asia and parts of southern Asia, until India and China. It has been ruled from the 6th century BC to the 7th century AD by various imperial dynasties, such as the Achaemenids, the Macedonians, the Seleucids, the Parthians, and the Sasanians, up to the Islamic rising and the Arab Caliphates. Around 550 BC King Cyrus II of Persia, known as Cyrus the Great, founded the Achaemenid dynasty. Between 522 and 486 BC King Darius I brought the Empire to its greatest extension establishing a precise administrative and financial structure, dividing it into satrapies (Persian provinces). The decline of the Empire occurred in 330 BC with the defeat of Darius III by Alexander the Great. The empire of Alexander shattered after his death and one of his general, Seleucus I, seized part of it. Thus the Seleucid dynasty began. This dynasty gradually lost the control of Persia and around 247 BC the Arsacid dynasty conquered Partia and founded the Parthian Empire. In 224 AD, following the fall of the Parthian Empire, Ardashir I established the Sasanian empire. It was the last pre-Islamic Persian empire. In fact, it was conquered by Rashidun Caliphate (one of the firsts Islamic states). Several cities continued to resist against the Islamic authority, but around 651 AD most of its territory was annexed to the Islamic caliphate, thus completing the fall of this empire. Read more

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Achaemenid Empire - Daric (550 BC-330 BC)

AV Daric (1) - AR Siglos (1/20) - 1/24 Siglos (0.26 gr) - 1/12 Siglos (0.44 gr) - 1/8 Siglos (0.70 gr) - 1/6 Siglos (0.88 gr) - 1/4 Siglos (1.30 gr) - 1/3 Siglos (1.81 gr)

¼ Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Darius III - 405-330BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type C) – obverse
¼ Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Darius III - 405-330BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type C) – reverse
¼ Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Darius III - 405-330BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type C)
(375 BC - 330 BC)
Silver (.950) • 1.27 g • ⌀ 10 mm
SNG Cop# 1041, Barclay VH# -
Siglos - Darius I - 522-486 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 1st type) – obverse
Siglos - Darius I - 522-486 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 1st type) – reverse
Siglos - Darius I - 522-486 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 1st type)
(521 BC - 505 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.31 g • ⌀ 12 mm
SNG Cop# 278, BMC Greek# 197
Siglos - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 2nd type) – obverse
Siglos - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 2nd type) – reverse
Siglos - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 2nd type)
(510 BC - 480 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.30 g • ⌀ 12 mm
SNG Cop# 1027-1028
Siglos - Artaxerxes I / Artaxerxes II - 465-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - late) – obverse
Siglos - Artaxerxes I / Artaxerxes II - 465-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - late) – reverse
Siglos - Artaxerxes I / Artaxerxes II - 465-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - late)
(450 BC - 375 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.5 g • ⌀ 15 mm
SNG Cop# 1029, BMC Greek# 69
Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Artaxerxes III - 405-338 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - late) – obverse
Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Artaxerxes III - 405-338 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - late) – reverse
Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Artaxerxes III - 405-338 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - late)
(405 BC - 338 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.1 g • ⌀ 15 mm
SNG Cop# 1029, MAC# 110, BMC Greek# 69
Siglos - Darius I / Artaxerxes II - 522-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type) – obverse
Siglos - Darius I / Artaxerxes II - 522-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type) – reverse
Siglos - Darius I / Artaxerxes II - 522-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type)
(490 BC - 375 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.49 g • ⌀ 15 mm
SNG Cop# 1029-1030, BMC Greek# 15-69
Siglos - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type A) – obverse
Siglos - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type A) – reverse
Siglos - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type A)
(490 BC - 475 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.3 g • ⌀ 15 mm
SNG Cop# 1030, BMC Greek# 15
Siglos - Xerxes I / Artaxerxes II - 486-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B) – obverse
Siglos - Xerxes I / Artaxerxes II - 486-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B) – reverse
Siglos - Xerxes I / Artaxerxes II - 486-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B)
(470 BC - 420 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.34 g • ⌀ 13 mm
SNG Cop# 1030, BMC Greek# 69
Siglos - Xerxes I / Darius II - 486-405 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - early) – obverse
Siglos - Xerxes I / Darius II - 486-405 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - early) – reverse
Siglos - Xerxes I / Darius II - 486-405 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type B - early)
(485 BC - 420 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.33 g • ⌀ 15 mm
SNG Cop# 1030, Barclay VH# Plate I - 25, BMC Greek# 15-69
Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Darius III - 405-330 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type C - late) – obverse
Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Darius III - 405-330 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type C - late) – reverse
Siglos - Artaxerxes II / Darius III - 405-330 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type C - late)
(375 BC - 330 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5.52 g • ⌀ 14 mm
SNG Cop# 1031, Barclay VH# Plate I - 27, BMC Greek# 176
Siglos - Artaxerxes I / Darius III - 465-330 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type) – obverse
Siglos - Artaxerxes I / Darius III - 465-330 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type) – reverse
Siglos - Artaxerxes I / Darius III - 465-330 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 4th type)
(450 BC - 330 BC)
Silver (.950) • 5 g • ⌀ 14 mm
SNG Cop# 1031-1033-1041, BMC Greek# 176
Daric - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 2nd type) – obverse
Daric - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 2nd type) – reverse
Daric - Darius I / Xerxes I - 522-465 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 2nd type)
(510 BC - 480 BC)
Gold (.970) • 8.32 g • ⌀ 18 mm
BMC Greek# 184, SNG Cop# 1446
Daric - Darius I / Artaxerxes II - 522-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type) – obverse
Daric - Darius I / Artaxerxes II - 522-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type) – reverse
Daric - Darius I / Artaxerxes II - 522-358 BC (THE ROYAL COINAGE - 3rd type)
(490 BC - 375 BC)
Gold (.970) • 8.30 g • ⌀ 15.8 mm
SNG Cop# 1147, SNG Cop# 274, SNG Cop# 275, SNG Cop# 276, BMC Greek# 3

Indo-Parthian Kingdom - Drachm (12 BC-130 AD)

AR/AE/BI Tetradrachm (4) - AR/AE/BI Drachm (1) - AE Unit / Tri-Chalkon (1/16)

Tri-Chalkon - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Chach) – obverse
Tri-Chalkon - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Chach) – reverse
Tri-Chalkon - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Chach)
(42-55)
Billon • 6.36 g • ⌀ 19 mm
MIG# 1114, ISCH# 215, ISCH# 215.10
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Sakastan) – obverse
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Sakastan) – reverse
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Sakastan)
(20-55)
Silver • 3.7 g • ⌀ 20 mm
MIG# 1068, ISCH# 210.2aD, ISCH# 210
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Jammu) – obverse
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Jammu) – reverse
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Jammu)
(30-55)
Billon • 2.43 g • ⌀ 12.0 mm
MIG# 1142, ISCH# 222
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Jammu) – obverse
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Jammu) – reverse
Drachm - Gondophares - 12 BC-130 AD (Province of Jammu)
(30-55)
Billon • 2.37 g • ⌀ 11 mm
MIG# 1145, ISCH# 222.v, MWI# 2641

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