Siliqua - Julianus II VOTIS V MVLTIS; Treveri
|Type||Standard circulation coin|
|Currency||The Constantinian Era (337-363)|
|Orientation||Coin alignment ↑↓|
The Roman Imperial Coinage - Vol. VIIIRSC# 157†b
by Kent, J.P.C.
(Spink & Son Ltd., 1981)
Roman Silver Coins
by Herbert A. Seaby, David R. Sear
(Numismatic Fine Arts Intl)
Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
Lettering: DN CL IVLI ANVS AVG
Four lined legend within wreath
Mintmark and palm branch in exergue
Julian (Latin: Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus, Greek: Φλάβιος Κλαύδιος Ἰουλιανὸς Αὔγουστος; 331/332 – 26 June 363), also known as Julian the Apostate was Roman Emperor from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek.
A member of the Constantinian dynasty, Julian became Caesar over the western provinces by order of Constantius II in 355 and in this role campaigned successfully against the Alamanni and Franks. Most notable was his crushing victory over the Alamanni in 357 at the Battle of Argentoratum (Strasbourg), leading his 13,000 men against a Germanic army three times larger. In 360 in Lutetia (Paris) he was proclaimed Augustus by his soldiers, sparking a civil war between Julian and Constantius. Before the two could face each other in battle, however, Constantius died, after naming Julian as his rightful successor. In 363, Julian embarked on an ambitious campaign against the Sassanid Empire. Though initially successful, Julian was mortally wounded in battle and died shortly thereafter.
The emperor Julian the Apostate was gracious to Hillel II https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillel_II, Nasi of the ancient Jewish Sanhedrin between 320 and 385 CE, traditionally regarded as the creator of the modern fixed Hebrew calendar, whom he honored on a number of occasions. In an autograph letter to him, Julian assured him of his friendship and promised to ameliorate further the condition of the Jews. Before setting out for the war with Persia, Julian addressed to the Jewish congregations a circular letter in which he informed them that he had "committed the Jewish tax-rolls to the flames," and that, "desiring to show them still greater favors, he has advised his brother, the venerable patriarch "Julos", to abolish what was called the 'send-tax'".
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|ND (360-363) TR|
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