1 Penny - Edward VIII Pattern


Country Australia
King Edward VIII (1936)
Type Pattern
Year 1937
Value 1 Penny (1/240)
Currency Pound (1910-1966)
Composition Bronze
Weight 9.4 g
Diameter 30.5 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized Yes


Lettering: MODEL


Kangaroo facing left


Designer: George Kruger Gray

George Kruger Gray was an English artist, best remembered for his designs of coinage and stained glass windows.




Royal Mint, London, United Kingdom


Known as Australia's rarest penny, the 1937 Pattern Penny is one of the nation's most important coins. It was struck at the Royal Mint in London as part of the Great Recoinage - a complete revision of Australia's currency originally planned for the first coinage issue of Edward VIII, who abdicated in 1936. (9 to 14 examples known)

This pattern was the first coin to feature what would become the reverse of the Australian penny coins until 1964. The "regular" coin is double-sided. Uniface varieties exist. All coins were proofs.

Some coins were initially struck with an effigy of Edward VIII, which was removed after his abdication and the word "MODEL" struck instead.

A small number of other specimens were then struck with the effigy of King George VI:

See also

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Date Mintage VG F VF XF AU UNC
1937  14 Pattern

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