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Dirham - Al-Mujahid Ali al-Mahjam

Dirham - Al-Mujahid Ali (al-Mahjam) -  obverseDirham - Al-Mujahid Ali (al-Mahjam) -  reverse

© Cycnos

Features

Country Rasulid dynasty
(Arabian Peninsula)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 722-764 (1322-1363)
Calendar Islamic (Hijri)
Value AR Dirham (0.7)
Currency Dinar (1229-1454)
Composition Silver
Weight 1.8 g
Diameter 25 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized Yes

Obverse

(a) Stylized lion (sometimes resembling a monkey), sitting / lying to the left, face head in a hexalobe.
(b) Lion walking left in a hexalobe.

Two series of circular inscriptions on the periphery delimited by circles; presence of a gnat.

Lettering:
الاسلام علي بن الملك المؤيد داود السلطاذ الماك الجاهد سيف
[...] ضرب با لمجم سنة

Translation:
Islam Ali bin of the king
Sultan Mujahid sword
.. a year ago

Reverse

Linear inscriptions in a Hexalobe followed by two series of circumferential circular inscriptions delimited by circles; presence of a gnat.

Comments

Legends may vary from copy to copy and may be abbreviated.
The workshop, followed by the date in full, is inscribed in the outer circle of the obverse.

The iconography of the obverse alone allows us to deduce the workshop: the presence of the lion on this currency thus characterized the emissions of al-Mahjam.
The other symbols used were the fish for the city of Aden, the bird for Zabid and a man sitting for Ta'izz.

The city of Al-Maḥjam seems to have been a major pole under the rassoulid period.
Located not far from the current Az Zaydiyah, it is found in particular on a 16th century canvas depicting the Arabian Peninsula by Giovanni Battista Ramusio and exhibited at the Doge's Palace in Venice.

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
722 (1322) 
ND (1322-1363)  Date off blank / unreadable
723 (1323) 
724 (1324) 
725 (1325) 
726 (1326) 
727 (1327) 
728 (1328) 
729 (1329) 
730 (1330) 
731 (1331) 
732 (1332) 
733 (1333) 
734 (1334) 
735 (1335) 
736 (1336) 
737 (1337) 
738 (1338) 
739 (1339) 
740 (1340) 
741 (1341) 
742 (1342) 
743 (1343) 
744 (1344) 
745 (1345) 
746 (1346) 
747 (1347) 
748 (1348) 
749 (1349) 
750 (1350) 
751 (1351) 
752 (1352) 
753 (1352) 
754 (1353) 
755 (1354) 
756 (1355) 
757 (1356) 
758 (1357) 
759 (1358) 
760 (1359) 
761 (1360) 
762 (1361) 
763 (1362) 
764 (1363) 

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