1 Dirham - Chaka Saqci mint

1 Dirham - Chaka (Saqci mint) - obverse1 Dirham - Chaka (Saqci mint) - reverse

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Issuer Second Bulgarian Empire
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1299-1300
Value 1 Dirham
Currency Grosh (1185-1396)
Composition Silver
Weight 1.3 g
Diameter 20 mm
Shape Round (irregular)
Technique Hammered
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 150770
Numista type number (https://en.numista.com/help/what-is-the-n-number-visible-in-the-catalogue-33.html)


Tamgha with greek inscriptions


Chaka as a horseman

Lettering: TEAKAΣ or TEAKA

Translation: CHAKA




1 Dirham - Chaka /Son of Noghai/ - Emperor of Bulgaria - 1299-1300 AD (Saqci mint)

Chaka did not long enjoy his new position of power as Bulgarian Emperor, as the armies of Toqta followed him into Bulgaria and besieged Tărnovo. Theodore Svetoslav, who had been instrumental in assisting Chaka's seizure of power, organized a plot in which Chaka was deposed and strangled in prison in 1300. His head was sent to Toqta, which in turn secured Theodore Svetoslav's position as the new emperor of Bulgaria. It seems that Theodore Svetoslav's cooperation contributed to the withdrawal of Mongol interference in Bulgaria.

The scarse coin is minted in Saqci /Isaccea-North Dobroudja, Romania). The style of this type is more medieval Bulgarian than Islamic. So this issue was struck in Saqci by Chaka, during the short time between the death of his father Nogay (A.H.699) and his own death in the hands of the Bularian ruler Sviatoslav (A.H.700), that's between September, 28, 1299 and September, 6, 1301.The legends in Greek and the cross appear on this issue as the people under the rule of the Nogayds - including some early Romanians ... - were familiar with the Byzantine culture and religion, so they would understand and accept such coins easier.

The excessive rarity of these coins is easy to explain. Both Nogay and his son Chaka were "usurper" khans (they actually took this title - Nogay issued coins with the legend "khan al'adil Noghayan") so after they were defeated by the khan from Saray, Toqta, they suffered a kind of "damnatio memoriae", so any testimonies from their rebellion were destroyed or transformed. It is very likely that the coins of Nogay and Chaka - struck in fairly small amounts, anyway - were hunted and melted down and from the resulting metal Toqta issued coins bearing his name. The name of Chaka is written as "Τζακας" following many rules. As “Τζ” was pronounced “Ч”-“Сh” in Pontic dialects of Greek, as “epsilon” in the written form was not “E” but “Є”, as “sigma” was not “Σ” but “C”, taking the star for "K", we have the following transcription: ΤΖΑΚΑC. That seems to be “E” is “Z”.

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ND (1299-1300)  Saqci mint

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Numista Rarity index: 97 Search tips
This index is based on the data of Numista members collections. It ranges from 0 to 100, 0 meaning a very common coin or banknote and 100 meaning a rare coin or banknote among Numista members.

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