1 Solidus - Odovacar / In the name of Zeno, 476-491 With star to the right

Features

Country Herulian Kingdom
King Odovacar (476-493)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 480-491
Value 1 Solidus (1)
Currency Solidus (476-493)
Composition Gold
Weight 4.18 g
Diameter 22 mm
Shape Round
Demonetized Yes
References RIC X# 3657,
John P. C. Kent, Robert A. G. Carson, Andrew Burnett; 1994. The Roman Imperial Coinage / Volume 10. The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts (AD 395–491). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9781912667376.
MEC# 335,
  • Philip Grierson, Mark Blackburn; 2007. Medieval European Coinage / Volume 1. The Early Middle Ages (5th-10th Centuries). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780521031776.
  • Jørgen Steen Jensen, Elina Screen; Medieval European Coinage / Volume 10. The Nordic Countries (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Ernest Oberländer-Târnoveanu; Medieval European Coinage / Volume 11. Hungary and the Balkans (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • William R. Day Jr., Michael Matzke, Andrea Saccocci; 2016. Medieval European Coinage / Volume 12. Italy I: Northern Italy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780521260213.
  • William R. Day Jr.; Medieval European Coinage / Volume 13. Italy II: Central Italy (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Philip Grierson, Lucia Travaini; 1998. Medieval European Coinage / Volume 14. Italy III: South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780521582315.
  • Borys Paszkiewicz; Medieval European Coinage / Volume 15. Central and Eastern Europe (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Julian Baker, Richard Kelleher, Robert Kool; Medieval European Coinage / Volume 16. The Latin East (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Philip Grierson (editor); Medieval European Coinage / Volume 17. Kingdoms of Arles and Lorraine (unpublished). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Peter Illisch; Medieval European Coinage / Volume 2. Germany I: Western Germany (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780521260107.
  • Philip Grierson (editor); Medieval European Coinage / Volume 3. Germany II: North-Eastern Germany (unpublished). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780521260114.
  • Philip Grierson (editor); Medieval European Coinage / Volume 4. Germany III: Central and Southern Germany (unpublished). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780521260121.
  • Philip Grierson (editor); Medieval European Coinage / Volume 5.a. France I: The Age of the Denier (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Philip Grierson (editor); Medieval European Coinage / Volume 5.b. France II: Later Royal and Feudal Coinages (unpublished). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Philip Grierson, Miquel Crusafont i Sabater, Anna Balaguer I Prunes; 2013. Medieval European Coinage / Volume 6. The Iberian Peninsula. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780521260145.
  • Philip Grierson, Peter Spufford, Serge Boffa; Medieval European Coinage / Volume 7.a. The Low Countries I: The Early Coinage and the Pre-Burgundian South (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Philip Grierson (editor); Medieval European Coinage / Volume 7.b. The Low Countries II: The North and the Burgundian Period (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Rory Naismith; 2017. Medieval European Coinage / Volume 8. Britain and Ireland, c. 400-1066. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780521260169.
  • Martin Allen; Medieval European Coinage / Volume 9.a. British Isles, 1066-1279 (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
  • Philip Grierson (editor); Medieval European Coinage / Volume 9.b. British Isles, 1279-1509 (in preparation). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Boutin# 1000,
Serge Boutin; 1983. Monnaies des Empires de Byzance : Collection N. K.. A. G. van der Dussen, Maastricht, Netherlands.
Lacam# cl. II,
Guy Lacam; 1983. La fin de L'Empire romain et le monayage or en Italie. Hess , Lucerne, Switzerland.
Depeyr Arl# 92
Georges Depeyrot; 1996. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles : quatrième-cinquième siècles. Moneta, Wetteren, Belgium. ISBN 9789074623100.

Obverse

Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust holding spear over shoulder, all surrounded by legend.

Lettering: D N ZENO P - ERPF AVG

Translation:
Dominus Noster Zeno Perpetuus Augustus
Our Lord, Zeno, perpetual August

Reverse

Winged Victory facing left while holding cross, all surrounded by legend.

Lettering:
VICTORI - A AVCCC · A ·
COMOB

Translation:
Victoria Augustus / Constantinople
Victory of the August / Costantinople

Edge

Smooth.

Comments

Different letters/symbols appear at the end of the reverse legend. One theory says they indicate the year; however, the most supported theory suggests they are just officina letters.

No date (without letter/symbol):
1) D N ZENO - PERP AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC - COMOB

No date (with two dots):
1) D N ZENO P - ERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC : - COMOB

No date (with A):
1) D N ZENO P - ERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC · A · - COMOB

No date (with I):
1) D N ZENO - PERP AVG / VICTORI-A AVCCC I - CONOB

No date (with N):
1) D N ZENO - PERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC N - CONOB

No date (with RV):
1) D N ZENO - PERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC - CONOB RV

No date (with regular S):
1) D N ZENO - PERP AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC S - CONOB

No date (with retrograde S):
1)D N ZENO - PERP AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC S - CONOB

No date (with Γ and with two dots):
1) D N ZENO P - ERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC R - COMOB

No date (with Γ and without two dots):
D N ZENO P-ERP F AVG / VICTORI-A AVCCC G - COMOB

While basically every coin formats the end reverse mark the same, the one exception goes to the RV mark, which has the letters orientated the same way as the CONOB, making it appear like an extension of that mark.

A coin with the RV mark:


© Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG

While the coins with the Γ (G) and two dots are often attributed to Odovacar, the coins with the Γ and without the two dots are often attributed to Theoderic under the Ostrogoths. Even so, a coin has been found with the Γ mark using the same obverse die as coins stuck under Odovacar, meaning those coins are likely not Ostrogothic.

The coin with the Γ mark using the same obverse die as other Odovacar coins:


© Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (480-491)  Uncertain Mint
ND (480-491) : Struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) A Struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) I Struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) N Struck in Ravenna
ND (480-491) RV Struck in Ravenna
ND (480-491) S Regular S; possibly struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) S Retrograde S; possibly struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) Γ Struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) Γ: Struck in Roma/Rome

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