1 Solidus - Odovacar / In the name of Zeno, 476-491 With star to the right

Features

Country Herulian Kingdom
King Odovacar (476-493)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 480-491
Value 1 Solidus (1)
Currency Solidus (476-493)
Composition Gold
Weight 4.18 g
Diameter 22 mm
Shape Round
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 151484
Numista (https://numista.com)
References RIC X# 3657,
John P. C. Kent, Robert A. G. Carson, Andrew Burnett; 1994. The Roman Imperial Coinage / Volume 10. The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts (AD 395–491). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.
MEC# 335,
Philip Grierson, Mark Blackburn; 2007. Medieval European Coinage / Volume 1. The Early Middle Ages (5th-10th Centuries). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
And 19 more volumes.
Boutin# 1000,
Serge Boutin; 1983. Monnaies des Empires de Byzance : Collection N. K.. A. G. van der Dussen, Maastricht, Netherlands.
Lacam# cl. II,
Guy Lacam; 1983. La fin de L'Empire romain et le monayage or en Italie. Hess , Lucerne, Switzerland.
Depeyr Arl# 92
Georges Depeyrot; 1996. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles : quatrième-cinquième siècles. Moneta, Wetteren, Belgium.

Obverse

Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust holding spear over shoulder, all surrounded by legend.

Lettering: D N ZENO P - ERPF AVG

Translation:
Dominus Noster Zeno Perpetuus Augustus
Our Lord, Zeno, perpetual August

Reverse

Winged Victory facing left while holding cross, all surrounded by legend.

Lettering:
VICTORI - A AVCCC · A ·
COMOB

Translation:
Victoria Augustus / Constantinople
Victory of the August / Costantinople

Edge

Smooth.

Comments

Different letters/symbols appear at the end of the reverse legend. One theory says they indicate the year; however, the most supported theory suggests they are just officina letters.

No date (without letter/symbol):
1) D N ZENO - PERP AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC - COMOB

No date (with two dots):
1) D N ZENO P - ERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC : - COMOB

No date (with A):
1) D N ZENO P - ERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC · A · - COMOB

No date (with I):
1) D N ZENO - PERP AVG / VICTORI-A AVCCC I - CONOB

No date (with N):
1) D N ZENO - PERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC N - CONOB

No date (with RV):
1) D N ZENO - PERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC - CONOB RV

No date (with regular S):
1) D N ZENO - PERP AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC S - CONOB

No date (with retrograde S):
1)D N ZENO - PERP AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC S - CONOB

No date (with Γ and with two dots):
1) D N ZENO P - ERPF AVC / VICTORI - A AVCCC R - COMOB

No date (with Γ and without two dots):
D N ZENO P-ERP F AVG / VICTORI-A AVCCC G - COMOB

While basically every coin formats the end reverse mark the same, the one exception goes to the RV mark, which has the letters orientated the same way as the CONOB, making it appear like an extension of that mark.

A coin with the RV mark:


© Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG

While the coins with the Γ (G) and two dots are often attributed to Odovacar, the coins with the Γ and without the two dots are often attributed to Theoderic under the Ostrogoths. Even so, a coin has been found with the Γ mark using the same obverse die as coins stuck under Odovacar, meaning those coins are likely not Ostrogothic.

The coin with the Γ mark using the same obverse die as other Odovacar coins:


© Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (480-491)  Uncertain Mint
ND (480-491) : Struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) A Struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) I Struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) N Struck in Ravenna
ND (480-491) RV Struck in Ravenna
ND (480-491) S Regular S; possibly struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) S Retrograde S; possibly struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) Γ Struck in Roma/Rome
ND (480-491) Γ: Struck in Roma/Rome

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