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1 Cent - Elizabeth II 3rd portrait

1 Cent - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait) -  obverse1 Cent - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait) -  reverse

© Mike Bentley

Features

Country Australia
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1985-1991
Value 1 Cent
0.01 AUD = 0.0068 USD
Currency Dollar (1966-date)
Composition Bronze
Weight 2.60 g
Diameter 17.51 mm
Thickness 1.50 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
References KM# 78,
Standard Catalog of World Coins
by George S. Cuhaj
(Krause Publications)
Schön# 65
Weltmünzkatalog
by Gerhard Schön, Günter Schön
(Battenberg Gietl Verlag)

Obverse

3rd portrait of Queen Elizabeth II facing right wearing the King George IV State Diadem

Lettering:
ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
RDM

Engraver: Raphael David Maklouf

Raphael David Maklouf is a sculptor, best known for designing the effigy of Queen Elizabeth II used on the coins of many Commonwealth nations. Maklouf was born in Jerusalem emigrating with his family to the United Kingdom after the Second World War. He attended the Camberwell School of Art until 1958, afterward becoming an academic lecturer for ten years. He was made an Associate of the Royal Society of British Sculptors in 1979. Raphael Maklouf was born to a Jewish family. His father is Samuel Maklouf, born in Safed, Raphael Makouf's mother is Leonie Maklouf.

Reverse

Feather-tailed Glider (Acrobates pygmaeus)

Lettering:
1
SD

Engraver: Stuart Devlin

Stuart Leslie Devlin, AO, CMG is a significant contemporary gold and silversmith. Australian-born, he has designed coins for countries around the world, and became especially well known as London-based designer of gold and silver collector's items in the 1970s and 80s.

Edge

Smooth

1 Cent - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait) -  obverse

© Mike Bentley

Comments

This bronze coin was released into Circulation and included in Year Proof and UNC sets until it was removed from circulation in 1991.  

From 1985 the RAM updated the obverse of the 1 cent coin with the Raphael Makleouf 3rd Effigy of Queen Elizabeth II. The coins was used until 1990 after which the 1 cent coin was withdrawn from circulation. None were issued into circulation in 1991. 1991 coins can only be found in sets.

The decision to stop minting it was announced in August 1990. The main reasons included the diminishing purchasing power of the coin and the rising costs of its production which eventually overtook its face value.

A Fine Silver (.999) Proof version of this coin was released in the 1991 Masterpieces in Silver Set.

See also

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Year Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC
1985  38,300,000 0.35 0.35 Circulation
1985  74,089 Proof Year Set
1985  170,000 UNC Year Set
1986  67,000 Proof Year Set
1986  180,000 UNC Year Set
1987  122,000,000 0.20 0.45 0.69 Circulation
1987  69,684 Proof Year Set
1987  200,000 UNC Year Set
1988  105,900,000 0.30 0.30 1.42 Circulation
1988  3,000 Proof Sydney International Coin Fair Set
1988  101,518 Proof Year Set
1988  10,000 UNC Sydney International Coin Fair Set
1988  240,000 UNC Year Set
1989  168,000,000 0.22 0.22 0.88 Circulation
1989  5,000 Proof Sydney International Coin Fair Set
1989  67,618 Proof Year Set
1989  150,602 UNC Year Set
1990  52,993,000 0.66 0.66 0.23 Circulation
1990  1,985 Proof Sydney International Coin Fair Set
1990  51,015 Proof Year Set
1990  103,766 UNC Year Set
1991  1,000 Proof Singapore International Coin Fair Set
1991  41,490 Proof Year Set
1991  200 UNC Singapore International Coin Fair Set
1991  147,900 UNC Year Set

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging coins. Numista does not buy or sell coins.

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1 Cent - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait)