|Type||Standard circulation coin|
|Value||Tetradrachm = 4 Drachm (4)|
|Orientation||Coin alignment ↑↓|
Dionysus holding a kantharos in extended right hand, reclining left on back of ass walking right.
Five bunches of grapes within linear square frame, all surrounded by shallow incuse frame containing city name.
Mende (Greek: Μένδη) was an ancient Greek city located on the western coast of the Pallene peninsula in Chalkidiki, facing the coast of Pieria across the narrow Thermaic Gulf and near the modern town of Kalandra. Present day Chalcidice, Greece. Chalkidiki is a peninsula and regional unit of present day Greece, part of the Region of Central Macedonia in Northern Greece.
The types of its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos and his companion Seilenos (Macdonald, Coin Types, p. 108). The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. Mende was first capture by Philip, B.C. 358.
Mende was probably built during the 9th century BC by Eretrian colonists. The city owes its name to the minthe plant, a species of mint that still sprouts in the area. Mende's abundant lumber resources and possession of silver, gold and lead mines led to its rapid development. From the 6th century BC, it was one of the cities that controlled trade routes along the coast of Thrace; there were even confirmed dealings with the Greek colonies in Italy, especially concerning the export of the famous local wine Mendaeos oinos.
During the 5th century BC, Mende became one of the most important allies of Athens and joined the Delian League, paying a tax that varied from six up to fifteen Attic talents per year. However, in 423 BC, it managed to revolt against Athenian rule, a situation that did not last long as the Athenians quickly suppressed the revolt (Thuc. iv. 121). During the Peloponnesian War, Mende, Toroni and Skione were the main regional goals of the two combatants, Athens and Sparta, specially after Brasidas,the Spartan general, raised an army of allies and helots and went for the sources of Athenian power in north Greece in 424. After the end of the war, Mende regained its independence.
The city tried to avoid Olynthian rule in the 4th century BC, when the Chalkidician League was established; later it tried to avoid rule by the Macedonian hegemony, but in 315 its population, along with other Chalkidicians, was forced to resettle in Cassandreia, after this new city was built by king Cassander on the site of the former town of Poteidaea.
Ancient Mende, which flourished due to the exports of the prominent Mendean wine, was one of the colonies of Eretria founded in the peninsula of Pallini in the 8th c. B.C.
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