Chalkon Overstruck

Features

Issuer Pantikapaion (Taurica)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 275 BC - 265 BC
Value 1 Chalkon = 1/48 Drachm (1/48)
Currency Drachm
Composition Copper
Weight 6.08 g
Diameter 19 mm
Shape Round
Technique Hammered
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 166878
Numista type number (https://numista.com)

Obverse

Wreathed head of young satyr (Pan) looking left; star countermark

Reverse

Lion head left, sturgeon below; gorytos (Scythian bow-case) countermark.

Lettering: ПАN

Translation: Abbreviation of Panticapaeum (Pantikapaion) city

Comments

There are two main types of these coins, according to Anokhin (2011), which can be distinguished based on countermark.
Anokhin (2011) type 1044 - overstrucked (and usually irregurarly positioned) countermarks.
Anokhin (2011) type 1045 - countermarks are cut in dies (vertically oriented).
Weight varies - 4.2-7.4 grams.
Diameter varies - 18-21 mm.
There are several different types of star countermark, which may have 9 to 16 rays.
There is a variation with the reverse postion of the countermarks (the star is on the reverse).

References:
Anokhin V.A. 2011. Antique coins of northern Black Sea Coastal Region: Catalogue. Kiev, Stilos. 326 pp. [in Russian with English summary]

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (275 BC - 265 BC)  10-rayed star; countermarks cut in dies
ND (275 BC - 265 BC)  10-rayed star; overstrucked countermarks
ND (275 BC - 265 BC)  12-rayed star; overstrucked countermarks
ND (275 BC - 265 BC)  12-rayed star; overstrucked countermarks; reversed countermarks (star is on the reverse, gorytus is on obverse)
ND (275 BC - 265 BC)  13-rayed star; countermarks cut in dies
ND (275 BC - 265 BC)  14-rayed star; countermarks cut in dies
ND (275 BC - 265 BC)  16-rayed star; countermarks cut in dies

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Feedback: 5/55/55/55/55/5 (×195)
Country: Russia
Languages : English Russian
Numista Rarity index: 91 Search tips
This index is based on the data of Numista members collections. It ranges from 0 to 100, 0 meaning a very common coin or banknote and 100 meaning a rare coin or banknote among Numista members.

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