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20 Cents - Elizabeth II 3rd portrait

20 Cents - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait) -  obverse20 Cents - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait) -  reverse

© Mike Bentley

Features

Country Australia
Queen Elizabeth II (1952-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1985-2019
Value 20 Cents
0.20 AUD = 0.14 USD
Currency Dollar (1966-date)
Composition Copper-nickel
Weight 11.31 g
Diameter 28.52 mm
Thickness 2 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
References KM# 82,
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Michael, Thomas & Tracy L. Schmidt; 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Michael, Thomas (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
Schön# 69
  • Gerhard Schön; 2020. Weltmünzkatalog 20. Jahrhundert: 1901-2000 (47. Auflage). Battenberg, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461840.
  • Kahnt, Helmut & Günter Schön; 2016. Weltmünzkatalog 19. Jahrhundert: 1801-1900 (17. Auflage). Battenberg. ISBN 9783866461185.
  • Schön, Gerhard & Sebastian Krämer; 2017. Weltmünzkatalog 21. Jahrhundert: 2001-2016 (3. Auflage). Battenberg. ISBN 9783866461383.

Obverse

3rd portrait of Queen Elizabeth II facing right wearing the King George IV State Diadem

Lettering:
ELIZABETH II
AUSTRALIA 1985
RDM

Engraver: Raphael David Maklouf

Raphael David Maklouf is a sculptor, best known for designing the effigy of Queen Elizabeth II used on the coins of many Commonwealth nations. Maklouf was born in Jerusalem emigrating with his family to the United Kingdom after the Second World War. He attended the Camberwell School of Art until 1958, afterward becoming an academic lecturer for ten years. He was made an Associate of the Royal Society of British Sculptors in 1979. Raphael Maklouf was born to a Jewish family. His father is Samuel Maklouf, born in Safed, Raphael Makouf's mother is Leonie Maklouf.

Reverse

Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) and the numeral "20"

Lettering:
20
SD

Engraver: Stuart Devlin

Stuart Leslie Devlin, AO, CMG is a significant contemporary gold and silversmith. Australian-born, he has designed coins for countries around the world, and became especially well known as London-based designer of gold and silver collector's items in the 1970s and 80s.

Edge

Reeded

20 Cents - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait) -  obverse

© Mike Bentley

Mint

Royal Australian Mint, Canberra, Australia (1965-date)

Comments

This Copper-nickel 20 cent coin was first released into circulation by the RAM in 1985. This coin has the standard Stuart Devlin Platypus reverse used since 1966 but was updated with the Ralph David Makleouf obverse. The new obverse replaced the previous Arnold Machin obverse. The RDM Obverse was used until 1998 when it was also replaced with the Ian Rank-Broadley obverse.

No circulation coins were issued in 1986, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992 & 1995. These years are only available by breaking up a Year Set. RAM records show that (174,000) 1988 & (1,490,000) 1993 coins were issued into circulation but it is thought to be a mistake. Those 2 years can only be found in UNC & Proof Sets.

In 2019 a special release was issued to commemorate "Effigies Over Time" The RDM effigy was chosen to be used on the 20 cent coin in the Set which were all dated 2019.

See also

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Date Mintage VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1985  2,700,000 13.55 4% Circulation
1985  74,089 10.12 1.0% Proof Year Set
1985  170,000 0.6% UNC Year Set
1986  67,000 0.01 1.4% Proof Year Set
1986  180,000 2.91 3% UNC Year Set
1987  69,684 0.9% Proof Year Set
1987  200,000 3.12 3% UNC Year Set
1988  174,000 1.2% Circulation (None Found)
1988  3,000 0.06% Proof International Coin Fair
1988  101,518 16.76 1.4% Proof Year Set
1988  10,000 0.06% UNC International Coin Fair
1988  240,000 3% UNC Year Set
1989  5,000 0.06% Proof International Coin Fair
1989  67,618 1.2% Proof Year Set
1989  150,602 3% UNC Year Set
1990  1,985 0.06% Proof International Coin Fair
1990  51,015 0.6% Proof Year Set
1990  103,766 1.9% UNC Year Set
1991  1,000 0.06% Proof Singapore Coin Fair
1991  41,490 21.45 0.6% Proof Year Set
1991  200 0.06% UNC Singapore Coin Fair
1991  147,700 2.0% UNC Year Set
1992  56,367 1.0% Proof Year Set
1992  118,528 1.5% UNC Year Set
1993  1,490,000 0.3% Circulation (None Found)
1993  40,255 0.7% Proof Year Set
1993  27,000 0.06% UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1993  86,068 1.1% UNC Year Set
1994  14,300,000 0.49 0.25 25% Circulation
1994  39,004 1.0% Proof Year Set
1994  39,958 0.06% UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1994  91,492 0.2% UNC Year Set
1995  6,704 0.06% Proof Gumnut Baby Set
1995  48,537 11.50 0.8% Proof Year Set
1995  36,190 0.12% UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1995  96,079 12.96 1.7% UNC Year Set
1996  20,595,500 0.36 0.83 31% Circulation
1996  3,985 0.12% Proof Gumnut Baby Set
1996  33,350 0.5% Proof Year Set
1996  108,773 0.17% UNC Year Set
1996  25,727 0.06% UNC Year Set
1997  16,725,000 0.25 1.19 27% Circulation
1997  3,617 0.06% Proof Gumnut Baby Set
1997  32,543 0.8% Proof Year Set
1997  27,421 0.06% UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1997  71,022 0.4% UNC Year Set
1998  28,831,000 0.27 0.38 0.59 39% Circulation
1998  5,269 0.3% Proof Koala Baby Set
1998  32,255 0.8% Proof Year Set
1998  31,810 0.06% UNC Koala Baby Set
1998  74,108 0.3% UNC Year Set
2019  20,000 4.20 1.6% UNC Effigies over Time Set

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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Coins Australia 20 Cents - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait)