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20 Cents - Elizabeth II 3rd portrait

20 Cents - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait) -  obverse 20 Cents - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait) -  reverse

© Mike Bentley

Features

Country Australia
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1985-2019
Value 20 Cents
0.20 AUD = 0.14 USD
Currency Dollar (1966-date)
Composition Copper-nickel
Weight 11.30 g
Diameter 28.65 mm
Thickness 2.50 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
References KM# 82,
Standard Catalog of World Coins
by George S. Cuhaj
(Krause Publications)
Schön# 69
Weltmünzkatalog
by Gerhard Schön, Günter Schön
(Battenberg Gietl Verlag)

Obverse

3rd portrait of Queen Elizabeth II facing right wearing the King George IV State Diadem

Lettering:
ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
RDM

Engraver: Raphael David Maklouf

Raphael David Maklouf is a sculptor, best known for designing the effigy of Queen Elizabeth II used on the coins of many Commonwealth nations. Maklouf was born in Jerusalem emigrating with his family to the United Kingdom after the Second World War. He attended the Camberwell School of Art until 1958, afterward becoming an academic lecturer for ten years. He was made an Associate of the Royal Society of British Sculptors in 1979. Raphael Maklouf was born to a Jewish family. His father is Samuel Maklouf, born in Safed, Raphael Makouf's mother is Leonie Maklouf.

Reverse

Platypus

Lettering:
20
SD

Engraver: Stuart Devlin

Stuart Leslie Devlin, AO, CMG is a significant contemporary gold and silversmith. Australian-born, he has designed coins for countries around the world, and became especially well known as London-based designer of gold and silver collector's items in the 1970s and 80s.

Edge

Reeded

20 Cents - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait)

© Mike Bentley

Comments

This Copper-nickel 20 cent coin was first released into circulation by the RAM in 1985. This coin has the standard Stuart Devlin Platypus reverse used since 1966 but was updated with the Ralph David Makleouf obverse. The new obverse replaced the previous Arnold Machin obverse. The RDM Obverse was used until 1998 when it was also replaced with the Ian Rank-Broadley obverse.

No circulation coins were issued in 1986, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992 & 1995. These years are only available by breaking up a Set. RAM records show that (174,000) 1988 & (1,490,000) 1993 coins were issued into circulation but it is thought to be a mistake. Those 2 years can only be found in UNC & Proof Sets.

In 2019 a special release was issued to commemorate "Effigies Over Time" The RDM effigy was chosen to be used on the 20 cent coin in the set dated 2019.

See also

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Year Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC
1985  2,700,000 Circulation
1985  74,089 Proof Year Set
1985  170,000 UNC Year Set
1986  67,000 Proof Year Set
1986  180,000 UNC Year Set
1987  69,684 Proof Year Set
1987  200,000 UNC Year Set
1988  174,000 Circulation (None Found)
1988  3,000 Proof International Coin Fair
1988  101,518 Proof Year Set
1988  10,000 UNC International Coin Fair
1988  240,000 UNC Year Set
1989  5,000 Proof International Coin Fair
1989  67,618 Proof Year Set
1989  150,602 UNC Year Set
1990  1,985 Proof International Coin Fair
1990  51,015 Proof Year Set
1990  103,766 UNC Year Set
1991  1,000 Proof Singapore Coin Fair
1991  41,490 Proof Year Set
1991  200 UNC Singapore Coin Fair
1991  147,700 UNC Year Set
1992  56,367 Proof Year Set
1992  118,528 UNC Year Set
1993  1,490,000 Circulation (None Found)
1993  40,255 Proof Year Set
1993  27,000 UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1993  86,068 UNC Year Set
1994  14,300,000 0.67 0.27 Circulation
1994  39,004 Proof Year Set
1994  39,958 UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1994  91,492 UNC Year Set
1995  6,704 Proof Gumnut Baby Set
1995  48,537 Proof Year Set
1995  36,190 UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1995  96,079 UNC Year Set
1996  20,595,500 0.39 0.78 Circulation
1996  3,985 Proof Gumnut Baby Set
1996  33,350 Proof Year Set
1996  108,773 UNC Year Set
1996  25,727 UNC Year Set
1997  16,725,000 0.26 Circulation
1997  3,617 Proof Gumnut Baby Set
1997  32,543 Proof Year Set
1997  27,421 UNC Gumnut Baby Set
1997  71,022 UNC Year Set
1998  28,831,000 0.26 0.49 Circulation
1998  5,269 Proof Koala Baby Set
1998  32,255 Proof Year Set
1998  31,810 UNC Koala Baby Set
1998  74,108 UNC Year Set
2019  20,000 UNC Effigies over Time Set

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging coins. Numista does not buy or sell coins.

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20 Cents - Elizabeth II (3rd portrait)