1 Dollar - Elizabeth II 4th Portrait - Sydney Cove Medallion
|Queen||Elizabeth II (1952-date)|
1.00 AUD = 0.71 USD
|Composition||Silver (.999) (High Relief)|
|Orientation||Medal alignment ↑↑|
Sydney Cove Medallion
4th portrait of Queen Elizabeth II facing right wearing the Girls of Great Britain and Ireland Tiara
Depiction of four classical figures on the shores of a bay on which there is a sailing ship. To the left, the female figure Hope stands on a rock before an anchor. She extends her right hand to the female figure of Peace, who has a horn of plenty at her feet and an olive branch in her hand. Art, also a female, who is holding an artist's palette, and Labour, a male figure, who has a sledgehammer over his shoulder. Below the figures is the legend ETRURIA 1789.
Lettering: ETRURIA 1789
Engraver: Josiah Wedgewood
MintPerth Mint, Australia
The original Sydney Cove Medallions were made of clay sent back to Britain by Governor Arthur Phillip aboard the Fishburn which returned home in May 1789. Wedgewood received the clay from his friend Sir Joseph Banks, then President of the Royal Society. Wedgewood undertook trials and experiments that confirmed the clay to be "an excellent material for pottery". A limited number of medallions commemorating the settlement at Sydney Cove were created, estimated to be no more than two dozen. Anticipating a positive future for the colony of New South Wales, the Sydney Cove Medallion's allegorical design is titled Hope encouraging Art and Labour under the influence of Peace to pursue the employments necessary to give security and happiness to the infant colony
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