½ Penny Warwickshire - Birmingham / Lutwyche's

½ Penny (Warwickshire - Birmingham / Lutwyche's) -  obverse½ Penny (Warwickshire - Birmingham / Lutwyche's) -  reverse

© Al Samples

Features

Issuer United Kingdom
Type Token
Years 1791-1797
Value 1/2 Penny = 1/24 Shilling (1/480)
Currency Conder tokens (1787-1797)
Composition Copper
Weight 14.4 g
Diameter 30 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized 1797
Number N# 183074
Numista type number (https://numista.com)
References DH# 219,
Richard Dalton, Samuel H. Hamer ; 1918. The Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century. Davisson's Ltd., London, United Kingdom.
Atkins# 163
James Atkins; 1892. The Tradesmen's Tokens of the Eighteenth Century. W.S. Lincoln, London, United Kingdom.

Obverse

Justice seated holding scales and pouring money from cornucopia. Shield to the right of Justice. Lettering above and on shield, lettering in exergue.

Lettering:
MEDALS & PROVINCIAL COINS
ENGRAVING & DIE SINKING
DEA PECUNIA

Reverse

Old-style coining press. Lettering above and in exergue.

Lettering:
LUTWYCHES MANUFACTORY
BIRMINGHAM

Edge

Diagonally milled.

Note: varieties exist

½ Penny (Warwickshire - Birmingham / Lutwyche's) -  obverse

© Al Samples

Comments

William Lutwyche, (1754-1801), toymaker, later token manufacturer, Temple Row and St Philip churchyard. Lutwyche was active in the production of tokens from 1791 until 1801 and seems to have had more individual commissions for than any other manufacturer. His output of more than 65 tons of "legitimate provincial coins"  was exceeded only by that of Thomas Williams, the consortium of Westwood and Hancock, and that of Matthew Boulton. He frequently combined dies then in his posession to produce various mules, concocted numerous specious issues, and has been attributed with manufacturing the bulk of evasions and lighweight coppers that appeared toward the end of the 18th century.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (1791-1797)  DH#219 - Milled //////
ND (1791-1797)  DH#219a - PAYABLE BY SAMUEL PRENTICE X X X
ND (1791-1797)  DH#219b - Plain (in collar)
ND (1791-1797)  DH#219c - Plain (not in collar) rounded

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