Tetradrachm Patraos Type

Features

Country Agrianes
(Thracians)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 340 BC - 315 BC
Value Tetradrachm (4)
Currency Drachm
Composition Silver
Weight 12 g
Diameter 23 mm
Shape Round
Demonetized Yes
References Kostial# 1004,
Michaela Kostial; 2003. Kelten im Osten : Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel- und Osteuropa : Sammlung Lanz (2nd edition). Verlag der Staatlichen Münzsammlung München, Munich, Germany. ISBN 9783922840190.
Kostial# 1005,
Michaela Kostial; 2003. Kelten im Osten : Gold und Silber der Kelten in Mittel- und Osteuropa : Sammlung Lanz (2nd edition). Verlag der Staatlichen Münzsammlung München, Munich, Germany. ISBN 9783922840190.
Göbl OTA# 119B,
Robert Göbl; 1973. Ostkeltischer Typenatlas. Klinkhardt und Biermann, Brunswick, Germany.
CCCBM 1# I 182
Derek Allen, John Kent (editor), Melinda Mays (editor); 1987. Catalogue of the Celtic Coins in the British Museum with Supplementary Material from Other British Collections / Volume 1. Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples. British Museum, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9780714108636.

Obverse

Laureate head of Apollo left in local style.

Reverse

Armored cavalryman galloping left, spearing fallen soldier holding Macedonian shield. Fallen soldier is highly stylised. Garbled inscription.

Comments

Imitation of Tetradrachm of Patraos from Paeonia.

Kostial lists weights between 11.78-12.88g

The imitations of Patraos are among the earliest of all Balkan imitations of Greek coins  (c. 340-315 BC). 34 specimens of this type appeared in the great Paeonian Hoard (IGCH 410), buried ~315 BC. It is likely that they were produced during Patraos’s lifetime, at the same time with the originals, but ceased soon afterwards. Attributed to the Agriones celts living between the rivers Strymon and Axios in southern Bulgaria (Gerassimov 1963). They preceded the more numerous imitations of Philip II, produced by the Getae in Dacia to the north. (Source: CCCBM I)

There are known pieces overstruck on earlier types:
 • Alexander III coins with eagle reverse (Pegan 1968, 103-4)
 • Dyrrhachium coins (Youroukova 1969, 1970).

References:
Cf. Paeonian Hoard T. 9, No. 514
Cf. Peus 311, 31 October 1984, lot 26

Examples of this type:

Example #1 (11.79g, 27mm, 9h; Very Fine):

© Image courtesy of Roma Numismatics Limited
◦ Ex-Hermann Lanz Collection; published in Kostial #1004;
◦ Auctioned by Roma Numismatics Ltd, Auction XVIII, 29 September 2019, lot 243. Sold for 750 GBP.
◦ Auctioned by Numismatik Lanz München, Auction 58, 21 November 1991, lot 34.

Example #2 (12.89g, 25mm, 3h; Near Extremely Fine):

© Image courtesy of Roma Numismatics Limited
◦ Ex-Hermann Lanz Collection; published in Kostial #1005;
◦ Auctioned by Roma Numismatics Ltd, Auction XVIII, 29 September 2019, lot 260. Sold for 2,200 GBP.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (340 BC - 315 BC) 

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