Quadruple Twelve rays

Features

Issuer City of Geneva
Period Lordship and Republic of Geneva (1534-1798)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1635-1647
Value 1 Quadruple = 4 Écu Pistolet (11)
Currency Thaler (1535-1792)
Composition Gold
Weight 13.10 g
Shape Round
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 189367
Numista type number (https://en.numista.com/help/what-is-the-n-number-visible-in-the-catalogue-33.html)
References HMZ 2# 308,
Jürg Richter, Ruedi Kunzmann; 2006. Der neue HMZ-Katalog / Band. 2. Die Münzen der Schweiz und Liechtensteins : 15./16. Jahrhundert bis Gegenwart. Battenberg Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany.
Fr# 248
Arthur L. Friedberg, Ira S. Friedberg, Robert Friedberg; 2017. Gold Coins of the World : From Ancient Times to the Present (9th edition). Coin & Currency Institute, Williston, Vermont, United States.

Obverse

Coat of arms of the City of Geneva supported by crowned double-headed eagle.

Script: Latin

Lettering: ⁕ GENEVA • CIVITAS • 1637 ⁕

Translation: City of Geneva.

Reverse

Sun with six straight rays and six undulating rays alternating.

Script: Latin

Lettering:
⁕ POST ⁕ TENEBRAS ⁕ LVX ⁕ M
Ω
IHS
• ⁕ •

Translation: Light After Darkness

Comments

Varieties:
Variety 1635 (Demole 593; HMZ 2-308a)
Mint master: Pierre du Meuier
Obverse legend: ⁕ GENEVA • CIVITAS • 1635 ⁕
Reverse legend: POST ⁕ TENEBRAS ⁕ LVX ⁕ M ⁕

Variety 1637 (Demole 594; HMZ 2-308b)
Mint master: Pierre du Meuier
Obverse legend: ⁕ GENEVA • CIVITAS • 1637 ⁕
Reverse legend: POST ⁕ TENEBRAS ⁕ LVX ⁕ PM ⁕ (M over P)
Only one piece presumed to exist by Stack's Bowers
Example (13.10 g; Very fine, ex-jewellery):

© Stacks Bowers
∙ Auctioned by Stack's Bowers and Ponteiro, NYINC Auction, 17 January 2020, Lot #21421. Sold for 13,000 USD
∙ Auctioned by Stack's Bowers, "Vermeule, Ward, and Mexico Maxico Collections" Auction, 11 January 2010, Lot #1065. Unsold
∙ Auctioned by Stack's Bowers, "Stack and Kroisos Collections" Auction, 14 January 2008, Lot #3382. Sold for 16,100 USD

Variety 1638 (Demole 595; HMZ 2-308c) and 1640 (Demole 597):
Mint masters: David Guainier and Augustin Baccuet
Obverse legend: ⁕ GENEVA ⁕ CIVITAS ⁕ [date] ⁕
Reverse legend: POST ⁕ TENEBRAS ⁕ LVX ⁕ B ⁕ G ⁕
Example (13.04 g; Very fine):

© Image courtesy of Hess Divo
∙ Auctioned by LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 101, 23 October 2007, Lot #131. Estimated at 12,500 USD;
∙ Auctioned by Hess Divo, Auction 297, 22 October 2003, Lot #183. Estimated at 12,500 USD;

Variety 1638 (Demole 596; HMZ 2-308d):
Mint masters: David Guainier and Augustin Baccuet
Obverse legend: ⁕ GENEVA ⁕ CIVITAS ⁕ 1638 ⁕
Reverse legend: POST ⁕ TENEBRAS ⁕ LVX ⁕ G ⁕ B ⁕

Variety 1642 (Demole —; HMZ 2-308g):
Mint masters: Ami Deneira and Daniel Sardes
Obverse legend: ⁕ GENEVA • CIVITAS • 1642 ⁕
Reverse legend: • POST • TENEBRAS • LVX • S ⁕ D
Example (13.14 g; Very Fine):

© Image courtesy of Hess Divo
∙ Auctioned by Hess Divo, Auction 323, 30 May 2013, Lot #43. Estimated at 28,000 CHF
∙ Auctioned by Fritz Rudolf Künker, Auction 218, 11 October 2012, Lot #5405. Sold for 20,000 EUR
∙ Auctioned by Maison Palombo, Auction 10, 27 November 2011, Lot #993

Variety 1644 (Demole 601; HMZ 2-308h), 1645 (Demole 602; HMZ 2-308i) and 1646 (Demole 603; HMZ 2-308j):
Mint master: Augustin Baccuet
Obverse legend: ⁕ GENEVA ⁕ CIVITAS ⁕ [date] ⁕
Reverse legend: POST ⁕ TENEBRAS ⁕ LVX ⁕ B ⁕
Example #1 (1644; 13.10 g; Very fine - Extremely fine):

© LHS Numismatik
∙ Auctioned by LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 101, 23 October 2007, Lot #151. Estimated at 25,000 EUR
Example #2 (1645; 13.10 g; Very fine - Extremely fine):

© Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG, Osnabrück and Lübke & Wiedemann KG, Leonberg
∙ Auctioned by Fritz Rudolf Künker, Auction 269, 1 October 2015, Lot #6518. Sold for 22'000 EUR
Example #3 (1646; 12.74 g; Very fine):

© LHS Numismatik
∙ Auctioned by LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 101, 23 October 2007, Lot #153. Estimated at 12,500 CHF

Variety 1647 (Demole 604; HMZ 2-308k):
Mint master: Joseph Gringalet
Obverse legend: GENEVA CIVITAS • 1647 •
Reverse legend: POST TENEBRAS LVX • G •
Example (13.18 g; Better than very fine):

∙ Auctioned by LHS Numismatik AG, Auction 101, 23 October 2007, Lot #159. Estimated at 25,000 EUR.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
1635 M HMZ 2-308a
1637 M HMZ 2-308b
1638 B G HMZ 2-308c
1638 G B HMZ 2-308d
1640 B G HMZ 2-308e
1642 S D HMZ 2-308g
1644 B HMZ 2-308h
1645 B HMZ 2-308i
1646 B HMZ 2-308j
1647 G HMZ 2-308k

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Past sales

Pictures Sale Date Version Grade Price
Picture 1 of a sold Quadruple (Twelve rays)Picture 1 of a sold Quadruple (Twelve rays)
Künker
Auction 269
Lot 6518
Internet Archive
Oct 1, 2015 1645 B – HMZ 2-308i VF
(small scratch)
USD 23 818.24
(EUR 22 000.00)
(+ buyer's premium)

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