1½ Shekel - Hasdrubal the Fair

Features

Country Ákra Leuká (Punic Iberia)
Governor Hasdrubal the Fair (228 BC - 221 BC)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 229 BC - 228 BC
Value 1-1/2 Shekel (3/2)
Currency Hispania - Drachm
Composition Silver
Weight 11.12 g
Diameter 24 mm
Shape Round
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 196717
Numista (https://numista.com)

Obverse

Laureate head left (Melqart or Hasdrubal), with club over right shoulder.

Reverse

Elephant to right.

Comments

MHC, Class III, 44; ACIP 554; AB 486.

The coin in the main image (11.12g, 24mm, 12h, Good Very Fine):
◦ Auctioned by Roma Numismatics Ltd, Auction XVI, 26 September 2018, Lot 133, Sold for 22,000 GBP.

This coin was minted by the Punic general Hasdrubal the Fair in 228 BC, immediately after the foundation of the city. In contrast to the coinage attributed to Hamilcar, this type makes no reference to the traditional naval power of Carthage, instead adopting the African elephant as the reverse type. Evidently not a war-elephant (note the absence of either a mahout or a fighting tower) it is perhaps best interpreted as a symbol of Carthage or Barcid power in general. Indeed it is known that Hasdrubal favoured diplomacy and the demanding of hostages to further expand his influence in Spain; the club-wielding Herakles-Melqart implies the threat of force rather than its open display.

Though Robinson (Essays Mattingly) interpreted the beardless head of Melqart on this coin as bearing the features of Hannibal Barca, the dating of the issue (as per Villaronga, MHC) suggests it is more likely to be Hasdrubal, if indeed an individual commander's likeness is shown.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (229 BC - 228 BC) 

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