|Country||Uncertain Iberian mint (Punic Iberia)|
|Type||Standard circulation coin|
|Years||229 BC - 221 BC|
|Value||1 Stater = 12 Shekel (12)|
|Currency||Hispania - Drachm|
Gilbert Kenneth Jenkins, Richard Boyes Lewis; 1963. Carthaginian Gold and Electrum Coins. Royal Numismatic Society, London, United Kingdom.
Laureate bust of Nike left, wearing earring and necklace.
Horse prancing to right.
Villaronga, Las monedas hispano-cartaginese, Barcelona 1973, 64; CNH 20; ACIP 560; Hunter collection III, p. 608, 1 'Micipsa' (same dies).
In 237 BC, Hamilcar Barca, after having lost the First Punic War against Rome, but having won the Mercenary War against the Libyans, disembarked at Gadir with a Carthaginian expedition with the purpose of re-establishing Carthaginian authority in Iberia (Polybios, Histories, 2.1.6). Within 9 years, he had expanded the territory of Carthage well into the Iberian peninsula, securing control of the southern mining district of Baetica and Sierra Morena, before dying in battle in 228. Hamilcar was succeeded by his son-in-law Hasdrubal the Fair who expanded the new province by skilful diplomacy and consolidated it with the foundation of Akra Leuka (Greek: White Mountain or White Point, modern Alicante), Mahon and finally in 227, Qart Hadasht (= New Carthage = Latin: Carthago Nova, modern Cartagena), originally named Mastia, as his capital.
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|ND (229 BC - 221 BC)|
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