1 Drachm - Zarino Khusru I imitation; Chaghaniyan; countermark

Features

Issuer Principality of Chaghaniyan (Northern Tokharistan)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 601-750
Value 1 Drachm (1)
Composition Silver
Weight 2.76 g
Diameter 27 mm
Shape Round
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 199679
Numista type number (https://numista.com)

Obverse

Crowned bust facing right surrounded by three identical countermarks of a right-facing bust, all with an additional countermark of Bactrian legend in two lines in field.

Lettering:
ζαρινο
χδηο

Translation: Zarino Khudat

Reverse

Fire altar with attendants on either side, all with countermark of Bactrian legend in two lines in field.

Lettering:
παινο
ιοχδηο

Translation: [...]

Edge

Smooth.

Comments

The prototype is a Sasanian drachm of Khusru I (531-579).

On the Sashro coins, χδηο is often interpretted as Xidev (for the name Sashro Xidev); however, some countermarked coins of Northern Tokharistan have countermarks of only the name χδηο, which tend to be read as Khodo. There is also an opinion that the χδηο is the ruler's title, which may be Khudat because the rulers of Chaghaniyan had that title.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (601-750) 

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