|Value||1/2 Penny (1/480)|
|Currency||Conder tokens (1787-1797)|
|Orientation||Coin alignment ↑↓|
Richard Dalton, Samuel H. Hamer ; 1918. The Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century. Davisson's Ltd., London, United Kingdom.Atkins# 11
James Atkins; 1892. The Tradesmen's Tokens of the Eighteenth Century. W.S. Lincoln, London, United Kingdom.
Crowned bust of John of Gaunt left, legend around, 5-pointed star below bust.
Note: centre point of crown between D and U, front pointing to U
Lettering: IOHN OF GAUNT DUKE OF LANCASTER *
Shield of arms with legend around and date below.
Note: line cuts between C and A, and P and E, point of shield between 7 and 9
Lettering: PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOs WORSWICK & SONS . X .
The County Town of Lancaster has been represented by one penny and two different halfpenny tokens. The first of the halfpenny token designs was issued in 1791 and shows a portrait of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster.
The reverse featured the arms of the City of Lancaster, which takes elements from the Royal Arms of both England and France - the claim to the title of King of France was only relinquished by King George III in 1801 as part of the price paid for the Peace of Amiens.
Many mules and die varieties exist. The tokens were also extensively counterfeited and these copies continued, with various dates, up to 1794. Thomas Worswick was a banker, goldsmith and silversmith, and his premises were in New Street.
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