½ Penny Lancashire - Lancaster / John of Gaunt

½ Penny (Lancashire - Lancaster / John of Gaunt) -  obverse½ Penny (Lancashire - Lancaster / John of Gaunt) -  reverse

© Bluhawk

Features

Issuer United Kingdom
Type Token
Year 1792
Value 1/2 Penny (1/480)
Currency Conder tokens (1787-1797)
Composition Copper
Weight 12.25 g
Diameter 29 mm
Thickness 1.75 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 227837
Numista (https://numista.com)
References DH# 24,
Richard Dalton, Samuel H. Hamer ; 1918. The Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century. Davisson's Ltd., London, United Kingdom.
Atkins# 11
James Atkins; 1892. The Tradesmen's Tokens of the Eighteenth Century. W.S. Lincoln, London, United Kingdom.

Obverse

Crowned bust of John of Gaunt left, legend around, 5-pointed star below bust.

Note: centre point of crown between D and U, front pointing to U

Lettering: IOHN OF GAUNT DUKE OF LANCASTER *

Reverse

Shield of arms with legend around and date below.

Note: line cuts between C and A, and P and E, point of shield between 7 and 9

Lettering:
LANCASTER HALFPENNY
1792

Edge

Incuse lettering

Lettering: PAYABLE AT THE WAREHOUSE OF THOs WORSWICK & SONS . X .

Comments

The County Town of Lancaster has been represented by one penny and two different halfpenny tokens. The first of the halfpenny token designs was issued in 1791 and shows a portrait of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster.

The reverse featured the arms of the City of Lancaster, which takes elements from the Royal Arms of both England and France - the claim to the title of King of France was only relinquished by King George III in 1801 as part of the price paid for the Peace of Amiens.

Many mules and die varieties exist. The tokens were also extensively counterfeited and these copies continued, with various dates, up to 1794. Thomas Worswick was a banker, goldsmith and silversmith, and his premises were in New Street.

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
1792 

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