1 Franc Vichy French State - light type

1 Franc (Vichy French State - light type) -  obverse1 Franc (Vichy French State - light type) -  reverse

© Subli37

Features

Country France
Period French State (1940-1944)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1942-1944
Value 1 Franc (1)
Currency Franc (1795-1959)
Composition Aluminium-magnesium
Weight 1.3 g
Diameter 23 mm
Thickness 1.45 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized 02-17-2005
References F# 223,
Stéphane Desrousseaux, Michel Prieur, Laurent Schmitt; 2014. Le Franc (10th edition). Les Chevau-légers, Paris, France. ISBN 9782916996554.
Gad# 471,
Francesco Pastrone; 2017. Monnaies francaises, 1789-2017 (23rd edition). Éditions Victor Gadoury, Monaco. ISBN 9782906602465 .
KM# 902,
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Thomas Michael (editor), Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Thomas Michael (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
Schön# 213
  • Gerhard Schön; 2020. Weltmünzkatalog 20. Jahrhundert: 1901-2000 (47. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461840.
  • Helmut Kahnt, Günter Schön; 2016. Weltmünzkatalog 19. Jahrhundert: 1801-1900 (17. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461185.
  • Gerhard Schön, Sebastian Krämer; 2017. Weltmünzkatalog 21. Jahrhundert: 2001-2016 (3. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461383.

Obverse

Double-headed axe in the centre with an ear of wheat either side, lettering below. Lettering on top and bottom of axe and any mintmark to the left of the axe head

Lettering:
S PACIS
LB
PETAIN
ETAT FRANÇAIS

Translation:
S Pacis
KB
Petain
French State

Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor

Lucien Georges Bazor was Chief Engraver at the Paris mint from 1930 to 1958. He was born in Paris in 1889 and initially studied under his father, Albert Bazor. Bazor later became the pupil of Patey at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts. He won the Grand Prix de Rome in 1923 for his engraving.

Reverse

Oak leaves either side of the central numeral, lettering above, lettering below with the date

Lettering:
TRAVAIL·FAMILLE·
·PATRIE·
1
·FRANC·
1943

Translation:
Work Family
Country
1
Franc
1943

Engraver: Lucien Georges Bazor

Lucien Georges Bazor was Chief Engraver at the Paris mint from 1930 to 1958. He was born in Paris in 1889 and initially studied under his father, Albert Bazor. Bazor later became the pupil of Patey at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts. He won the Grand Prix de Rome in 1923 for his engraving.

Edge

Smooth
The image shows both heavy KM#902.1 (bottom) and light KM#902.1-3 (top) type

1 Franc (Vichy French State - light type) -  obverse

Mints

Paris, France (864-date)
B Beaumont-le-Roger, France
C Castelsarrasin, France

Comments

Three varieties of 1944 C are known.
1. Variety small C. The small C was done by using the awl of the 50 centimes Vichy 1944 C.



2. Large C is known in 2 main positions of the letter:
Die I - 'C' far from ax.
Die II - 'C' near ax. The discovery coin was published  on 5, February 2016.


See also

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1942  0.11 1.0% (fr) F. 223/1 - Essai
1942  0.23 0.24 0.49 1.54 20% warning, rare light version weight 1.3 g
1943  205,563,897 0.06 0.19 0.29 0.58 1.01 1.05 6.35 66% KM#902.1 (Paris)
1943 B 68,082,000 11.92 11.90 10.72 8.57 12% KM#902.2 (Beaumont)
1944  73,213,850 0.07 0.36 0.36 1.18 2.56 3.98 14.93 46% KM#902.1 (Paris)
1944 B 13,622,075 1.19 2.57 2.38 12.56 36.74 23% KM#902.2 (Beaumont)
1944 C 74,859,005 0.38 0.64 1.19 4.17 29% KM#902.3 (Castelsarrasin, large "C")
1944 C 1.79 0.60 42.36 7% KM#902.3 (Castelsarrasin, small "C")

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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