Groschen Tournois - Robert

Features

Issuer Bar, County and Duchy of (France - Feudal)
Duke Robert I (1354-1411)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1365-1411
Value 1 Groschen (1⁄20)
Currency Livre
Composition Silver
Weight 3.1 g
Shape Round (irregular)
Technique Hammered
Orientation Variable alignment ↺
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 325010
Numista type number (https://en.numista.com/help/what-is-the-n-number-visible-in-the-catalogue-33.html)
References Flon# 24, p.477,
Dominique Flon; 2002. Histoire monétaire de la Lorraine et des Trois-Évêchés / Tome 1. Prolégomènes. Première partie: Les temps du denier et de l'installation des droits. Société Thierry Alix, Nancy, France.
And 2 more volumes.
Bd# 1431
Émile Boudeau; 2002. Catalogue général illustré et à prix marqués des monnaies françaises provinciales (4th edition). Les Chevau-légers, Paris, France.

Obverse

Short cross pattée surrounded by double legend.

Script: Latin

Lettering:
✠ BNDICTV ⋮ SIT ⋮ nOmЄ ⋮ DNI ⋮ nRI ⋮ DЄI ⋮ IhV ⋮ XPI
✠ ROBERTVS DVX

Unabridged legend:
Benedictum sit nomen domini nostri dei ihesu christi
Robertus dux

Translation:
Blessed be the name of our lord God, Jesus Christ.
Robert, Duke.

Reverse

Tours style castle, surrounded by legend and border of twelve lilies inside circles.

Script: Latin

Lettering: ✠ TVRONVS · CIVIS

Translation: City of Tours.

Comments

Designed after the gros tournois of John II and Charles V of France which were issued 1361-1365.

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC
ND (1365-1411) 

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