1 Dollar - T$1 Commercial Dollar


Issuer United States
Period Federal republic (1776-date)
Type Pattern
Year 1871
Value 1 Dollar (1.00 USD)
Currency Dollar (1785-date)
Composition Copper
Weight 26.5 g
Diameter 38 mm
Thickness 2.8 mm
Shape Round
Technique Milled
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized Yes
Number N# 331009
Numista type number (https://en.numista.com/help/what-is-the-n-number-visible-in-the-catalogue-33.html)
References Judd# 1157,
J. Hewitt Judd, Q. David Bowers, Saul Teichman; 2008. United States Pattern Coins, Experimental and Trial Pieces : Complete Source for History, Rarity, and Values (10th Edition). Whitman Publishing, Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
Pollock# 1301
Andrew W. Pollock; 1994. United States Patterns and Related Issues. Bowers and Merena Galleries, Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, United States.


Liberty wearing an Indian headdress seated on a rock with left hand on globe. Right hand holds a pole with liberty cap at top. Additionally, there are two flags behind the rock. Date at bottom near rim. Surrounded by 13 stars.

Script: Latin


Engraver: James Barton Longacre Read more on Wikipedia

James Barton Longacre was an American portraitist and engraver, and from 1844 until his death the fourth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint.


Text outside and inside a Wreath.

Script: Latin

420 GRS
900 FINE




This Commercial pattern issue, was struck in copper (and silver) in plain and reeded edge varieties and was the forerunner of the Trade Dollar that would make its official debut in commerce two years later, in 1873. USPatterns.com notes that the former Bass example in silver, reeded edge (Judd-1154), weighed 410 grains--close to the regular standard for silver dollars, despite the reverse inscription.

The use of the revised motto GOD OUR TRUST is interesting, as this original version had been rejected years before, and "no information has been learned to the effect that the usual motto, IN GOD WE TRUST, needed modification," according to Judd. Perhaps the simplest explanation is correct, that for the designer a ribbon center with two sides dictated a three- rather than four-word version.

Judd estimates that the plain edge versions in silver and copper are R.8, while the reeded edge versions are High R.7. Like so many of these incredibly elusive patterns, however, making an accurate census or estimate of their true rarity is simply impossible. Many of the early auction citations lack photographs and/or are simply misattributed--when attributed at all--and various factors conspire to mask the true picture of a given issue's rarity. The certified populations are but one clue to those questions, but they are nonetheless helpful when taken with the usual caveats to the emptor (and vendor).

See also

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1871  Pattern

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Numista Rarity index: 95 Search tips
This index is based on the data of Numista members collections. It ranges from 0 to 100, 0 meaning a very common coin or banknote and 100 meaning a rare coin or banknote among Numista members.

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