1 Penny - Victoria 2nd portrait

1 Penny - Victoria (2nd portrait) -  obverse1 Penny - Victoria (2nd portrait) -  reverse

© narracan coins

Features

Country United Kingdom
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1860-1874
Value 1 Penny = 1/12 Shilling (1/240)
Currency Pound sterling (1158-1970)
Composition Bronze
Weight 9.45 g
Diameter 30.8 mm
Thickness 1.6 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized 08-31-1971
References KM# 749,
  • Thomas Michael (editor), Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Thomas Michael (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
Sp# 3954,
  • Geoff Kitchen (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom : Decimal Issues (6th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.
  • Emma Howard (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom : Pre-Decimal Issues (55th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.
Sp# 3955
  • Geoff Kitchen (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom : Decimal Issues (6th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.
  • Emma Howard (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom : Pre-Decimal Issues (55th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.

Obverse

Second laureate portrait ('Bun Head') of Queen Victoria facing left, legend around.

Lettering: VICTORIA D:G: BRITT:REG:F:D:

Translation: Victoria by the Grace of God Queen of the Britons Defender of the Faith

Engraver: Leonard Charles Wyon

Leonard Charles Wyon was a British engraver of the Victorian era most notable for his work on the gold and silver coinage struck for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 and the bronze coinage of 1860 with the second head portrait, in use from 1860 to 1894.

Reverse

Seated figure of Britannia right with trident in left hand and shield bearing the Union flag in right, sea behind with lighthouse on left and ship on right, denomination around, date in exergue.

Lettering:
ONE PENNY
1863

Engraver: Leonard Charles Wyon

Leonard Charles Wyon was a British engraver of the Victorian era most notable for his work on the gold and silver coinage struck for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 and the bronze coinage of 1860 with the second head portrait, in use from 1860 to 1894.

Edge

Plain

Comments

The standard weight of these pieces was 48 to the pound avoirdupois (1/3 ounce or 145.8 grains).

There are many obverse and reverse varieties for this type, following is a selection of them:

Sp#3954 (1860-1894) no mintmark on reverse
Sp#3955 (1874/5/6, 1881/2) 'H' mintmark on reverse below date, struck at Ralph Heaton & Sons, Birmingham

In 1874, the second portrait was very slightly changed. In KM#749, the D:G: is closer to the Queen's head.
So take care if you have an 1874 in case it is KM#755.

KM#749.1 (1860 only) Beaded border, without die number;
KM#749.2 (1860-1874) Toothed border, without die number;
KM#749.3 (1863 only) Toothed border, with die number below date;

There are many other small variations to the obverse and reverse designs, all full list of which can be found (with pictures) in the latest version of the Spink Standard Catalogue of British Coins.

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1860  0.67 3% KM#749.1
1860  1.4% KM#749.1 (incuse lines on shield)
1860  0.14% KM#749.1 (incuse lines on shield) Proof
1860  2% KM#749.1 (raised lines on shield, extra thick flan)
1860  0.11% KM#749.1 (raised lines on shield; extra thick flan) Proof
1860  505,300 0.55 1.40 9.75 10% KM#749.1 (raised lines on shield)
1860  0.2% KM#749.1 (raised lines on shield) Proof
1860  2% KM#749.2
1860  0.6% KM#749.2 (L.C.W. below foot, L.C.WYON on shoulder)
1860  0.7% KM#749.2 (L.C.W. below shield, L.C. WYON below shoulder)
1860  0.4% KM#749.2 (L.C.WYON on shoulder, L.C.W. below shield)
1860  0.3% KM#749.2 (without obverse signature, 15 leaves)
1860  0.3% KM#749.2 (without obverse signature, 16 leaves)
1861  1.5% KM#749.2 (L.C.WYON below truncation, without signature on reverse)
1861  0.5% KM#749.2 (L.C.WYON below truncation; L.C.W. below shield)
1861  0.9% KM#749.2 (L.C.WYON on truncation, without signature on reverse)
1861  36,449,000 0.67 2.12 3.37 8.65 23% KM#749.2 (L.C.WYON on truncation; L.C.W. below shield)
1861  0.4% KM#749.2 (without obverse signature, 15 leaves without reverse signature) rare
1861  0.5% KM#749.2 (without obverse signature, 15 leaves, L.C.W. below shield)
1861  1.7% KM#749.2 (without obverse signature, 16 leaves, L.C.W. below shield) overdate variety exists
1861  7.40 2% KM#749.2 (without obverse signature, 16 leaves, without reverse signature)
1861  0.4% KM#749.2 (without obverse signature, 16 leaves, without reverse signature) Proof
1862  50,534,000 0.60 1.24 2.78 6.02 37% KM#749.2
1862  0.6% KM#749.2 (date numerals small, from 1/2 Penny die)
1862  1.5% KM#749.2 (L.C.WYON on shoulder without reverse signature)
1862  2.0% KM#749.2 (without signature on obverse)
1862  0.2% KM#749.2 Proof
1863  28,063,000 0.60 1.35 2.19 7.22 7.32 31% KM#749.2
1863  0.3% KM#749.2 Proof
1863  1.1% KM#749.3 (with small die number 2, 3, or 4 below date)
1863  0.4% KM#749.3 (with small die number 5 below date)
1864  1.5% KM#749.2 (crosslet 4 in date)
1864  3,441,000 1.20 0.36 4% KM#749.2 (plain 4 in date)
1865  8,602,000 0.70 0.67 6.69 27.62 12% KM#749.2 (overdate variety exists)
1866  9,999,000 0.52 1.81 1.91 13.67 18% KM#749.2
1867  5,484,000 1.10 6.02 10% KM#749.2
1867  0.3% KM#749.2 Proof
1868  1,183,000 1.37 7.81 6% KM#749.2
1868  0.2% KM#749.2 Proof
1869  2,580,000 3% KM#749.2
1870  5,695,000 1.22 9.16 12.04 10% KM#749.2
1871  1,290,000 9.03 4% KM#749.2
1872  8,495,000 0.76 5.32 5.43 12.04 14% KM#749.2
1872  1 0.3% KM#749.2 (reverse upside down) Proof
1873  8,494,000 0.82 1.35 2.53 16% KM#749.2
1874  5,622,000 0.67 6.69 6.97 11% KM#749.2
1874  0.8% KM#749.2 (16 leaves, small date)
1874 H 6,666,000 7.22 6% KM#749.2
1874 H 1.1% KM#749.2 (16 leaves, large date)

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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