|Issuer||Sultanate of Delhi (Indian Sultanates)|
|Type||Standard circulation coin|
Mitch WI# 2526,
Michael Mitchiner; 1977. Oriental Coins and Their Values / Volume 1. The World of Islam. Hawkins Publications, London, United Kingdom.GG# D166,
Stan Goron, J. P. Goenka; 2001. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates : Covering the Area of Present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, New Delhi, India.Val CCI# 184
William H. Valentine; 1914. The Copper Coins of India / Part 1. Bengal and the United Provinces. Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom.
And 1 more volumes.
Bilingual inscriptions (Nagari and Persian) reflecting the intersection of Islamic and Hindu cultures: "Balban" in Arabic in a double circle, Sri Sultan Ghayasadin in nagari around / al-sultan al-azam ghiyath al-dunya wal din in arabic
Inscription in Persian
Ghiyas ud din Balban (reigned: 1266–1287) (Urdu: غیاث الدین بلبن) was the ninth sultan of the Mamluk dynasty of Delhi. Ghiyas ud Din was the wazir and heir of the last Shamsi Sultan, Nasir ud-Din. He reduced the power of the treacherous nobility and heightened the stature of the sultan.
His original name was Baha Ud Din. He was an Ilbari Turk. When he was young he was captured by the Mongols, carried to Ghazni and sold to Khawaja Jamal ud-din of Basra, a Sufi. The latter then brought him to Delhi in 1232 AD along with other slaves, and all of them were purchased by Iltutmish. Balban Belonged to the famous band of 40 group of Turkic slaves of Iltutmish.
Ghiyas made several conquests, some of which were as vizier. He routed the Mewats that harassed Delhi and reconquered Bengal, all while successfully facing the Mongol threat, a struggle that spent his son and heir's life. So it came to pass that upon his death in 1287, his grandson Qaiqubad was nominated sultan, undermining the achievements of his grandfather.
In spite of having only a few military achievements, Ghiyas ud-din made civil and military reforms that earned him the position of the strongest ruler between Shams ud-din Iltutmish and the later Alauddin Khalji, whose military achievements rest on the order established within the sultanate by Ghiyas ud din Balban.
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|ND (1266-1287)||$ 3.90|
Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as an indication only; they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.
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