1 Pfenning - William I

1 Pfenning - William I - obverse1 Pfenning - William I - reverse

© smy77 (CC BY-NC-SA)

Features

Issuer Kingdom of Prussia (German States)
King William I (Wilhelm I.) (1861-1888)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1861-1873
Value 1 Pfennig (1⁄360)
Currency Vereinsthaler (1821-1873)
Composition Copper
Weight 1.5 g
Diameter 17.75 mm
Thickness 0.89 mm
Shape Round
Technique Milled
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Demonetized Yes
Number
N#
4228
References KM# 480,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, United States.
And 5 more volumes.
AKS# 108,
Paul Arnold, Harald Küthmann, Dirk Steinhilber; 2022. Großer deutscher Münzkatalog von 1800 bis heute (37th edition). Battenberg Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany.
Olding FR# 426, 429, 433,
Manfred Olding; 2006. Die Münzen Friedrichs des Großen (2nd edition). Battenberg Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany.
And 1 more volumes.
Neum# 19,
Erich Neumann; 1997. Die Münzen der westpreußischen und baltischen Städte unter polnischer bzw. schwedischer Oberhoheit. Self-published, Cologne, Germany.
Kahnt/Schön# 84
Helmut Kahnt, Günter Schön; 2016. Weltmünzkatalog / 19. Jahrhundert: 1801-1900 (17. Auflage). Battenberg Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany.

Obverse

Crown above shield with eagle, FR monogram on breast.

Script: Latin

Lettering:
360 EINEN THALER
FR

Reverse

3-line inscription with date, mintmark under decoration bar.

Script: Latin

Lettering:
SCHEIDE MÜNZE
1
PFENNING
1866
A

Edge

Plain

Mints

A Berlin, Germany (1280-date)
B Hanover, Germany
C Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Comments

The Kingdom of Prussia (German: Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.[4] It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany in 1871 and was the leading state of the German Empire until its dissolution in 1918.[4] Although it took its name from the region called Prussia, it was based in the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Its capital was Berlin.[5]

The kings of Prussia were from the House of Hohenzollern. Brandenburg-Prussia, predecessor of the kingdom, became a military power under Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, known as "The Great Elector".[6][7][8][9] As a kingdom, Prussia continued its rise to power, especially during the reign of Frederick II, more commonly known as Frederick the Great, who was the third son of Frederick William I.[10] Frederick the Great was instrumental in starting the Seven Years' War (1756–63), holding his own against Austria, Russia, France and Sweden and establishing Prussia's role in the German states, as well as establishing the country as a European great power.[11] After the might of Prussia was revealed, it was considered as a major power among the German states. Throughout the next hundred years Prussia went on to win many battles, and many wars.[12]

After the Napoleonic Wars led to the creation of the German Confederation, the issue of unifying the German states caused a number of revolutions throughout the German states, with all states wanting to have their own constitution.[4] Attempts to create a federation remained unsuccessful and the German Confederation collapsed in 1866 when war ensued between its two most powerful member states, Prussia and Austria. The North German Confederation, which lasted from 1867 to 1871, created a closer union between the Prussian-aligned states while Austria and most of Southern Germany remained independent.[4] The North German Confederation was seen as more of an alliance of military strength in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War but many of its laws were later used in the German Empire. The German Empire lasted from 1871 to 1918 with the successful unification of all the German states aside from Austria under Prussian hegemony;[4] this was due to the defeat of Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71. The war united all the German states against a common enemy, and with the victory came an overwhelming wave of nationalism which changed the opinions of some of those who had been against unification. In 1871, Germany unified into a single country, minus Austria and Switzerland, with Prussia the dominant power.[4]

Prussia is considered the legal predecessor of the unified German Reich (1871–1945) and as such a direct ancestor of today's Federal Republic of Germany.[4] The formal abolition of Prussia, carried out on 25 February 1947 by the Allied Control Council, referred to a tradition of the kingdom as a bearer of militarism and reaction, and made way for the current setup of the German states. However, the Free State of Prussia (Freistaat Preußen), which followed the abolition of the Kingdom of Prussia in the aftermath of , was a major democratic force in Weimar Germany until the nationalist coup of 1932 known as the Preußenschlag.[citation needed] The Kingdom left a significant cultural legacy, today notably promoted by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation (Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz (SPK)), which has become one of the largest cultural organisations in the world.

See also

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Date VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1861 A $ 2.00 6%
1862 A $ 3.50 $ 3.50 10%
1863 A Photo $ 1.40 $ 3.70 $ 4.30 13%
1864 A $ 2.50 $ 3.30 12%
1865 A Photo $ 4.30 $ 6.80 $ 11 $ 21 17% There is a probe in nickel.
1866 A $ 2.70 7%
1867 A $ 3.10 $ 3.10 16%
1867 B $ 3.20 $ 3.20 $ 4.40 8%
1867 C Photo 1.6%
1868 A $ 4.30 $ 4.30 13%
1868 B $ 2.90 $ 3.70 $ 5.00 24%
1868 C Photo $ 4.40 $ 4.40 11%
1869 A $ 1.60 $ 4.30 7%
1869 B 1.8%
1870 A $ 3.70 $ 5.20 10%
1870 B 1.7%
1870 C 2%
1871 A $ 3.20 7%
1871 B 4%
1871 C $ 4.40 5%
1872 A 1.8%
1872 B 1.4%
1872 C 1.5%
1873 A Photo $ 160 1.5%
1873 B $ 4.10 $ 4.10 4%
1873 C 3%

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as an indication only; they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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Past sales

Pictures Sale Date Version Grade Sold price
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Katz
Auction 67
Lot 77
Internet Archive
Sep 24, 2022 1863 A VF USD 11.72
(EUR 11.00)
(+ buyer's premium)
The lot includes several items.
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Katz
Auction 119
Lot 701
Internet Archive
Mar 30, 2024 1865 A – There is a probe in nickel. UNC USD 26.64
(EUR 25.00)
(+ buyer's premium)
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Heritage Auctions
Wednesday & Thursday World & Ancient Coins Select Auction 232225
Lot 64460
Internet Archive
Jun 16, 2022 1867 C UNC
(NGC MS65 Red and Brown)
USD 94.00
(incl. buyer's premium)
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Heritage Auctions
Wednesday & Thursday World & Ancient Coins Weekly Online Auction 232029
Lot 63314
Internet Archive
Jul 15, 2020 1868 C UNC
The lot includes several items.
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Heritage Auctions
Wednesday & Thursday World & Ancient Coins Select Auction 232224
Lot 63429
Internet Archive
Jun 9, 2022 1873 A UNC
(NGC PR63 Brown)
USD 69.00
(incl. buyer's premium)
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William IPicture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Heritage Auctions
Wednesday & Thursday World & Ancient Coins Select Auction 232223
Lot 62493
Internet Archive
Jun 2, 2022 1873 A UNC
(NGC PR63 Red and Brown)
USD 240.00
(incl. buyer's premium)
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Katz
Auction 119
Lot 702
Internet Archive
Mar 30, 2024 Undetermined UNC USD 52.22
(EUR 49.00)
(+ buyer's premium)
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Katz
Auction 108
Lot 520
Internet Archive
Jan 13, 2024 Undetermined XF USD 5.33
(EUR 5.00)
(+ buyer's premium)
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Katz
Auction 63
Lot 70
Internet Archive
Jul 26, 2022 Undetermined XF USD 21.32
(EUR 20.00)
(+ buyer's premium)
The lot includes several items.
Picture 1 of a sold 1 Pfenning - William I
Katz
Auction 101
Lot 655
Internet Archive
Nov 18, 2023 Undetermined USD 41.57
(EUR 39.00)
(+ buyer's premium)
See the sales

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