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1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent"

1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent" -  obverse1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent" -  reverse

© Essor Prof

Features

Country United States
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1982-2008
Value 1 Cent (0.01 USD)
Currency Dollar (1785-date)
Composition Copper plated zinc
Weight 2.5 g
Diameter 19.05 mm
Thickness 1.3 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
References KM# 201a,
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Michael, Thomas & Tracy L. Schmidt; 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Michael, Thomas (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
KM# 201b,
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Michael, Thomas & Tracy L. Schmidt; 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Michael, Thomas (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Schmidt, Tracy L. (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
Schön# 202a
  • Gerhard Schön; 2020. Weltmünzkatalog 20. Jahrhundert: 1901-2000 (47. Auflage). Battenberg, Regenstauf, Germany. ISBN 9783866461840.
  • Kahnt, Helmut & Günter Schön; 2016. Weltmünzkatalog 19. Jahrhundert: 1801-1900 (17. Auflage). Battenberg. ISBN 9783866461185.
  • Schön, Gerhard & Sebastian Krämer; 2017. Weltmünzkatalog 21. Jahrhundert: 2001-2016 (3. Auflage). Battenberg. ISBN 9783866461383.

Obverse

The portrait in right profile of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States from 1861 to 1865, is accompanied with the lettering "LIBERTY" and the motto "IN GOD WE TRUST"

Lettering:
IN GOD WE TRUST
LIBERTY
2000
D
VDB

Engraver: Victor David Brenner

Victor David Brenner was a Litvak-American sculptor, engraver, and medalist known primarily as the designer of the United States Lincoln Cent.

Reverse

The Lincoln Memorial is surrounded with the face value in full, the lettering : "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" and the motto : "E • PLURIBUS • UNUM •"

Lettering:
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
E • PLURIBUS • UNUM •
FG
ONE CENT

Translation:
United States of America
Out of Many, One
FG
One Cent

Engraver: Frank Gasparro

Frank Gasparro was the tenth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint, holding this position from February 23, 1965 to January 16, 1981. Before that, he was Assistant Engraver. He designed both sides of the Susan B.

Edge

Smooth

1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent" -  obverse

© Cyrillius

Mints

United States Mint, Philadelphia, United States (1792-date)
D United States Mint, Denver, United States (1906-date)
S United States Mint, San Francisco, United States (1854-date)

Comments

KM#201a is for coins dated 1982, whereas KM#201b is for all coins dated afterward.

1982 is a transition year: the earliest coins were struck in 95% copper, and the latest coins were struck in copper-plated zinc. One of the most noticeable differences between the two is the weights (3.11 grams versus 2.50 grams).

To varieties exist for 1988: ones with regular "G" and ones with flared "G" in the initials "FG". Those with the flared "G" used a die from 1989, which had a slight change of font of the initials on the reverse.

In 1992, all coins were meant to have a wide "AM" of "AMERICA"; however, some were struck using the design meant for 1993 pieces (not using the proof, contrary to what the documentation says), resulting in some having a close "AM" of "AMERICA".



In 1998, 1999, and 2000, there were two different intended designs: those meant for regular circulating coins and those meant for proof coins. The design of the circulating coins was meant to have a wide "AM" of "AMERICA" whereas the design of the proof coins was meant to have a close "AM" of "AMERICA". Even so, some regular circulating coins were struck with the reverse proof design, and some proof coins were struck with the circulating design.

See also

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1982  10,712,525,000 0.11 0.18 0.27 0.30 1.13 12% KM#201a Large Date; mintage combined with Copper cents
1982  0.09 0.12 0.32 0.45 1.07 7% KM#201a Small Date; mintage included in above
1982 D 6,012,979,368 0.14 0.38 1.07 6% KM#201a Large Date; mintage combined with Copper cents
1982 D 0.41 1.13 5% KM#201a Small Date; mintage included in above
1983  7,752,355,000 0.01 0.05 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.24 0.33 32%
1983  0.9% Doubled Die Reverse, mintage included with 1983, very rare
1983 D 6,467,199,428 0.06 0.06 0.12 0.13 0.11 0.59 25%
1983 S 3,279,126 3.21 2.0% Proof
1984  8,151,079,000 0.04 0.07 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.26 0.65 31%
1984  1.5% Doubled Die Obverse (Lincoln's ear), mintage included with 1984, very rare
1984 D 5,569,238,906 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.12 0.18 0.07 0.60 24%
1984 S 3,065,110 2.15 1.8% Proof
1985  5,648,489,887 0.04 0.06 0.12 0.13 0.11 0.38 0.32 29%
1985 D 5,287,339,926 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.13 0.32 23%
1985 S 3,362,821 3.19 1.8% Proof
1986  4,491,395,493 0.01 0.05 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.84 0.81 27%
1986 D 4,442,866,698 0.01 0.07 0.12 0.15 0.18 0.21 0.63 23%
1986 S 3,010,497 3.68 1.7% Proof
1987  4,682,466,931 0.05 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.43 0.33 27%
1987 D 4,879,389,514 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.12 0.13 0.27 0.33 24%
1987 S 4,227,728 3.20 2.0% Proof
1988  6,092,810,000 0.06 0.05 0.08 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.52 29% Two varieties exist: regular "G" and flared "G" (initials)
1988 D 5,253,740,443 0.12 0.06 0.07 0.11 0.15 0.15 0.35 24% Two varieties exist: regular "G" and flared "G" (initials)
1988 S 3,262,948 3.60 1.6% Proof
1989  7,261,535,000 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.17 0.11 0.32 31%
1989 D 5,345,467,111 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.32 24%
1989 S 3,220,194 4.23 1.7% Proof
1990  6,851,765,000 0.05 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.13 0.32 29%
1990  1.2% Proof (San Francisco Proof without mintmark), excessively rare
1990 D 4,922,894,533 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.12 0.11 0.15 0.32 22%
1990 S 3,299,559 4.23 1.6% Proof
1991  5,165,940,000 0.07 0.07 0.12 0.08 0.12 0.26 0.33 27%
1991 D 4,158,446,076 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.34 0.15 21%
1991 S 2,867,787 3.72 1.5% Proof
1992  1.0% Close "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 1992 Wide "AM"
1992  4,648,905,000 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.05 0.32 26% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA"
1992 D 0.6% Close "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 1992 Wide "AM", very rare
1992 D 4,448,673,300 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.21 0.37 21% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA"
1992 S 4,176,560 1.59 1.9% Proof
1993  5,684,705,000 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.20 0.43 28%
1993 D 6,426,650,571 0.04 0.08 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.07 0.37 24%
1993 S 3,394,792 3.31 1.6% Proof
1994  6,500,850,000 0.04 0.09 0.08 0.12 0.11 0.05 0.32 30%
1994 D 7,131,765,000 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.09 0.15 0.07 0.32 25%
1994 S 3,269,923 4.23 1.5% Proof
1995  6,411,440,000 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.06 0.33 27%
1995  1.5% Doubled Die Obverse, mintage included with 1995, rare
1995 D 7,128,560,000 0.06 0.15 0.18 0.14 0.11 0.30 25%
1995 S 2,797,481 1.65 1.3% Proof
1996  6,612,465,000 0.04 0.07 0.06 0.11 0.18 0.21 0.32 28%
1996 D 6,510,795,000 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.17 24%
1996 S 2,525,265 4.23 1.3% Proof
1997  4,622,800,000 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.32 24%
1997 D 4,576,555,000 0.05 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.01 0.32 20%
1997 S 2,796,678 1.69 1.2% Proof
1998  5,032,155,000 0.09 0.07 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.45 24% Close "AM" in "AMERICA"
1998  1.4% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 1998 Close "AM", rare
1998 D 5,225,353,500 0.05 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.07 0.15 22%
1998 S 0.15% Proof (close "AM" in "AMERICA"), mintage included with 1998 S Wide "AM"
1998 S 2,086,507 4.25 1.2% Proof (wide "AM" in "AMERICA")
1999  5,237,600,000 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.41 0.33 26% Close "AM" in "AMERICA"
1999  0.13 1.1% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 1999 Close "AM", very rare
1999 D 6,360,065,000 0.06 0.05 0.09 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.13 24%
1999 S 0.2% Proof (close "AM" in "AMERICA"), mintage included with 1999 S Wide "AM"
1999 S 3,347,966 4.72 1.4% Proof (wide "AM" in "AMERICA")
2000  5,503,200,000 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.35 26% Close "AM" in "AMERICA"
2000  0.12 1.3% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 2000 Close "AM"
2000 D 8,774,220,000 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.11 0.13 0.07 0.32 28%
2000 S 4,047,993 1.37 1.9% Proof
2001  4,959,600,000 0.06 0.05 0.11 0.09 0.12 0.32 0.34 24%
2001 D 5,374,990,000 0.05 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.15 0.06 23%
2001 S 3,184,606 3.19 1.5% Proof
2002  3,260,800,000 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.53 0.32 21%
2002 D 4,028,055,000 0.12 0.12 0.06 0.12 0.14 0.26 20%
2002 S 3,211,995 2.65 1.6% Proof
2003  3,300,000,000 0.04 0.05 0.09 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.21 21%
2003 D 3,548,000,000 0.04 0.09 0.07 0.12 0.11 0.07 0.39 19%
2003 S 3,298,439 3.19 1.6% Proof
2004  3,379,600,000 0.09 0.07 0.14 0.15 0.14 0.32 21%
2004 D 3,456,400,000 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.47 19%
2004 S 2,965,522 3.17 1.6% Proof
2005  3,935,600,000 0.05 0.09 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.57 23%
2005  1,160,000 0.11% Satin Finish
2005 D 3,764,450,500 0.05 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.21 0.63 19%
2005 D 1,160,000 0.09% Satin Finish
2005 S 3,344,679 3.19 1.7% Proof
2006  4,290,000,000 0.11 0.19 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.34 23%
2006  847,361 0.09% Satin Finish
2006 D 3,944,000,000 0.05 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.27 19%
2006 D 847,361 0.09% Satin Finish
2006 S 3,054,436 4.24 1.5% Proof
2007  3,613,000,600 0.05 0.08 0.12 0.11 0.35 0.80 21%
2007  895,628 0.06% Satin Finish
2007 D 3,524,000,400 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.22 19%
2007 D 895,628 0.04% Satin Finish
2007 S 2,062,793 2.40 1.5% Proof
2008  2,569,600,000 0.09 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.26 0.50 18%
2008  745,464 0.07% Satin Finish
2008 D 2,849,600,000 0.04 0.04 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.61 17%
2008 D 745,464 0.07% Satin Finish
2008 S 2,169,561 4.25 1.4% Proof

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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Coins United States 1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent"