1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent"

1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent" -  obverse1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent" -  reverse

© Essor Prof

Features

Issuer United States
Period Federal republic (1776-date)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1982-2008
Value 1 Cent (0.01 USD)
Currency Dollar (1785-date)
Composition Copper plated zinc
Weight 2.5 g
Diameter 19.05 mm
Thickness 1.3 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Number N# 43
Numista (https://numista.com)
References KM# 201a,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.
KM# 201b,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.
Schön# 202a
Gerhard Schön; 2020. Weltmünzkatalog / 20. Jahrhundert: 1901-2000 (47. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany.
And 2 more volumes.

Obverse

The portrait in right profile of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States from 1861 to 1865, is accompanied with the lettering "LIBERTY" and the motto "IN GOD WE TRUST"

Lettering:
IN GOD WE TRUST
LIBERTY
2000
D
VDB

Engraver: Victor David Brenner

Victor David Brenner was a Litvak-American sculptor, engraver, and medalist known primarily as the designer of the United States Lincoln Cent.

Reverse

The Lincoln Memorial is surrounded with the face value in full, the lettering : "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" and the motto : "E • PLURIBUS • UNUM •"

Lettering:
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
E • PLURIBUS • UNUM •
FG
ONE CENT

Translation:
United States of America
Out of Many, One
FG
One Cent

Engraver: Frank Gasparro

Frank Gasparro was the tenth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint, holding this position from February 23, 1965 to January 16, 1981. Before that, he was Assistant Engraver. He designed both sides of the Susan B.

Edge

Smooth

1 Cent "Lincoln Memorial Cent" -  obverse

© Cyrillius

Mints

United States Mint, Philadelphia, United States (1792-date)
D United States Mint, Denver, United States (1906-date)
S United States Mint, San Francisco, United States (1854-date)

Comments

FG engraver's signature


KM#201a is for coins dated 1982, whereas KM#201b is for all coins dated afterward.

1982 is a transition year: the earliest coins were struck in 95% copper, and the latest coins were struck in copper-plated zinc. One of the most noticeable differences between the two is the weights (3.11 grams versus 2.50 grams).

To varieties exist for 1988: ones with regular "G" and ones with flared "G" in the initials "FG". Those with the flared "G" used a die from 1989, which had a slight change of font of the initials on the reverse.

In 1992, all coins were meant to have a wide "AM" of "AMERICA"; however, some were struck using the design meant for 1993 pieces (not using the proof, contrary to what the documentation says), resulting in some having a close "AM" of "AMERICA".



In 1998, 1999, and 2000, there were two different intended designs: those meant for regular circulating coins and those meant for proof coins. The design of the circulating coins was meant to have a wide "AM" of "AMERICA" whereas the design of the proof coins was meant to have a close "AM" of "AMERICA". Even so, some regular circulating coins were struck with the reverse proof design, and some proof coins were struck with the circulating design.

See also

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1982  10 712 525 000 0.02 0.06 0.19 0.27 0.07 1.07 13% KM#201a Large Date; mintage combined with Copper cents
1982  0.06 0.12 0.13 0.27 0.30 0.98 7% KM#201a Small Date; mintage included in above
1982 D 6 012 979 368 0.12 0.32 0.15 0.77 7% KM#201a Large Date; mintage combined with Copper cents
1982 D 0.06 0.27 0.15 1.16 5% KM#201a Small Date; mintage included in above
1983  7 752 355 000 0.01 0.05 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.21 0.33 32%
1983  0.9% Doubled Die Reverse, mintage included with 1983, very rare
1983 D 6 467 199 428 0.01 0.06 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.72 25%
1983 S 3 279 126 2.94 2% Proof
1984  8 151 079 000 0.04 0.06 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.66 31%
1984  1.4% Doubled Die Obverse (Lincoln's ear), mintage included with 1984, very rare
1984 D 5 569 238 906 0.01 0.04 0.07 0.12 0.16 0.07 0.60 24%
1984 S 3 065 110 2.52 1.9% Proof
1985  5 648 489 887 0.04 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.26 0.32 29%
1985 D 5 287 339 926 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.13 0.32 23%
1985 S 3 362 821 2.95 2% Proof
1986  4 491 395 493 0.01 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.32 0.66 27%
1986 D 4 442 866 698 0.01 0.06 0.12 0.13 0.18 0.18 0.59 23%
1986 S 3 010 497 2.94 1.9% Proof
1987  4 682 466 931 0.01 0.05 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.26 0.34 27%
1987 D 4 879 389 514 0.04 0.05 0.09 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.34 24%
1987 S 4 227 728 2.91 2% Proof
1988  6 092 810 000 0.04 0.05 0.08 0.12 0.12 0.26 0.52 29% Two varieties exist: regular "G" and flared "G" (initials)
1988 D 5 253 740 443 0.07 0.06 0.08 0.11 0.13 0.15 0.35 24% Two varieties exist: regular "G" and flared "G" (initials)
1988 S 3 262 948 3.69 1.8% Proof
1989  7 261 535 000 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.32 31%
1989 D 5 345 467 111 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.32 24%
1989 S 3 220 194 3.46 1.9% Proof
1990  6 851 765 000 0.05 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.33 29%
1990  1.2% Proof (San Francisco Proof without mintmark), excessively rare
1990 D 4 922 894 533 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.12 0.12 0.07 0.32 23%
1990 S 3 299 559 3.69 1.8% Proof
1991  5 165 940 000 0.07 0.07 0.12 0.09 0.12 0.23 0.33 27%
1991 D 4 158 446 076 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.15 0.20 21%
1991 S 2 867 787 2.95 1.8% Proof
1992  1.2% Close "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 1992 Wide "AM"
1992  4 648 905 000 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.07 0.32 26% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA"
1992 D 0.7% Close "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 1992 Wide "AM", very rare
1992 D 4 448 673 300 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.07 0.36 21% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA"
1992 S 4 176 560 1.58 2% Proof
1993  5 684 705 000 0.02 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.20 0.42 28%
1993 D 6 426 650 571 0.02 0.08 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.15 0.36 24%
1993 S 3 394 792 2.35 1.9% Proof
1994  6 500 850 000 0.04 0.09 0.08 0.12 0.11 0.06 0.32 30%
1994 D 7 131 765 000 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.09 0.18 0.07 0.32 25%
1994 S 3 269 923 3.45 1.8% Proof
1995  6 411 440 000 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.05 0.33 27%
1995  1.4% Doubled Die Obverse, mintage included with 1995, rare
1995 D 7 128 560 000 0.04 0.06 0.14 0.16 0.12 0.29 0.20 25%
1995 S 2 797 481 1.93 1.5% Proof
1996  6 612 465 000 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.12 0.18 0.21 0.32 28%
1996 D 6 510 795 000 0.07 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.01 0.16 24%
1996 S 2 525 265 3.28 1.5% Proof
1997  4 622 800 000 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.32 24%
1997 D 4 576 555 000 0.09 0.05 0.08 0.12 0.12 0.01 0.32 20%
1997 S 2 796 678 1.78 1.4% Proof
1998  5 032 155 000 0.09 0.07 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.43 24% Close "AM" in "AMERICA"
1998  1.4% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 1998 Close "AM", rare
1998 D 5 225 353 500 0.05 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.07 0.15 22%
1998 S 0.20% Proof (close "AM" in "AMERICA"), mintage included with 1998 S Wide "AM"
1998 S 2 086 507 2.97 1.5% Proof (wide "AM" in "AMERICA")
1999  5 237 600 000 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.39 0.40 25% Close "AM" in "AMERICA"
1999  0.14 1.1% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 1999 Close "AM", very rare
1999 D 6 360 065 000 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.11 0.12 0.07 0.32 24%
1999 S 0.3% Proof (close "AM" in "AMERICA"), mintage included with 1999 S Wide "AM"
1999 S 3 347 966 3.88 1.5% Proof (wide "AM" in "AMERICA")
2000  5 503 200 000 0.04 0.05 0.08 0.14 0.14 0.09 0.35 26% Close "AM" in "AMERICA"
2000  7.15 10 1.4% Wide "AM" in "AMERICA", mintage included with 2000 Close "AM"
2000 D 8 774 220 000 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.13 0.07 0.21 28%
2000 S 4 047 993 1.47 2% Proof
2001  4 959 600 000 0.01 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.23 0.32 24%
2001 D 5 374 990 000 0.05 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.07 0.15 23%
2001 S 3 184 606 2.23 1.7% Proof
2002  3 260 800 000 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.32 0.32 21%
2002 D 4 028 055 000 0.04 0.09 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.21 20%
2002 S 3 211 995 1.98 1.8% Proof
2003  3 300 000 000 0.09 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.20 21%
2003 D 3 548 000 000 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.06 0.39 19%
2003 S 3 298 439 2.88 1.9% Proof
2004  3 379 600 000 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.14 0.12 0.14 0.32 21%
2004 D 3 456 400 000 0.06 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.09 0.39 19%
2004 S 2 965 522 2.97 1.9% Proof
2005  3 935 600 000 0.04 0.05 0.08 0.13 0.12 0.09 0.55 23%
2005  1 160 000 1.49 0.3% Satin Finish
2005 D 3 764 450 500 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.07 0.08 0.12 0.59 19%
2005 D 1 160 000 1.49 0.2% Satin Finish
2005 S 3 344 679 2.23 2% Proof
2006  4 290 000 000 0.04 0.16 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.14 0.26 23%
2006  847 361 1.49 0.2% Satin Finish
2006 D 3 944 000 000 0.09 0.05 0.12 0.11 0.09 0.21 0.27 19%
2006 D 847 361 1.49 0.19% Satin Finish
2006 S 3 054 436 3.17 1.9% Proof
2007  3 613 000 600 0.05 0.08 0.12 0.11 0.06 0.72 21%
2007  895 628 0.17% Satin Finish
2007 D 3 524 000 400 0.09 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.20 19%
2007 D 895 628 0.18% Satin Finish
2007 S 2 062 793 2.38 1.7% Proof
2008  2 569 600 000 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.12 0.13 0.49 18%
2008  745 464 0.20% Satin Finish
2008 D 2 849 600 000 0.04 0.02 0.12 0.11 0.09 0.59 17%
2008 D 745 464 1.24 0.2% Satin Finish
2008 S 2 169 561 2.95 1.5% Proof

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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