1 Cent - Victoria

Features

Country Canada
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1876-1901
Value 1 Cent
0.01 CAD = 0.0081 USD
Currency Canadian dollar (1858-date)
Composition Bronze (Cu 95%, Sn 4%, Zn 1%)
Weight 5.67 g
Diameter 25.4 mm
Thickness 1.5 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment ↑↑
Number N# 440
Numista (https://numista.com)
References KM# 7,
Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins / 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.
And 4 more volumes.
Schön# 5
Gerhard Schön; 2020. Weltmünzkatalog / 20. Jahrhundert: 1901-2000 (47. Auflage). Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany.
And 2 more volumes.

Obverse

The portrait in left profile of Victoria is surrounded with the inscriptions "CANADA" and "VICTORIA DEI GRATIA REGINA"

Lettering:
VICTORIA DEI GRATIA REGINA.
CANADA

Engravers: Leonard Charles Wyon , George William de Saulles

Leonard Charles Wyon was a British engraver of the Victorian era most notable for his work on the gold and silver coinage struck for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 and the bronze coinage of 1860 with the second head portrait, in use from 1860 to 1894.
George William de Saulles was a British medallist. He authored and designed the obverse of coins from the United Kingdom and its colonies under Queen Victoria and Edward VII of the United Kingdom

Reverse

The face value is encircled with maple leaves wrapped around a vine

Lettering:
ONE
CENT
1891

Engraver: Leonard Charles Wyon

Leonard Charles Wyon was a British engraver of the Victorian era most notable for his work on the gold and silver coinage struck for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887 and the bronze coinage of 1860 with the second head portrait, in use from 1860 to 1894.

Edge

Plain

Comments

There are four main varieties on the OBVERSE of this coin:

► Obv 1: Young queen, round chin, prominent lips.
► Obv 2: Noticeably aged face, chin and upper lip back.
► Obv 3: Several signs of ageing on the face; angular double chin and bags under the eyes.
► Obv 4: Return to a less angular chin, upper lip less fleshy.


Three major varieties on the REVERSE:

► 1st variety (V1): 1876-1882 is the same as used in the 1858-1859 reverse Minor alterations to the stems and leaves of the vine branch (engraver: L. C. Wyon)
► 2nd variety (V2): 1883-1890 Larger leaves, fewer veins. (engaver: L. C. Wyon)
► 3rd variety (V3): 1891-1901: Narrower leaves with deeper veins. (engraver: G.W. De Saulles)

"H" below date (on reverse) indicates coins struck at the Heaton Mint

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1876 H 4 000 000 1.61 3.25 4.77 5.80 10.64 10.80 28% Provincial leaves, obverse 1
1881 H 2 000 000 4.33 5.96 11.94 18.77 13.11 17% Provincial leaves, obverse 1
1882 H 4 000 000 3.81 4.38 4.17 6.29 7.66 25% Provincial leaves, obverse 1,2
1884  2 500 000 1.01 3.88 4.31 5.96 12.17 30.55 20% Large leaves, obverse 1, 2
1886  1 500 000 0.99 7.09 8.52 11.09 10.06 15% Large leaves, obverse 1, 2
1887  1 500 000 3.55 3.81 8.21 13.69 14% Large leaves, obverse 2
1888  4 000 000 3.67 4.27 5.31 7.91 26.70 28% Large leaves, obverse 2
1890 H 1 000 000 0.99 8.14 11.82 19.66 31.19 10% Large leaves, obverse 3
1891  1 452 500 1.05 8.47 12.23 19.20 38.75 10% Large leaves, obverse 2, 3, large date
1891  77.49 2% Large leaves, obverse 2, 3, small date. Quantity incl. above
1891  84.63 199.71 1.9% Small leaves, obverse 2, 3, small date. Quantity incl. above
1892  1 200 000 5.97 9.16 11.81 23.83 12% Small leaves, obverse 2, 3, 4
1893  2 000 000 2.29 6.15 5.96 5.12 9.32 16% Small leaves, obverse 4
1894  1 000 000 12.80 18.46 21.57 38.19 9% Small leaves, obverse 4
1894  1.2% Small leaves, obverse 4 (Large '4')
1895  1 200 000 4.65 5.77 9.44 13.32 20.79 13% Small leaves, obverse 4
1896  2 000 000 1.87 3.25 6.20 5.36 11.20 11.03 16% Small leaves, obverse 4
1896  26.86 5.93 1.8% Small leaves, obverse 4 (Far '6')
1897  1 500 000 4.68 5.96 5.35 9.77 14% Small leaves, obverse 4
1898 H 1 000 000 10.77 17.42 27.82 11% Small leaves, obverse 4
1899  2 400 000 2.86 2.75 3.56 5.37 10.45 35.23 19% Small leaves, obverse 4
1900  1 000 000 3.34 3.82 7.65 3.85 16.00 15% Small leaves, obverse 4
1900 H 2 600 000 2.31 3.84 5.17 5.95 7.17 11.92 18.66 13% Small leaves, obverse 4
1901  4 100 000 0.60 1.61 3.86 5.37 7.91 8.34 48.44 29% Small leaves, obverse 4

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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