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3 Pence - Victoria 1st portrait; incl. Maundy and Colonial

3 Pence - Victoria (1st portrait; incl. Maundy and Colonial) -  obverse3 Pence - Victoria (1st portrait; incl. Maundy and Colonial) -  reverse

© Ian Cass

Features

Country United Kingdom
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Type Standard circulation coin
Years 1838-1887
Value 3 Pence = 1/4 Shilling (1/80)
Currency Pound sterling (1158-1970)
Composition Silver (.925)
Weight 1.41 g
Diameter 16 mm
Thickness 0.6 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
References KM# 730,
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 2001-Date (14th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248979.
  • Thomas Michael (editor), Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1601-1700 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248573.
  • Thomas Michael (editor); 2016. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1701-1800 (7th edition). Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440247064.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1801-1900 (9th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248955.
  • Tracy L. Schmidt (editor); 2019. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1901-2000 (47th edition). Krause Publications, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA. ISBN 9781440248962.
Sp# 3914,
  • Emma Howard (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom: Pre-Decimal Issues (55th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9781912667536.
  • Geoff Kitchen (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom: Decimal Issues (6th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9781912667215.
Sp# 3918
  • Emma Howard (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom: Pre-Decimal Issues (55th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9781912667536.
  • Geoff Kitchen (editor); 2020. Coins of England & the United Kingdom: Decimal Issues (6th edition). Spink & Son, London, United Kingdom. ISBN 9781912667215.

Obverse

Uncrowned portrait ('Young Head') of Queen Victoria left, legend around.

Lettering: VICTORIA D:G:BRITANNIAR:REGINA F:D:

Translation: Victoria by the Grace of God Queen of Britain Defender of the Faith

Engraver: William Wyon

William Wyon RA, was official chief engraver at the Royal Mint from 1828 until his death.

Reverse

Crowned denomination divides date within oak wreath.

Lettering: 18 3 74

Engraver: Jean Baptiste Merlen

Edge

Plain

Comments

Struck with prooflike finish for use in the Maundy ceremony and with a dull surface for circulation initially in the West Indies, where it was equivalent to ½ real. The standard weight of this coin was 1/22 troy ounce or 21.8 grains.

Sp#3914 (1838-87) Coinage initially struck for circulation in the West Indies, domestic issues began in 1845:

        3914    Type A1 (1838-61) First bust, young head, high relief, ear fully visible;
        3914A Type A2 (1859-68) First bust variety, slightly older portrait with aquiline nose;
        3914B Type A3 (1867 only) Second bust, slightly larger, lower relief, mouth fuller;
        3914C Type A4 (1866-84) Tie ribbon further from tooth border, cross on crown nearer tooth border;
        3914D Type A5 (1880-87) Third bust, older features, mouth closed, hair strands leading from 'bun' vary;

More information can be found in 'English Silver Coins' by Maurice Bull. Holes in planchet are common.

Sp#3916 Maundy money sets listed with their KM# ref:

1838 MDS86&87 4,158 (partially Proof)             1863 MDS114 4,158
1839 MDS88&89 4,425 (partially Proof)             1864 MDS115 4,158
1840 MDS90 4,125                                                       1865 MDS116 4,158
1841 MDS91 2,574                                                       1866 MDS117 4,158
1842 MDS92 4,125                                                       1867 MDS118&119 4,158 (partially Proof)
1843 MDS93 4,158                                                       1868 MDS120 4,158
1844 MDS94 4,158                                                       1869 MDS121 4,158
1845 MDS95 4,158                                                       1870 MDS122 4,488
1846 MDS96 4,158                                                       1871 MDS123&124 4,488 (partially Proof)
1847 MDS97 4,158                                                       1872 MDS125 4,328
1848 MDS98 4,158                                                       1873 MDS126 4,162
1849 MDS99 4,158                                                       1874 MDS127 4,488
1850 MDS100 4,158                                                     1875 MDS128 4,154
1851 MDS101 4,158                                                     1876 MDS129 4,488
1852 MDS102 4,158                                                     1877 MDS130 4,488
1853 MDS103&104 4,158 (partially Proof)         1878 MDS131&132 4,488 (partially Proof)
1854 MDS105 4,158                                                     1879 MDS133 4,488
1855 MDS106 4,158                                                     1880 MDS134 4,488
1856 MDS107 4,158                                                     1881 MDS135&136 4,488 (partially Proof)
1857 MDS108 4,158                                                     1882 MDS137 4,488
1858 MDS109 4,158                                                     1883 MDS138 4,488
1859 MDS110 4,158                                                     1884 MDS139 4,488
1860 MDS111 4,158                                                     1885 MDS140 4,488
1861 MDS112 4,158                                                     1886 MDS141 4,488
1862 MDS113 4,158                                                     1887 MDS142 4,488

Sp#3918 (1838-87) Maundy prooflike issue.

Demonetization note: Whilst the circulation strikes have been demonetized, the Maundy issues carry legal tender status and are still being struck to this day with the value updated to decimal pence.

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Date Mintage G VG F VF XF AU UNC Frequency
1838  0.3% Proof
1838  4,312 0.3% Prooflike
1838  1,203,800 2% Sp#3914; Colonial issue
1839  0.15% Proof
1839  4,356 0.15% Prooflike
1839  570,200 0.6% Sp#3914; Colonial issue
1840  4,356 0.15% Prooflike
1840  633,600 1.0% Sp#3914; Colonial issue
1841  2,904 0.15% Prooflike
1841  443,500 0.7% Sp#3914; Colonial issue
1842  4,356 0.15% Prooflike
1842  2,027,500 0.4% Sp#3914; Colonial issue; mintage incl. 1843
1843  4,488 0.7% Prooflike
1843  3.12 4% Sp#3914; Colonial issue; mintage incl. 1842
1844  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1844  1,045,400 0.7% Sp#3914; Colonial issue
1845  1,314,700 2%
1845  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1846  47,500 0.4%
1846  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1847  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1847  0.07% Sp#3914; Colonial issue
1848  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1848  0.2% Sp#3914; Colonial issue
1849  126,700 0.2%
1849  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1850  950,400 1.0%
1850  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1851  479,000 0.8%
1851  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1852  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1852  0.07% Sp#3914; Colonial issue
1853  31,600 0.3%
1853  0.15% Proof
1853  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1854  1,467,200 1.1%
1854  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1855  383,300 0.4%
1855  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1856  1,013,700 2%
1856  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1857  1,758,200 1.5%
1857  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1858  1,441,400 2%
1858  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1859  3,579,800 4%
1859  4,488 0.4% Prooflike
1860  3,405,600 3%
1860  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1861  3,294,700 4%
1861  4,488 0.3% Prooflike
1862  1,156,300 2%
1862  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1863  950,400 1.1%
1863  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1864  1,330,500 2%
1864  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1865  1,742,400 1.8%
1865  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1866  1,900,800 4%
1866  4,488 0.3% Prooflike
1867  712,800 1.7%
1867  0.15% Proof
1867  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1868  1,457,200 3%
1868  0.3% error 'RRITANIAR'
1868  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1869  0.7% [none issued, Maundy only]
1869  4,488 0.4% Prooflike
1870  1,283,200 3%
1870  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1871  999,600 3%
1871  0.15% Proof
1871  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1872  1,293,200 3%
1872  4,488 0.3% Prooflike
1873  4,055,500 4.68 10%
1873  4,488 0.3% Prooflike
1874  4,427,000 4.68 5.61 11.69 13%
1874  4,488 0.3% Prooflike
1875  3,306,500 1.08 3.71 5.26 10%
1875  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1876  1,834,300 5%
1876  4,488 0.3% Prooflike
1877  2,622,300 1.15 8%
1877  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1878  2,419,900 10%
1878  0.15% Proof
1878  4,488 0.4% Prooflike
1879  3,140,200 6%
1879  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1880  1,610,000 5.73 5%
1880  4,488 0.15% Prooflike
1881  3,248,200 8%
1881  0.15% Proof
1881  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1882  472,900 1.15 4%
1882  4,488 0.3% Prooflike
1883  4,365,900 2.92 2.65 5.73 16%
1883  4,488 0.3% Prooflike
1884  3,322,400 1.24 3.27 7.60 13%
1884  4,488 0.2% Prooflike
1885  5,183,600 1.33 2.12 2.08 5.73 21%
1885  4,488 0.4% Prooflike
1886  6,152,600 1.01 1.15 3.69 5.84 21%
1886  4,488 0.4% Prooflike
1887  2,780,700 4.24 5.73 10%
1887  0.15% Proof
1887  4,488 0.5% Prooflike

Values in the table above are expressed in USD. They are based on evaluations by Numista users and sales realized on Internet platforms. They serve as a measure, but they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes.

Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Since some users own several versions, the sum may be greater than 100%.

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Coins United Kingdom 3 Pence - Victoria (1st portrait; incl. Maundy and Colonial)